Flooding - Farm and Ranch

What should you do after a flood on your farm? ISU Extension and Outreach has Disaster Recovery information and resources to help you make decisions and take action for your farm’s future.

Recovery

State and Federal Resources

  • Iowa Farm Service Agency

    Source: USDA Farm Service Agency

    Find your FSA county office in Iowa and information about programs that may be available to help you recover from flooding and severe weather.

  • Disaster Assistance Discovery Tool

    Source: United States Department of Agriculture

    The Disaster Assistance Discovery Tool uses your answers to five questions to identify USDA disaster assistance programs that might meet your business needs.

Animals

  • Iowa Beef Center Flood-Related Resources

    Source: Iowa State University

    Recent floods and excess water could mean changes to your grazing practices, feed supplies and management practices. Check out this list of resources from the Iowa Beef Center.

  • Cattle Producers Should be Mindful of Foot Rot Following Wet Conditions

    Source: Iowa State University

    Beyond the obvious and immediate challenges of excessive rainfall, wet weather may predispose livestock to a painful infection called foot rot. Foot rot is a bacterial infection of the foot ch

  • Dairy Cattle and Floods

    Source: Washington State University

    Create an emergency plan of action, considering such things as areas of high ground for animal relocation, temporary milking facilities, equipment relocation, and safe pesticide storage.

  • Flood Related Diseases in Poultry and Livestock

    Source: University of Florida

    Basic information on clostridial diseases such as blackleg and anthrax, malignant edema, tetanus, foot rot, mastitis, botulism, brooder pneumonia, and erysipelas.

  • Horse Care and Management Tips for Flooded Areas

    Source: Texas A&M

    Steps to be taken to ensure the safety of horses in pastures following heavy rainfall events.

  • Livestock Health After a Flood

    Source: University of Florida

    Considerations for pastureland, feed and water and disease control after flooding.

  • Wet Weather: Lameness and Mastitis

    Source: South Dakota State University

    Prevention and treatment information for two common ailments for dairy cattle during wet weather conditions are mastitis and lameness.

Crops

  • Delayed and Prevented Planting Decision Tool

    Source: Iowa State University

    Help make decisions about corn and soybeans.

  • Delayed and Prevented Planting Provisions for Multiple Peril Crop Insurance

    Source: Iowa State University

    MPCI policies include a 25-day late planting period. In Iowa, this period begins on the day after the final planting date, that is, June 1 for corn and June 16 for soybeans.

  • Flooded Corn Fields and Diseases

    Source: Iowa State University

    Correct diagnosis of corn diseases; including crazy top, Physoderma brown spot and node rot, Goss’s wilt and bacterial stalk rot can help with disease management options in future years including c

  • Flooding Impacts on Corn Growth & Development

    Source: Iowa State University

    This article will address the impacts of flooding on corn production, a key component of agriculture in Iowa & the Midwest.

  • Flooding Impacts on Soybean Growth & Development

    Source: Iowa State University

    Spring ponding, flooding, and saturated soil conditions can be very problematic for soybean seeds and young plants.

  • Flooding in Vegetable Fields

    Source: Iowa State University

    Contamination concerns for vegetable crops and what to do after flooding occurs.

  • Flooding in Vegetable Fields

    Source: Iowa State University

    Depending upon the severity of flooding growers could experience saturated soils, nutrient leaching, deficiencies, and above all limited oxygen for plant growth.

  • Iowa Flooded Feed Testing

    Source: Iowa State University

    Flood damaged crops must be tested for contaminants before being used for animal feed.

  • Management Considerations for Flooded Soils

    Source: Iowa State University

    Heavy rainfall can have economic and environmental consequences if flooded fields are left barren. Long-term damage to soil needs to be considered when planning for next season's crop.

  • Management Guidance for Flooded Grain

    Source: Iowa State University

    According to current Food and Drug Administration policy, grain inundated by uncontrolled river or stream water is considered adulterated and must be destroyed.

  • Renovating Pastures of Hay Meadows Damaged by Flooding

    Source: Iowa State University

    Planning and management considerations for damaged pastures and hay meadows.

  • Summer Flooding of Hay Fields and Pastures

    Source: Iowa State University

    Management suggestions for flooded forage crops.

Mental Wellness

  • Estrés en la Áreas Agrícolas

    Source: Iowa State University

    El estrés en el campo es real.

