#248 - July 13, 2013


Volunteer for the Iowa State Fair “WineExperience”

Kids Grape StompThis will be the 5th year that the Iowa State Fair has teamed up with the Iowa Grape & Wine Industry to display our industry to the 1 million+ visitors that come to the Iowa State Fair each year. The Iowa State Fair will run from Thursday, August 8th through Sunday, August 18th this year.
The “WineExperience” includes grape stomping, kids grape activities ,display, vineyard equipment display,wine tasting, music and informational speakers and will again be housed in and around Grandfather’s Barn.The Iowa Wine Growers Association Wine & Cheese Garden is now located under the shade trees to the west of the barn.There will be wine, cheese and live music each evening. Under the shade trees on top of the hill next to Grandfather’s Barn.

All volunteers will receive a free entry and parking pass.   No experience is necessary. There will be three working shifts each day:

1:30p.m.to5:30p.m.     120 shifts left to fill
INTERESTED in having a GOOD TIME and getting in FREE to the Iowa State Fair-
Contact:  Mike White at  mlwhite@iastate.edu or 515-681-7286.
FREE Midwest Wide CLASSIFIEDS for vineyards and wineries at Midwest Wine Press here: http://midwestwinepress.com/classifieds/

Christmas Tree Knives for Hedging, Topping & Skirting

Christmas tree knifeIt is that time of year again. People are starting to contact me about where to buy those Christmas tree shearing knives that I recommend so often. These knives work very well in hedging back bushy vines. Unfortunately, "bushy vines" generally denotes too much vigor and a vine that is out of balance with its crop load and/or environment. Generally speaking, it is better not to cut off excess vegetation unless it causes undue shading of the fruit, hampers other vineyard operations, or significantly reduces airflow through the vineyard.
Hedging, topping or skirting are best done when plant vegetative growth is slowing down (ie…last 2 weeks prior to veraison), but not after veraison. Pruning the canopy back after veraison can have a negative effect on fruit ripening. Trimming back the shoots too early in the season will stimulate lateral shoot growth negating the reason for trimming in the first place. It can become a vicious cycle in over vigorous vineyards.
Topping involves topping the canes at approx. 8-12" above the top wire on vertical shoot positioned (VSP) trellis systems. Skirting involves trimming the canes approximately 12" above the ground on our downward positioned trellis systems and hedging involves trimming back those wild shoots that stick out the sides of the canopy and will not submit to positioning. It is commonly recommended to leave at least 12-15 nodes (leaves) on those shoots with grape clusters and aim toward a total canopy horizontal depth of 2 to 3 leaves. I put together a brief document summarizing these methods of canopy management here: Canopy Management Concepts
I like to use the Christmas tree serrated blade versus the straight steel blade because the serrated blades will stay razor sharp for several years and when they do begin to dull, they are very easy to sharpen. You can buy special sharpeners for serrated blades. The straight steel blades need to be sharpened several times a day under heavy use. These knives normally come with combinations of 10 -18" handles and 12 to 24" blades. They normally cost anywhere from $45 to $70 each. I personally like a handle around 14-18" and a blade around 14-16". The serrated blades are "VERY" sharp. I strongly recommend wearing long pants when using them. Leg protectors can also be purchased for around $30 to $45 each.
Here are several companies that sell Christmas tree shearing knives:
1. Evans Christmas Tree Supplies, Mobile, AL:
2. Forestry Suppliers:
3. Frazer Knoll, Laurel Spring, NC:
4. Kelco Industries, Melbridge, Maine:
5. Northwoods Evergreen:
6. Growers Nursery Supply, Salem, Oregon:
7. Shelton Mfg & Sales, Coon Rapids, MN: 763-433-2854
8. TerraTech, Eugene, Oregon:
9. Forestry Suppliers:
10. Oregon Vineyard Supply:
Video Example: Kinkaid Ridge Winery, 2007 Hedging with a Christmas tree knife, 3.36 min.: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vvu8Ouz0lgQ

2013 Intl. Cold Climate Wine Competition

International cold Climate Woine CompetitionOpen to: Commercial wineries only, 31 different categories
Cost: $40 per entry
Online Registration: Starts Friday, May 17, and closes at11:00 p.m. CST on Thursday, August 1. Pre-registered entries must arrive by 4:30
p.m. on Monday, August 5.
Competition to be held August 16, 2013
Sponsored by: University of Minnesota & the Minnesota Grape Growers Association (MGGA)
Ameilioration: Must adjustment...dilution with water, increasing sugar content,
-iIncreasing acid content, etc…

