#245 - June 19, 2013


ISU Looking for Assistant Professor in Fruit Production

As many of you may already know, Dr. Paul Domoto will be retiring from a very successful career at Iowa State University at the end of this year. Paul has been our Extension State Fruit Specialist and Researcher covering tree fruits, nuts, viticulture and local foods. Paul has been our lead winegrape researcher and is involved with the research being done by the Northern Grapes Project.
This is an Assistant Professor full time tenure tract position which requires a Ph,D. and relevant experience in horticulture. This position has responsibilities of 60% extension, 25% research and 15% teaching. The deadline for application is 8-1-13 and 1-4-14 is the start date.

6-4-13 Edition of Northern Grape News – now Online

  • Insights from 12 State Baseline Survey
  • Northern Grapes Project Team Profile
-Dr. Jim Luby
- Peter Hempstad
  • The Disease Management Puzzle: Putting the Pieces Together
  • Development of New Cold-Hardy Grape Cultivars at the University of Minnesota
Check it out here:
Northern Grapes Project

Report from last week’s Elderberry Conference – Columbia, MO

On 6-(13-14)-13 I attended the 1st International Elderberry Producer Forum at Columbia, MO. The first day consisted of speakers and vendors at the Stoney Creek Inn in Columbia. The second day consisted of a field day held at Eridu Farm located south of Columbia, MO at Hartsburg. The field day followed 3 days of scientific presentations delivered from people all over the world. There were two large cooperative elderberry growing/processing groups, one from Hungary and one Austria that were present. My guess is that approximately 200 people attended this week long event.
Hippocrates called the Elder trees his "medicine chest"
Elderberries grow all over the world and have been consumed by man for 1,000’s of years. It has not been until the last 30-40 years that it has become the center of an established commercial fruit industry in Eastern Europe. It was not until 1997 that the Mountain Grove Fruit Research station operated by then Missouri State University started to identify and test different elderberry cultivars that would produce here in the Midwest.
Attending this Elderberry conference confirmed what I thought. The potential for a successful commercial elderberry industry in the U.S. is good. We are starting to identify sustainable production, processing and marketing practices. Berry yield will typically range between 2-4 tons per acre and must be handpicked. According to the 2012 "Growing and Marketing Elderberries in Missouri publication (d.), the following fresh trend line berry prices can be expected:
Berries with stems delivered to a winery $0.50/lb.
Pick Your Own Berries $1.25/lb.
De-Stemmed Berries for pie making $3.00/lb.
De-Stemmed Berries delivered to a winery $5.00/lb.
Berries to dietary supplement manufacturers $11.00/lb.
Consumer demand is growing as more people learn about the positive nutritional and medicinal uses for this crop. The berries and flowers can be made into juice, jams, jellies, food colorants, cordials, wines and spirits. The plants can also be sold for production or for ornamental purposes.
Terry Durham, who runs the elderberry farm we toured on Friday has 37 acres of elderberries under cultivation. He, along with other growers formed a marketing cooperative called River Hills Harvest in June of 2011.
Elderberry Resources:
b. Missouri growers seek to elevate the elderberry, 6-26-13 – Fox News: http://www.foxnews.com/leisure/2012/06/26/missouri-growers-seek-to-elevate-elderberry/
c. August 2011 Univ. of Mo Center of Agroforestry Elderberry Market Research Report: http://www.centerforagroforestry.org/profit/elderberrymarketreport.pdf
d. 10-16-12 Growing and Marketing Elderberries in Missouri publication from Univ. of MO. Center of Agroforestry Elderberry: http://extension.missouri.edu/explorepdf/agguides/agroforestry/af1017.pdf
e. Video of Dr. John Brewer of Wydlewood Cellars putting a 5 hr workshop held on 10-26-12 on how to make wine from Elderberry and other fruits. Check it out here at the Center for Agroforestry at the Univ. of MO at Columbia: http://www.centerforagroforestry.org/pubs/workshops.php
f. November 2012 NCSARE workshop video on Elderberry production and marketing held in MO. It involved 5 speakers. Check it out here at the Univ. of Mo Center for Agroforestry: http://www.centerforagroforestry.org/pubs/workshops.php
 Terry Durhamelderberry stem remover
(Above, Left) Terry Durham, operator of Eridu Farm in Hartsburg, MO presents information on elderberry production and marketing. 6-13-13 
(Above, Right) Newly designed elderberry stem remover used by Eridu Farm. Costs approximately $6,500 each. 6-13-13
Elderberry sticks plantedElderberry flower with beetle
(Above, Left) Elderberry sticks planted approx. 2’ apart in the row. 1 ml black plastic is used for weed control. Rows are typically 12 apart with the plants placed 4’ apart in the row. 6-14-13
(Above, Right) Elderberry flower head called a cyme with a beneficial Soldier Beetle on it. 6-14-13
Interested in seeing more? Check out the 64 photos and comments I have placed in my facebook album section HERE.
FREE Midwest Wide CLASSIFIEDS for vineyards and wineries at Midwest Wine Press here:

