Get your hands dirty in Crop Production! Find out how soils, bugs, beetles and more affect your crops. Whether it’s corn, soybeans, wheat, hay or silage, 4-H crop production is for you!
- Learn how soil, seeds, weather, pests, and fertilizer affect field crops
- Be a scientist and do experiments with crops
- Use new technology that is changing the way field crops are grown
- See the value and uses of field crops
Ideas for Project Area Learning
- Find differences when you: plant seeds in different soils, use different fertilizers and control weeds & pests
- Identify what helps plants grow, and what’s harmful to them
- Take a soil sample and learn soil and nutrient requirements
- Calculate growing degree days
- Scout fields for pests and growing conditions
- Decide what varieties of crops to plant and at what time
- Manage your own crops based on Integrated Crop Management principles
- Calculate harvest losses and their causes
- Identify how new technology impacts crop production
Share What You Learn with Others!
- Show your group the difference between a healthy plant and a sick one, and tell how that happens.
- Develop a journal with the details of the fields you scout.
- Present on the insects that are beneficial and pests to crops (visit the 4-H Entomology page).
- Help teach others about farm safety.
- Join and participate in a farm commodity association.
- Organize and lead an appreciation event for farmers during harvest.
- Create farm safety rules for your family and share with others.
- Plan a tour of a seed corn plant for your group.
- Develop a “harvest loss frame” and use it to help other farmers calculate their harvest losses.
- Create a booklet of different uses of corn and soybeans
- Keep a journal of your plants, recording rainfall and other weather data, fertilizer and pesticide application, hybrid variety selection and other factors that influence the growth and development of your crop
- Create soil maps of a farm and demonstrate different properties such as soil types, drainage, CSR, and slope. (For a program to create soil maps, visit the USDA Web Soil Survey page.)
- Design a poster to teach others about the information provided on seed labels
- Give an educational presentation on resources that are available to help in conservation planning
- Follow commodity markets for a month. Record the change in prices. Create a chart to show the changes prices and how it would change a decision to purchase or sell.
- Develop a journal of common diseases, insects, and other problems found in your area while crop scouting.