7-20, 2013 Summer Viticulture Day – Southern IL. University Carbondale

What: "Preparing for the Viticulture Challenges of the Next Decade-Part II"
Why: Our program will feature presentations on increasing profitability of wine growing for owners, managers and technicians from established vineyards and wineries. Attendees will be able to re-evaluate goals, directions and methods of producing and marketing high quality grapes for local wines. Anyone considering or actively planning to establish a vineyard will learn about the costs, returns and problems, solutions and options ahead. Winemaking and harvest decisions that focus on promoting regional identity for wine styles and varieties will also be covered.
When: Saturday, July 20, 2013, 10:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m.
Where: Room 131, Lawson Hall, SIU Carbondale, 1075 Lincoln Drive, Carbondale, IL  62901
To register: Contact the Division of Continuing Education, SIU Carbondale
Phone (618) 536-7751, Fax (618) 453-5680
Registration Fees: (includes 2014 IGGVA Membership):
$285: Commercial Wineries with production over 50,000 gallons
$185: Commercial Wineries with production under 50,000 gallons
$110: Commercial Vineyards with one (1) or more acres
$85: Non-voting Friends of the Industry and Vineyards under one (1) acre
$55: Additional individual affiliated with any of the above organizations (non-voting)
Advance registration closes July 17, 2013. To avoid a late registration fee of $10, register before July 16, 2013.
What: Presentations will be made by viticulture and wine experts and industry panels (experienced growers and wine makers). Invited guest speaker is Fritz Westover, Viticulture Specialist, Technical Program Manager, Vineyard Team, El Atascadero, California. Fritz will cover topics about managing profitable vineyards and production costs. Growers and specialists, cooperating with the IGGVA, Bradley Beam and Brad Taylor and his graduate students will also make presentations.
Featured topics include:
1. Planning for Vineyard Uniformity and Profitability
2. Developing a Market for New Vineyards
3. Are We Marketing Local Wine Identity?
4. Balancing the Economics of Wine Growing
5. Winemaking Approaches that Promote Regional Identity
6. Berry Sensory Analysis to Determine Harvest Time
7. Progress in Vineyard Cover Crop Research
8. Demonstrations and Twilight Supper in Vineyard 5
Note: Registration for this meeting automatically includes membership in IGGVA for 2014.
A grazing lunch and twilight supper and educational materials are included in the registration package.
Baume’: French system for gauging potential alcohol of a wine by measuring must
weight. Used for deciding harvest date. 1° Baumé is approximately 1.8° Brix.

7-(22 &24) Wine Sanitation Workshops – Michigan

7-22-13 Wine Sanitation Workshop, 8:30 a.m. to noon
Where: L. Mawby Winery production facility, 121 4th St. Suttons Bay, MI
Who: Nicholla Hall of Scott Labs & Paul Jenkins of MSU
Cost: $49 for 1st person of winery, $19 for additional winery personnel
7-24-13 Winery Sanitation Workshop, 8:30 a.m. to noon.
Where: Fenn Valley Vineyard & Winery, 6130 122nd Ave., Fennville, MI
Who: Nicholla Hall of Scott Labs & Paul Jenkins of MSU
Cost: $49 for 1st person of winery, $19 for additional winery personnel

7-24, Wine Making Bootcamp – Aviston, IL

Where: Hidden Lake Winery – 10580 Wellen Road , Aviston, IL 62216 ph: 618-228-9111
Who: Bradley Beam – Enology Specialist for the Illinois Grape Growers& Vintners Assn.
Chris Gerling, Enology Extension Specialist – Cornell University
John McClain of McClain Ozone
Topics to include:
Winery Tour with discussion of layout and processing equipment
Review of Cleaning and Sanitation
Ozone Demonstration and Discussion
Planning for harvest from a winemaker’s perspective
Harvest analysis and SO2 demo
Cellar movements – racking, pumping, effective inert gas application
Lunch will be provided
Cost: IGGVA members $10/person, non-members $50 (includes non-voting IGGVA membership enrollment)
Please RSVP: no later than July 19 to bradleybeam@gmail.com . Cash and checks may be brought the day of the event. Make all checks out to IGGVA.

