Unfortunately, and way too often, I have experienced the misunderstanding, negative conflict, and mistrust that are the outcomes of the leader who practices the Unilateral Control Model; even though the leader may think he or she is practicing the Mutual Learning Model. The determining factor in these situations is that these leaders do not really know and understand their own values and beliefs.
What would a strong leader say and do? What would they look like? What would they believe in? This last question is really critical and where people like to focus their energy. People appear to care far less about what leaders do and say and more about how they do it and say it. And the how seems to be tied to their leadership philosophy, their beliefs about leadership, and their values of leadership.