  • Stress On the Farm

    Source: Iowa State University

    Stress on the farm is real. Use the farm stress resource guide to help recognize mental health concerns, substance use, and warning signs of suicidal intent.

Food and Water

  • Floods and Water Wells

    Source: Iowa Department of Natural Resources

    Contaminated well water can make you sick. Never consume water from a well if there is any chance the well has been impacted by flood waters.

  • Order a Private Well Water Testing Kit

    Source: State Hygienic Laboratory

    This kit is used to collect a water sample for coliform bacteria and nitrate testing which provides a general indication of the sanitary quality of your drinking water.

  • Well Flooding Guidance

    Source: Iowa Department of Natural Resources

    For wells located in areas that have been flooded or wells with sources influenced by flood waters.

Finance and Insurance

  • Crop Insurance Coverage - Frequently Asked Questions

    Source: Iowa State University

    Iowa State University Extension and Outreach Farm Management Specialists provide expertise regarding crop insurance and adverse events.

  • Flood Damaged Crops, Crop Insurance Payments, and Lease Contracts

    Source: Iowa State University

    Details on crop insurance, potential losses and rental contracts.

  • IDALS Flooding Resources

    Source: Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship

    State and Federal agency links and frequently asked questions.

  • Individual Disaster Assistance Programs

    Source: Iowa Homeland Security and Emergency Management

    List of counties in Iowa with disaster declarations and deadlines for assistance applications.

  • USDA Offers Disaster Assistance to Agricultural Producers in Iowa Impacted by Tornadoes and Flooding

    Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture

    The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has technical and financial assistance available to help farmers and livestock producers recover from these adverse weather events.

Rebuilding

  • Flood Damaged Agricultural Buildings

    Source: University of Minnesota

    Tips for dealing with damaged livestock structures.

General

  • All-Hazards Preparedness for Rural Communities

    Source: The Center for Food Security and Public Health

    The booklet is divided into 4 sections: general preparedness measures, natural disasters hazards, biological emergencies, and manmade or technological threats.  Each section contains an overvi

  • Dealing with Flooding on Your Farm or Ranch

    Source: North Dakota State University

    Resources for oil and fuel cleanup, flooded crops and soils, and livestock impacted by flooding.

  • Flood Recovery Checklists for Farmsteads

    Source: North Dakota State University

    Includes flood recovery checklists for farm buildings, electrical equipment, fuel and oil spills, water systems, flooded or spilled pesticides and fertilizers, flooded grain bins, containment pond

  • Flooding and Your Family

    Source: North Dakota State University

    Guidance on managing various aspects of crisis preparedness and response.

  • Preparación Para Todo Tipo de Peligros para las Comunidades Rurales

    Source: The Center for Food Security and Public Health

    El folleto está dividido en 4 secciones: medidas generales de preparación, peligros de desastres naturales, emergencias biológicas y amenazas tecnológicas o provocadas por el hombre.  Cada sec

Animals

  • Action Items for Emergency Flood Evacuation for a Dairy

    Source: California Dairy Research Foundation

    Emergency evacuation of a dairy is an urgent, complex process.  This checklist helps with that process. 

Preparation

Crops

  • Climate Toolbox

    Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture

    A collection of web tools for visualizing past and projected climate and hydrology of the contiguous United States.

  • Real-Time Soil Moisture Data

    Source: Iowa State University

    At several weather stations across Iowa, the ISU Soil Moisture Network monitors the volumetric soil moisture at the 12-inch, 24-inch, and 50-inch depth. 

General

  • All-Hazards Preparedness for Rural Communities

    Source: The Center for Food Security and Public Health

    The booklet is divided into 4 sections: general preparedness measures, natural disasters hazards, biological emergencies, and manmade or technological threats.  Each section contains an overvi

  • Flooding and Your Family

    Source: North Dakota State University

    Guidance on managing various aspects of crisis preparedness and response.

  • Preparación Para Todo Tipo de Peligros para las Comunidades Rurales

    Source: The Center for Food Security and Public Health

    El folleto está dividido en 4 secciones: medidas generales de preparación, peligros de desastres naturales, emergencias biológicas y amenazas tecnológicas o provocadas por el hombre.  Cada sec

  • Preparing for Flooding in Rural Areas

    Source: North Dakota State University

    As rural communities prepare for potential flooding, taking proactive steps can significantly reduce damage to homes, structures, and livestock.