7-28, Minnesota Grape Growers Assn. Annual Picnic – Spring Valley, MN

Minnesota Grape Growers AssociationWhere: Four Daughters Vineyard & Winery 78757 Minnesota 16 Spring Valley, MN  55975
When: 11 a.m. to 3 p.m. Sunday, July 28, 2013
What: Potluck Picnic
Educational Tours – Trellis & Training Options and Homemade Vineyard Equipment

8-(8 or 13), Harvest Time Sensory Workshop – Perryville, MO

What: These workshops will consist of a short presentation about grape physiology with an emphasis on the changes that occur during ripening and an introduction to principles of sampling grapes within the vineyard after eraison. There will everal "hands-on" xperiences during hich you will sample nd evaluate all aspects of the ipening grape…pulp, skins, and seeds. We encourage you to bring grape samples rom your vineyard, ideally picked the same morning, for evaluation.
MU pe and Wine INstitute
8-8: 10:30 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. Thursday, Aug. 8th, 2013
Barrens Winery, Perryville, MO
Perryville Registration: please click here
8-13: 10:30 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. Tuesday, August 13th,
Wellington Registration: please click here.
Cost: $20 each. Lunch is included, please click here.
Snail mail-in registration form: please click here.
Sponsored by: University of Missouri Grape & Wine Institute: http://gwi.missouri.edu/

9-21, USAronia Berry Field Day – Homestead, IA

When: 9 a.m. – 6 p.m. Saturday, 9-21-13
Where: Proverbs Ministries, 1681 U Ave. Homestead, IA
Agenda: Mechanical Harvesting Demos at 10 a.m. , Noon, 2 & 4 p.m.
Keynote Speaker at 1:00 - "Opportunities for Local Food Producers"
Live Christian Music at 2:00
Food, Artisan Vendors all day
Kids Games (proceeds to Local Youth Groups)
Cost: FREE!
Note: Bring your lawn chair and enjoy!
Aronia’s Partners:
Good4U Berries

Neeto-Keeno Stuff

Sempli wine glasses
1. (Right) Sempli’s self swirling wine glasses. $26 each. Ouch! Check them out here: http://sempli.bigcartel.com/product/cupa-vs-wine-glass
3. Napa Valley College " Fundamentals of Enology" Online class documents
4. Journal of Wine Economics, Vol 8. 2013, No. 1:

Notable Quotables

"Since all pesticides are capable of drifting, one who sprays these materials has the moral and legal responsibility to prevent drift and hence, avoid contamination or damaging of crops and sensitive areas."
From: Herbicide drift: How to avoid it, 7-9-13 – Western Farm Press:

Marketing Tidbits

1. Cold Calling 911, Free downloadable eBook:
2. How Millenials Shop Online, 7-10-13 – e-Marketing:

Show n Tell

Kurt and Justin Garretson with elderberry plants
(Left) Joel Garretson- father shared pictures of his son’s Kurt (L) and Justin (R) next to some "Bob Gordon" elderberries planted 14 months ago at their East Grove Farm in Salem, IA.
Joel has been working through the state and federal winery licensing process and plans soon to be producing commercial fruit wines.
Joel was the overall winner of the Iowa Wine Growers Competition that was held in March of this year. 7-9-13
Oxbow Grape Harvester
(Right) I was invited down by Wayne & Chris Peterson of Midwest Grower Supply in Stanberry, MO this Tuesday to sit in on a day of Oxbow (Korvan) Grape Harvester training provided to growers who have or plan to purchase at Oxbow grape harvester in the future. Two Oxbow company representatives from California traveled to Stanberry to provide this training. I found the training very interesting and the food and beverages even better. I want to thank Wayne and Chris for inviting me down.
A lot of time was spent on how to prepare the Oxbow harvester for picking and how to maintain it after the season was over. 7-9-13
After staying overnight in Maryville, MO I called a former VineWine 101 student of mine, Carl Christensen and asked if I could drop by and check out his vineyard. Carl attended a series of these VineWine 101 evening classes I held in 2008 at Clarinda, Iowa. Carl is in the process of trying to retire from the bridge building business and spend more time with family, friends and vineyard. Carl has about 1.4 acres of vineyard where he grows some Concord, Frontenac, LaCrescent, Rougeon, Valvin Muscat and Vignoles. Here are some of the pictures from my visit:
Carl Christensen with VignolesFrontenac on VSP
(Above, Left) Carl at edge of his rows of Vignoles. They had a good clean crop on them. I really liked the metal cultivar signs with row number on them. 7-10-13
(Above, Right) Carl got tired of growing Frontenac on a single highwire and decided to put them on VSP. This picture shows the result of just cutting the truck off at the VSP fruiting wire this spring. Cordons are quickly forming. 7-10-13
 No Drift Zone
(Right) Carl has placed multiple "no spray" drift signs on the corners of his vineyard to ward off herbicide spray drift. He is also on the Drift Watch state registeyr. Still, he was getting phenoxy herbicide hits each year from 3 sides of his vineyard. He is now considering planting a row of shrubs as a buffer. 7-10-13
Valvin MuscatMuscat Spot
(Above, Left) Valvin Muscat planted 1 year ago and trained to a VSP. These plants would be a little too cold sensitive to be safely planted in Iowa. 7-10-13
(Above, Right) "Rupestris Speckle" AKA Muscat Spot on Valvin Muscat leaves. This physiological disorder, typically on the older leaves of Muscat grapes does not seem to cause any harm. 7-10-13
vineyard hit by drift
(Above) This picture is worth a 1,000 words. It is of a vineyard near Maitland, MO. I will not name the owners. This 3.25 acre vineyard planted in 2007 was hit by drift from a neighbor spraying a brush killer mix about ¼ of a mile to the northeast in 2012. Approximately 80% of the vines are dead or severely injured. This has got to be the worst phenoxy herbicide vineyard drift case I have come across in my career! I doubt if these vines ever come back to producing a normal crop. 7-9-13

