Fish Processors Need to Follow HACCP Rules

New publication explains what fish producers and processors must know about mitigating food safety hazards

October 7, 2019, 11:07 am | Joe Morris

AMES, Iowa – Fish processors and farmers who are involved with any part of fish processing need to be aware of food safety requirements for their industry.

Since 1997, fish processors have been under Food and Drug Administration regulations that require processors to follow specific rules related to the Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point.

fisherman at work/fishing industry by zorandim75/ help farmers and processors understand the requirements, a new fact sheet has been made available from Iowa State University Extension and Outreach, and the North Central Regional Aquaculture Center.

“The Seafood HACCP Regulation and its Effects on Aquaculture” is a six-page guide that helps producers and processors understand what they must do in order to comply, while producing a safe and healthy product.

What’s involved

Fish processing is defined as “handling, storing, preparing, heading, eviscerating, shucking, freezing, changing into different market forms, manufacturing, preserving, packing, labeling, dockside unloading, or holding fish or fishery products.”

Although the rules technically only apply to processors, all fish farmers should be aware of HACCP rules, and comply with any portion of processing that they may be involved with.

“It is important that all aquaculture producers take it upon themselves to become aware of the HACCP regulations to circumvent any surprises when it comes time to market their fish,” according to the authors.

The rules cover the major areas where a hazard is likely to occur, including the sanitation of processing facilities and packaging equipment, handling of fish and fish products, and the proper use of aquaculture-approved drugs.

Worthy investment

Becoming HACCP compliant takes a commitment by the producer. However, the result is a win-win for the industry and consumer, according to Joe Morris, professor and extension aquaculture specialist at Iowa State University.

“The American consumer wants to be assured that what they eat is produced under healthy conditions,” Morris said.

He said that it only takes one bad experience for consumers to be turned away, and that following HACCP is a good way for producers and processors to keep their customers.

The NCRAC is located at Iowa State, and manages research and extension programs for the 12-state North Central Region.


Photo credit: zorandim75/


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