A recurring challenge every winter in Iowa is keeping the water you use from freezing. Keeping water thawed requires adequate heat to keep the temperature of the water above freezing. The three most common approaches are adding heat with a heating device, insulating to conserve heat, and adding heat by bringing in warmer water.
In most beef operations, regardless of size, the single largest cost is feed. Proper planning and implementation of winter grazing can dramatically reduce annual cow costs without sacrificing productivity and profit. So how do you go about developing a winter grazing system, and what do you need to be wary of?