Articles of Interest

1. CA: Most wineries not prepared for new health care law, 7-8-13 – North Business
2. New "English-Spanish Dictionary for the Wine Industry", 7-9-13 – PRWeb:
3. Three simple steps you need for small business branding, 7-10-13 - 99 Designs:
4. NY Wine and Grape Foundation receives $374,000 in federal dollars, 7-11-12 – MPN
5. UK: Scientists Work On Creating Synthetic Yeasts, 7-11-13 – the drinks business:
6. VT: Organic wines: Pros, cons and a middle path, 7-11-13 - The Mountain Times:
7. Monty Waldin on Biodynamic Wines, 7-12 – Wine Searcher Blog:
8. IA: Japanese Beetles have arrived, late but spotty, 7-12-13 – ISU Extension:

Calendar of Events

7-22, Winery Sanitation Workshop – Suttons Bay, MI. Details here: http://store.chateauchantal.com/store/product/3521/MSU-Workshop-winery-sanitatio/
7-20, Summer Viticulture Field Day - Southern ILL University Carbondale. Details & Registration: https://www.dce.siu.edu
7-24, Winery Sanitation Workshop – Fennville, MI. Details here: http://store.chateauchantal.com/store/product/3522/MSU-Workshop-winery-sanitatio/
7-28, Minnesota Grape Growers Association Annual Picnic – Four Daughters Vineyard & Winery at Spring Valley, MN: http://mngrapegrowers.com/mgga-annual-summer-picnic
7-31 to 8-2, 37th Society of Wine Educators Annual Conference, Renaissance Hotel at Sea World in Orlando, FL: http://www.societyofwineeducators.org/conference
8-12, 2 -7:30 p.m. Fruit and Vegetable Field Day, Horticulture Research Station - Ames. Sponsored in part by PFI and IFVGA. Registration is now open here: http://www.extension.iastate.edu/article/2013-aug-12-fruit-and-vegetable-field-day
8-16, 5th Annual International Cold Climate Wine Competition. Details here: http://mngrapegrowers.com/competition
8-(8-18), Iowa State Fair Wine Experience Exhibit. Volunteer announcement will be sent out in July. http://www.iowastatefair.org/
8-8, Univ. of MO, Harvest Sensory Workshop - Barrens Winery, Perryville, MO Register here: please click here
8-13, Univ. of MO Harvest Sensory Workshop, LaBella Vineyards & Winery, Wellington, MO. Registrater here: please click here.
8-26, Growing Great Fruits at Berry Patch Farm, Nevada, IA. Topics include strawberries, raspberries, apples, and blueberries. Details in PFI Field Day Guide.
9-(7-15), Clay County Fair will have a commercial vine/wine exhibit starting this year. Details later: http://claycountyfair.com/
9-10, U.S. Drinks Conference, Jacob Javits Center – NY, NY. Details: http://www.usdrinksconference.com/
9-21, USAronia Berry Field Day – 1681 U Ave. Homestead, IA. Details: http://www.usaronia.com/content/usaronia-berry-field-day
1-(23 & 24), Iowa Fruit & Vegetable Growers Assn. annual conference – Ankeny, IA. Details later here: http://www.ifvga.org/
2-(4-6), Midwest Grape Growers Conference – St. Charles, MO: Details: http://www.midwestgrape.com/
2-(20-23) Minnesota Grape Growers Conference Cold Climate Conference – St. Paul Minnesota. Details later here: http://mngrapegrowers.com/conference
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Michael L. White - CCA, CPAg, CSW
ISU Extension Viticulture Specialist
909 East 2nd Ave. Suite E, Indianola, IA 50125-2892
ph: 515-961-6237, fax: 6017, cell: 515-681-7286
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A Nation of Wineries
(Above) A Nation of Wineries, 7-5-13- NY Times – Check out interactive map and article here: http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2013/07/07/business/a-nation-of-wineries.html
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