2013 Intl. Cold Climate Wine Competition

International Cold Climate Wine CompetitionOpen to: Commercial wineries only, 31 different categories
Cost: $40 per entry
Online Registration: Starts Friday, May 17, and closes at 11:00 p.m. CST on Thursday, August 1. Pre-registered entries must arrive by 4:30 p.m. on Monday, August 5.
Competition to be held August 16, 2013
Sponsored by: University of Minnesota & the Minnesota Grape Growers Association (MGGA)
Berry Shatter: aka Coulure (pronounced coo-LYUR) is a potential viticultural hazard that is the result of metabolic reactions to weather conditions that causes a failure of grapes to develop after flowering. In English the word shatter is sometimes used. Coulure is triggered by periods of cold, cloudy, rainy weather or very high out-of-season temperatures. The condition is most often manifested in the spring. It also occurs in vines that have little sugar content in their tissue. Flowers stay closed and are not fertilized. Thus the vines are not pollinated as the grape fails to develop and falls off.

6-22, MGGA Summer Spray Program Seminar – Red Wing, MN

Minnesota Grape Growers AssociationWhen: 10 a.m. to 2 p.m., Saturday June 22, 2013.
9:30 a.m. Registration opens.
Where: Flower Valley Vineyard – 29212 Orchard Rd Red Wing, MN  55066 ph: 651-388-1770
Who: Brian Nelson, Crop Production Services – Galesville, WI
What: - Insecticides, Herbicides and Fungicides used in the vineyard
- Sprayer Calibration
- Leaf Canopy & Thinning
- Proper Sprayer Penetration
Cost: $10 MGGA Members, $25 non-MGGA members

7-1 Deadline – Iowa State Fair Commercial & Amateur Wine Competition

Iowa State FairJuly 1st is the early entry deadline for the Iowa State Fair amateur and commercial wine competition. Late entries can be made from July 2nd to 8th for twice the regular entry fee. Amateur fees are $5 / $10 and the commercial fees are $25 / $50. Amateur entries need to be delivered to the Iowa State Fairgrounds on Saturday, July 22nd. The commercial entries need to the Iowa State Fairgrounds from July 15th -19th. Both competitions are open to only Iowa winemakers.

7th Annual Mid-American Wine Competition

Mid-American Wine Competition
Entry Deadline: June 28, 2013
Competition Dates: July 12, 13, 14, 2013
Cost: $25.00 Food/Wine Pairing Competition per entry
$40.00 Traditional Competition per entry
You may also be interested in knowing about the Food/Wine Pairing portion of the MAWC that was featured last year in the Iowa Ingredient television series from Iowa Public TV. You can check out the 4:13 min. video here: http://www.midamericanwine.org/Pages/videos.aspx
Jacking: Jacking (aka freeze distillation) is freezing wine or hard cider to separate the water from the alcohol

