After creating a training regimen that provides support for the racehorse's cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, energetics, biomechanics, thermoregulation, and nutrition the speed and endurance required to compete in a racing can still result in unplanned and unforeseen injuries. Twelve hundred pounds of racehorse impacts the ground with tremendous concussive forces during the gallop where one leg at a time hits the ground. The joints of the lower limb, particularly the fetlock joints, hyperextend on impact to the point where the distal ankle can touch the ground (Berkland, 2020).
Scurry Driving is a fast-paced equestrian event where a pair of dual- harnessed ponies pull a pair of drivers around a course or track on a small buggy or carriage to compete for the fastest time. The general age of an animal to compete varies by how training progresses. Since it is a driving pair, they are usually around the same age. The average age of competing equines is around 10 years old, while some of the youngest pairs are 4 and 5 years old; the oldest pairs are still competing around 16 years of age. Younger horses tend to perform better in the sport.
When looking at the world of animal athletics, injuries are a big concern. One species that has been researched the most for athletic injuries is the horse. Bone injuries are common in young racing horses. Bone bruising is caused by repetitive trauma to the bone while it is still developing. A common injury in racing horses is Bone Oedema, also known as bone bruising. Bone Oedema is an injury to the subchondral bone, the layer of the bone that abuts cartilage in weight-bearing joints.
Barrel racing is an equine competition that takes place all around the U.S and in different parts of the world. This event is based on how fast a horse can run around 3 barrels set in a clover leaf pattern and run back, past the finish line. This clover leaf pattern is represented in Figure 1. According to the National Barrel Horse Association “The first two barrels must be a minimum of 15 feet off the side of the fence. There needs to be a minimum of 30 feet between the third barrel and the fence. Lastly there needs to be a minimum of 3 feet between the timeline and the first barrel (NHAB,2020).” This event only lasts as long as the time it takes for the horse and rider to cross the start timeline, run the course, and cross the finish timeline.
Conditioning equine athletes on water treadmills significantly improves peak oxygen consumption investigates the cardiovascular performance benefits of training equine athletes on a water treadmill (WT) compared to a conventional dry treadmill (DT).
Equine athletes are under a tremendous amount of stress in their limbs which often leads to various lameness issues. One of the most common injuries is tendonitis, specifically of the superior digital flexor tendon (SDFT). Tendons are responsible for connecting and transferring the force from muscles to bones. The SDFT specifically stretches from below the knee or hock to the pastern bone (see figure 1) and is under considerable loading stress, especially in disciplines involving high speeds or jumping, such as Three-Day Eventing.
The Kentucky Derby is considered "The Greatest Two Minutes in Sport." This race is regarded as a Grade I stake horse race for thoroughbreds. These horses compete in this famous race at the age of three, and the horse who runs the 1 ¼ miles distance in the shortest time wins a great purse of $1.24 million. The average horse running the Kentucky Derby competes at an average of 37 miles per hour.
Among the numerous events within the Equine Industry, a very popular one is Barrel Racing. Often seen in rodeos, it is a western style equine sport that is accompanied by other working horse events such as reining and cutting. The horses selected for the competitions are usually of Quarter Horse breed origin and are relied on for their bursts of speed and limber movements around the barrels. Training programs developed for this sport would involve high impact and macrocycle conditioning