#234 - March 26, 2013


R U In Compliance with EPA’s Worker Protection Standard?

The Worker Protection Standard for Agricultural Pesticides (WPS) is a regulation issued by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The final rules were completed in 1992 to protect people who use pesticides in the production of agricultural plants on farms, forests, nurseries, and greenhouses. The WPS covers both workers in areas that have been treated with pesticides within the last 30 days and employees who handle pesticides (handlers).
Here are the major actions vineyard owners/employers need to take to comply with the WPS:
1. Pesticide information needs to be posted at an easily seen central location that includes:
a. Facts about each pesticide application that includes. EPA registration #, active ingredient(s), location & description of treated area, time & date of application, and restricted entry intervals (REI).
b. Name, address, and telephone number of the nearest emergency medical facility.
c. EPA WPS Safety Poster
2. Provide decontamination materials so that workers and handlers can wash pesticides and residues from their hands and body that must include:
a. Enough water for routine and emergency whole-body washing and for eye flushing
b. Soap
c. Single-use towels
d. A clean coverall, for use by handlers
These decontamination materials must be within ¼ mile of the employee’s worksite or nearest point of vehicular access. Pesticide handlers must have these decontamination materials at the location where they remove their personal protective equipment (PPE) and at each mixing and loading site.
3. Emergency assistance transportation must be made available to a medical care facility if a worker or handler may have been poisoned or injured. Information must be provided about the pesticide to which the person may have been exposed and that information must be provided to medical personnel. (Tip, most of this information would be on the pesticide label.)
4. Pesticide handlers and workers must be trained every 5 years unless they are licensed certified pesticide applicators:
a. Handlers must be trained before they do any pesticide handling activity.
b. Workers must receive complete WPS training by the 5th day of entering into an area that has been treated or has been under an REI within the last 30 days.
c. Workers must receive basic pesticide safety training before entering into a pesticide treated area:
- Inform them that pesticides may be on plants, soil, irrigation water or drifting from nearby locations.
- Directions and/or signs about pesticide applications.
- Washing before eating, drinking, using chewing gum or tobacco, or using the toilet.
- Wearing clothing that protects the body from pesticide residues.
- Washing/showering with soap and water, shampoo hair and put on clean clothes after work.
- Washing work clothes separately from other clothes before wearing them again.
- Washing immediately in the nearest clean water if pesticides are spilled or sprayed onto the body.
- Told that further training will be provided in 5 days.
Note: This training may be conducted by a licensed certified pesticide applicator or by someone who has completed a train-the-trainer WPS program.
5. Workers must stay out of areas being treated with pesticides and only properly trained and properly equipped handlers are allowed into areas being treated.
6. Workers (including owner and family members) must comply with the Restricted Entry Interval  (REI) information on the pesticide label(s).
Pesticide spray warning sign7. Workers must be notified about pesticide applications either orally and by posting warning signs at entrances to treated areas if the following statement in on the pesticide label:
"Notify workers of the application by  warning them orally and by posting warning signs at entrances to treated areas."
Posted warning signs must be similar to the design (right). These signs may be put up no earlier than 24 hours before the application and must remain during the REI and must be removed before workers enter or within 3 days after the end of the REI.These warning signs must be posted so they can be seen at all normal entrances to treated areas.
8. Personal protective equipment (PPE) must be provided and maintained for handlers and early-entry workers. The PPE that is listed on the pesticide label must be worn.
These are the primary requirements vineyard owners/employers need to do to comply with the Worker Protection Standard. Both organic and conventional pesticides fall within the requirements of the Worker Protection Standard.
Further information can be found here:
1. EPA’s Worker Protection Standard for Pesticides Homepage: http://www.epa.gov/agriculture/twor.html
2. EPA WPS publications : http://www.epa.gov/agriculture/awor.html
3. ISU Extensions Worker Protection Standard Homepage: (EXCELLENT!) http://www.extension.iastate.edu/PME/WorkerProtect.html
4. ISU Extension’s Free Online Worker Protection Standard Train-the-Trainer Course. This is what you need prior to training workers if you do not have a private or commercial pesticide applicators license.: http://www.extension.iastate.edu/WorkerProtection/
The Region 7 EPA office in Lenexa, Kansas has just recently posted a 37 page step-by-step vineyard worker WPS training document I prepared for them and they reviewed. Workers would need to read and understand this document to meet the WPS worker training requirements. This document is currently in English only, but is planned to be put into Spanish soon. You can download this (FREE) pdf document here: http://www.epa.gov/region7/pesticides/pdf/wps_vineyard_training.pdf
Remember, you must hold a current private or commercial certified pesticide applicators license or have taken a Train the Trainer course to be able to use this worker training document in your WPS training program. A certified pesticide applicator would be considered trained and in compliance with the WPS. mlw
Commonly used Commercial sites where one can purchase WPS supplies:
2. Forestry Suppliers: http://www.forestry-suppliers.com
3. Hummert International: http://www.hummert.com/
SWE logo
The next Society of Wine Educators, Certified Specialist of Wine (CSW) exam held on the ISU campus in Ames, Iowa will be from 2-3 p.m. Monday, June 3rd, 2012. (69 days)
Complete information here: http://www.societyofwineeducators.org
Questions: Contact Michael L. White mlwhite@iastate.edu  or 515-681-7286