7-13, Iowa Northern Grapes Project Viticulture Field Day

Northern Grapes ProjectWhen: 9 a.m. – 3 p.m. Saturday, July 13, 2013
Time           Location and studies being conducted
8:30 am      Registration at Penoach Vineyard & Winery, 26759 N Ave (US Hwy 169), Adel, IA
9:00 am      Penoach Vineyard tour (Stan and Joanie Olson owners)
Frontenac and Marquette canopy management
Marquette crop load management
(Dylan Rolfes, graduate student)
10:00 am      Hickory Creek Vineyard, 23517 260th Street, Adel (one mile north and ¼ mile east of Penoach, Bill James owner)
La Crescent training systems & Crop Load Management
11:00 am      Travel to Snus Hill Winery, 2183 320th St., Madrid, IA (John & Diane Larson, owners)
12:00 noon    Snus Hill Winery:La Crescent canopy management (Dylan Rolfes)
12:30 pm      Lunch at the winery catered by Hickory Park
1:15 pm       Frontenac training systems & crop load management
2:00 pm      Taste wines made from Minnesota selections in the NE-1020 cultivar trial
(Paul Tabor, Tabor Home Vineyards & Winery)
3:00 pm Adjourn
Comments: A rapid rise in juice pH during maturation coupled with the retaining of high levels of acids, high juice potassium, a different profile of tartaric to malic acid, and "herbaceous" characters have been issues in making wines from cold hardy northern grape cultivars with Vitis riparia parentage. These same characteristics have also been attributed to grapes from overly shaded canopies. The Northern Grapes viticulture team has undertaken studies to determine if cultural practices can improve fruit quality and winemaking potential of Marquette, Frontenac, and La Crescent grapes. Studies being conducted in Iowa include the evaluation of different training systems, canopy management practices to improve light distribution, and crop load management. The field day will tour these trials and you will have the opportunity to taste wine made by Paul Tabor from some Minnesota selections in the NE-1020 cold hardy grape cultivar trial. One of the selections is MN-1220 that the University of Minnesota is considering to name and release.
Registration: Contact Mike White mlwhite@iastate.edu or Ph: 515-681-7286 to register before July 8th.
Cost: $15 each if registered before July 8th, $20 for late registration. Pay at the door.
Note: The Updated Northern Grapes Project Iowa Research Report summaries can be found here: http://viticulture.hort.iastate.edu/research/research.html#northerngrapes

Neeto-Keeno WWW Stuff

1. Homeowners Guide to Fungicides, March 2012 - Univ. of Kentucky Extension, 5pp:
2. Illinois Spray Drift Education Network publication:
3. Wine making instructions when using frozen grapes or juice - Brehm Vineyards –

Reminder to Register for 6-26 MSU Grape Berry Moth Mgt. FREE Webinar

6-26, 12:30 – 1:30 p.m. CST Free Webinar on Grape Berry Moth Management by Dr. Rufus Isaacs, Michigan State University. Pre-registration required: http://store.chateauchantal.com/store/product/3230/MSU-Webinar-GrapeB-Moth/

Marketing Tidbits

3. Wine on tap. Gimmick or game time? 1-17-13 – San Francisco Chronicle: http://www.sfexaminer.com/sanfrancisco/wine-on-tap-gimmick-or-game-time/Content?oid=2319795
4. FREE 7 week Online wine marketing class from baurerhaus design: http://www.bauerhaus.com/sell-more-wine/
5. 5 Steps to Nail Every Media Interview, 6-18-13 – TheBuzzBin: http://www.crttbuzzbin.com/5-steps-to-nail-every-media-interview-step-2-develop-key-messages/

Show n Tell

Grape Tomato Gall
(Left) Grape Tomato Gall picture taken by Pat Wachendorf of Promise Land Winery located south of Guttenberg, IA.
There are several midge flies that can create this type of gall on grapes. The most common being Lasioptera vitis (Osten-Sacken). Very seldom if ever an economic problem.
Learn more about common galls of grapes here: http://www.oardc.ohio-state.edu/grapeipm/grape_tomato_gall.htm
Fireside Winery
(Right) Check out Iowa’s largest wine bottle at Fireside Winery – Marengo, Iowa. It was unveiled on 6-13-13. It stands 13’ 7" tall and weighs 1,820 lbs. I was constructed by Randy Schebbe of RS Welding Studio in Victor, IA.
Check out all the details and other photo’s of this bottle here: http://firesidewinery.blogspot.com/2013/06/fireside-winery-home-to-iowas-largest.html
 Terre Beau WeneryTerre Beau Winery
(Above) I stopped by Terre Beau Winery in Dover, MO last Friday. John Tulipana Jr. and his family converted an old Presbyterian Church that was built in 1858 into a winery in 2007. The chapel area has been converted into an event center. You can view more pictures of this winery & vineyard here in one of my facebook albums HERE: 6-14-13.
Baltimore Bend Vineyards & Winery
(Right) Baltimore Bend Vineyards & Winery is located just a few miles east of Terre Beau Winery on Hwy 24. This winery has both fruit and grapes wines. It is named after a historic ship named the Baltimore that sank in a nearby bend of the Missouri River. You can view more pictures of this winery here in one of my facebook albums HERE: 6-14-13 10
largest Burr Oak Tree in Missouri
(Left) I stopped by the largest Burr Oak Tree in Missouri on my way back home from the elderberry symposium on Friday. It is located southwest of Columbia, MO along the Katy Trail. It measures 90’ tall with a 130’ wide canopy and a 287 cm bole circumference. It is over 350 years old. This tree has its own facebook page HERE. 6-14-13