3-(16 & 30) Using Amigo Oil to delay budbreak - 2 field days

The Nebraska Winery & Grape Growers Association (NWGGA) will host two field day workshops focusing on the benefits of spraying dormant vines with Amigo Oil to delay bud break and thus minimize damage from late spring frost and freeze events
First Field Day: Saturday, March 16th, 9 a.m. – 4 p.m.
Mac’s Creek Winery & Vineyards 43315 Road 757, Lexington, NE 68850
The cost is $10 to cover lunch.
Second Field Day: Saturday, March 30th, 9 a.m. – 4 p.m.
James Arthur Vineyards 2001 West Raymond Road, Raymond, Nebraska 68428 The cost is $10 to cover lunch.
Each day will have a morning classroom session and a hands-on session in the afternoon.
RSVP requested: Jennifer K. Montgomery, Executive Director
Nebraska Winery & Grape Growers Association
jmontgomery@nebraskawines.com or 703-405-4540 cell
FREE Midwest Wide CLASSIFIEDS for vineyards and wineries at Midwest Wine Press here:

4th Annual Experimental Cultivar Wine Tasting! - MO

MO Grape and Wine InstituteFor the fourth vintage in a planned seven-year study to identify new wine grape cultivars that thrive in Missouri AND make excellent wine, the Grape and Wine Institute (GWI) will again conduct its spring workshop during which you will blindly sample 18-20 wines (the whites compared to a "control" Chardonel, and the reds compared to a "control" Chambourcin.)
Even if you are already committed to your grape cultivars (and have no plans of increasing acreage and/or changing grape varieties), we encourage attendance for you to practice critical wine sampling skills whether to describe positive aspects/personal preferences of the wines, or to hone wine fault detection skills.
This year we will hold three events at different times on three different days. We hope by doing so, we will increase attendance.
Monday, March 25, 11 a.m. – 2 p.m.
Tuesday, March 26, 5 p.m. – 8 p.m.
Thursday, March 28, 11 a.m. – 2 p.m.
Where: 107 Ag Engineering Building, University of Missouri - Columbia, MO
Online Registration (fee is $20 and includes a deli buffet).
Pomace: the residue left after grapes are pressed, consisting of skins, seeds, stems and other solids.

4-9, Towards Startup Winery Profitability: When do I Start Making Money and how do I Maximize Sales?

Gregg McConnell, Farm Credit East
Miguel Gomez, Cornell University
Gregg Mcconnell and Miguesl Gomez
Many wineries have been started in the past decade with the dream of making great wine as well as making a return on investment. High capital costs and slow turning inventory often hold back income during the early years. We will discuss what is a reasonable expectation of profitability for a winery based on its size, when can that profit be expected, and perhaps most important, when will that profit turn to cash flow.
Tasting rooms play a key role in the business strategy of wineries in emerging wine regions. We have examined the drivers of overall customer satisfaction in tasting room visits and the impacts of overall 6
satisfaction on tasting room sales. We found that excellent service is the primary driver of customer satisfaction; on average, highly-satisfied customers spend additional $10 and buy one additional wine bottle in comparison to the average tasting room visitor.
Tuesday, April 9th, 2013
Noon Eastern DST (11:00 AM Central)
7:00 PM Eastern DST (6:00 PM Central)
NEW THIS YEAR! We have switched to a different platform, so no longer have space restrictions during webinar sessions. Therefore, once you have registered for one Northern Grapes webinar, you will always receive an email the Friday before the webinar containing the web address (URL) for both webinar sessions as well as connection instructions. If you are receiving this email directly from Chrislyn Particka or Tim Martinson, you have registered for a past webinar and can safely assume you will get the URL and connection instructions.
To Register: Registration is free. Fill out the online form posted at:
Registration will be open through 8am (Eastern) on Friday, April 5th.
Further Northern Grapes Project information is available on-line at http://northerngrapesproject.org/  
The Northern Grapes Project is funded by the USDA’s Specialty Crops Research Initiative Program of the National Institute for Food and Agriculture, Project # 2011-51181-30850
Recordings of past webinars can be found here: http://northerngrapesproject.org/  

4-(4-6), Midwest Aronia Berry Conference

Midwest Arona Association logo
When: Thursday – Saturday, April 4-6 2013
Where: Holiday Inn Northwest 4800 Merle Hay Road, Des Moines, IA 50322
Pre-Registration Deadline: March 13, 2012
Protected Designation of Origin (PDO): the general legal category of officially recognized quality wine regions in the European Union. Officially formed in 1992. These regional PDO’s also cover other foods like cheeses, hams, sausages, seafood, olives, beers, Balsamic vinegar and even regional breads, fruits, raw meats and vegetables

4-6, MGGA Spring Pruning Seminar – Kimball, MN

When: 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. Saturday, April 6th, 2013
Registration starts at 9:30 a.m.
Where: Millner Heritage Vineyard and Winery 32025 Minnesota 15 - Kimball, MN 55353
Who: John & Jenny Thull, University of Minnesota Horticulture Research Center
Cost: $10, Includes lunch and a $2 coupon for wine bottle purchases made that day in the tasting
room! Dress for the outdoors and bring your own pruners if you have them!

4-11, Barrel, Oak and Glass Winery Clinic – Trempealeau, WI

Where: Elmaro Vineyard, Trempealeau, Wisconsin
When: April 11, 2013 Registration at 8:30 am
Who: Open to anyone interested - $20 per student (Limited to first 40 registrants)
Agenda: 9:00 - 9:45 Barrels, types and toasts – Dan Brick
9:45 - 10:30 Selecting the right barrel for your wine – Dan Brick
10:30 - 10 45 Break sponsored by Precision Wine Bottling
10:45 - 11:30 Barrel demonstration: creating and repair - Brick Packaging
11:30 - 12:15 Lunch courtesy of Brick Packaging
12:15 - 1:00 Bottles: What’s the difference? Brick Packaging
1:00 - 1:45 Closures: Selecting the right closure. Brick Packaging
1:45 - 2:30 Preparing wine for bottling – Katie Cook, UMN Enologist
2:30 - 3:00 Break sponsored by Precision Wine Bottling
3:00 - 3:45 Bottling with a mobile unit (hands on activity) Precision Wine Bottling
3:45 –-4:00 Q&A and Goodbyes!
Register: by calling Elmaro Vineyard at 608-534-6456 -Or- sending a check to:
Elmaro Vineyard
N14756 Delaney Road
Trempealeau, WI 54661
Information: Contact Lynita, Todd or Cam at 608-534-6456. 8