Videos of Interest

1. MN: Why Minnesota Can Be Called Wine Country, 6-17-13 - CBS TV5, 1:51 min.:
2. Check out the latest Peterson Farm Bros. Kansas Farm video, A Breath of Fresh Air, 2:36 min.:
3. World’s most elaborate wine bottle pourer, 2:25 min.:

Articles of Interest

1. IA: Cedar Ridge Clear Label Wine Awards, 5-20-13 – Midwest Wine Press:
2. Feds approve nutrition labels for wine – 6-9-13 – Santa Rosa Press Democrat:
3. BC: UBC Researchers Discover 23 New Stilbenes in Red Wine, 6-11-13 – the academic
4. NE: Rebuilding of St. Paul winery another hopeful note for Industry in NE , IA, 6-16-13 – Omaha World Herald:

Calendar of Events

6-(24-28), 64th American Society of Enology & Viticulture (ASEV) National Conference, Portola Hotel & Monterey Conference Center – Monterey, CA: http://asev.org/national-conference-2013/
6-26, 12:30 – 1:30 p.m. CST Free Webinar on Grape Berry Moth Management by Dr. Rufus Isaacs, Michigan State University. Pre-registration required: http://store.chateauchantal.com/store/product/3230/MSU-Webinar-GrapeB-Moth/
6-28, Deadline to enter Mid-American Wine Competition to be held July 12 – 14th: http://www.midamericanwine.org
7-(1-8), Deadline for Iowa State Fair Amateur / Commercial Wine competition. 7-1 deadline is $5 / $25 and 7-(2-8) deadline is $10/$50 per entry. Two bottles per entry. In-state only. http://www.iowastatefair.org/competition/categories/
7-13, ISU Extension Northern Grape Project Vineyard Field Day – Adel & Madrid, Iowa. Contact Mike White to register: 515-681-7286 or mlwhite@iastate.edu .
7-28, Minnesota Grape Growers Association Annual Picnic – Four Daughters Vineyard & Winery at Spring Valley, MN. http://mngrapegrowers.com/
7-31 to 8-2, 37th Society of Wine Educators Annual Conference, Renaissance Hotel at Sea World in Orlando, FL: http://www.societyofwineeducators.org/conference
8-12, 2 -7:30 p.m. Fruit and Vegetable Field Day, Horticulture Research Station - Ames. Sponsored in part by PFI and IFVGA. Registration is now open here: http://www.extension.iastate.edu/article/2013-aug-12-fruit-and-vegetable-field-day
8-16, 5th Annual International Cold Climate Wine Competition. Details here: http://mngrapegrowers.com/competition
8-(8-18), Iowa State Fair Wine Experience Exhibit. Volunteer announcement will be sent out in July. http://www.iowastatefair.org/
1-(23 & 24), Iowa Fruit & Vegetable Growers Assn. annual conference – Ankeny, IA. Details later here: http://www.ifvga.org/

EPA WPS – R U in Compliance?

Danger Pesticides sign
Have you applied pesticides in your vineyard within  the last 30 days?
Do you have workers working in your vineyard?
If so, You need to comply with the EPA Worker Protection Standard?
Complete details in Wine Grower News # 234 here:
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Michael L. White - CCA, CPAg, CSW
ISU Extension Viticulture Specialist
909 East 2nd Ave. Suite E, Indianola, IA 50125-2892
ph: 515-961-6237, fax: 6017, cell: 515-681-7286
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Iowa State University does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, age, religion, national origin, sexual orientation, gender identity, genetic information, sex, marital status, disability, or status as a U.S. veteran. Inquiries can be directed to the Director of Equal Opportunity and Compliance, 3280 Beardshear Hall, (515) 294-7612.
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