4-20, Growing Quality Grapes Workshop – Frontenac, MN

When: 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. Saturday, April 20, 2013
Registration begins at 8:30 AM
Where: Frontenac, Minnesota, Frontenac Sportsman's Community Center
1. Balancing your vines
2. Fertilization for Quality
3. Foliar Fertilization for quality fruit
4. Sun exposure to maximize fruit quality
5. Harvesting and Delivering a high quality crop
Speakers: John Marshall Owner, Great River Vineyard, 35 years experience grower, nurseryman, Larry Shafer: VP Agro-K Corp., 40 years developing foliar fertilization technology.
Cost: $50 plus $40 for each additional person in your party. ($90/couple, $130 for 3 etc.)
Payment: Send a check made out to "GRV" to the following address or call toll-free (877-345-3531) to use a credit card. We take Visa, Mastercard, Discover, American Express.
Great River Vineyard, Nursery, Winery
35680 Highway 61 Boulevard
Lake City, MN 55041
ph: (877) 345-3531 Toll Free
Lodging: Options in Lake City with lake views of Lake Pepin, are-
AmericInn Motel - 877-345-5611
Sunset Motel - 800-945-0192
Alaska Lodge - 800-325-2270

4-(20-22) Wine Sensory Workshop – Michigan State University

When: Registration is now open for the Wine Sensory Workshop on Saturday & Sunday, April 20-21, 2013. Starts at 8:45 a.m. each day
Where: MSU Artisan Distillation Facility, 2000 Merritt Road, East Lansing, MI 48823
Who: Instructor and sommelier Ruth Ryberg.
Cost: $150, for both days. Limited to 30 people.
Sponsored by: VESTA, the MSU Institute of Agricultural Technology, the MSU Fermented Beverage Program, and the Michigan Wine Foundation.

Marketing Tidbits

1. MO: Missouri Wine Girl Gets Social, 3-17-13 – Midwest Wine Press:
2. Free Email Marketing for Wineries 14 page pdf guide:

Notable Quotables

"What wine goes with Captain Crunch?"
"This is one of the disadvantages of wine, it makes a man mistake words for thoughts."
"Wine makes every meal an occasion, every table more elegant, every day more civilized."

Videos of Interest (Pre-pruners in Action)

1. Pellenc Pre-Pruner in Action, 9-14-10: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YbO_Cp-psxE
2. Collard Pre-Pruner in Action, 7-6-08: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xSbYPfe-7wA
3. Gregoire Pre-Pruner in Action, 1-7-11: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HG4gTc2Ys-4
4. Clemens Pre-Pruner in Action, 8-15-12: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=813Oe5-WYEs
5. Prokladema Pre-Pruner in Action, 3-20-12: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=moddwIcQaps
6. Munckhof Pre-Pruner in Action, 12-7-09: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jVCJ3xRhvmw
7. Oxbow Pre-Pruner in Action: 2-7-12: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x0WBRG7Kdc0
8. Spangnola SG Pre-Pruner in Action, 12-8-10: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U4uUrlJdm7I
9. Carone Pre-Pruner in Action, 4-22-11: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mSXVLSpCnMQ
10. Rinieri Hedger & Pre-Pruner in Action, 6-16-10: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5xaQu7ulQpA

Neeto-Keeno WWW Stuff

1. Check out "Mike White’s Pruning & Canopy Management Cheat Sheet" here:
2. South Dakota Extension Commercial Grapes page:

Articles of Interest

1. ND: North Dakota Retail Bill to Help Grape Growers, Wine Industry, 3-20-13 – Valley News
2. MN: New Winery Planned Near Montgomery, 3-22-13 – Le Center Leader:
3. Examining Variations in Grape Phenolic Maturity and Ripeness at Harvest and How It Influences Wine Quality, 3-25-13 – the Academic Wino:

Show n Tell

3-20-13 Good morning Mike –
I just read the latest newsletter and thought I would share some pictures of my Dad’s pruning rake he designed (that’s him in the picture) for the front of our lawnmower last year. I have a small 1 acre vineyard so this works really well for us. It actually has an actuator on it so we can raise it up and down! It has made clean-up much quicker (and easier on our backs). Please share – it looks like many of us have similar ideas! The attached pictures are from last year’s pruning effort (we got sunburned in MARCH!).
I need to also share pics of his homemade airblast sprayer and in-row herbicide sprayer. The airblast sprayer has gone through two full seasons and still no fungus or disease! I’ll have to look for those pictures and send them as well.
Jason Devries, 1 acre vineyard north of Prairie City
Pruning rakePruning rake in action
winter pruning gear
(Left) How to prune grapes in a blizzard. From David Klodd of Annelise vineyard – Indianola, IA 3-24-13
Les Ackerman, Winemaker fo the Year
(Right) Cassie Bott (IWGA board member) found Les Ackerman of Ackerman Winery in his wine cellar on Monday, 3-25-13 and was able to give him his Winemaker of the Year award from the Iowa Wine Growers Association. Les and his wife Linda were just arriving from an overseas trip when the well deserved award was announced at the IWGA annual conference the prior Saturday.
grape pruning workshop
(Left) David Klodd (L) shows a small group of onlookers how he would prune the 4 year old Leon Millot vine in front of him at the Karl & Nicole Wilt vineyard grape pruning workshop held east of Indianola, IA.
David stopped by the pruning workshop was conducting and offered to help. mlw  3-22-13

Calendar of Events

3-(16 & 30), Two Amigo Oil Application Field Days, Nebraska Winery & Grape Growers Association (NWGGA) Questions: Jennifer Montgomery jmontgomery@nebraskawines.com or 703-405-4540 cell
4-(4-6), Midwest Aronia Berry Annual Conference, Des Moines IA: Details: http://midwestaronia.org/
4-(4-6), 10th Annual Spirits Conference & Vendor Expo – Denver, CO. Details: http://www.distilling.com/
4-11, Barrel, Oak and Glass Winery Clinic – Elmaro Vineyard, Trempealeau, WI. Contact Lynita, Todd or Cam at 608-534-6456
4-(16-18), License to Steal – Geneva on the Lake, Ohio. Details here: http://www.nationalwinemarketing.com/
4-20, Growing Quality Grapes Workshop – Frontenac, MN. Contact: John Marshall at: 877-345-3531 Toll Free or grv@mchsi.com or http://www.greatrivervineyard.com
4-(20-22), Wine Sensory Workshop – Michigan State University:
4-(28-30), Wine & Spirits Wholesalers of America 70th Annual Convention & Exposition – Grande Lakes – Orlando, FL: http://www.wswa.org/meetings.php?EventID=10
5-(16-18), Winemaker Magazine Conference - Monterey, CA. Full Details & Registration: http://www.winemakermag.com/conference
6-(9-14), First International Elderberry Symposium at Columbia, MO. Details here: http://muconf.missouri.edu/elderberrysymposium/
6-(24-28), 64th American Society of Enology & Viticulture (ASEV) National Conference, Portola Hotel & Monterey Conference Center – Monterey, CA: http://asev.org/national-conference-2013/
7-31 to 8-2, 37th Society of Wine Educators Annual Conference, Renaissance Hotel at Sea World in Orlando, FL: http://www.societyofwineeducators.org/conference
Iowa Quality Wine Consortium
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Michael L. White - CCA, CPAg, CSW
ISU Extension Viticulture Specialist
909 East 2nd Ave. Suite E, Indianola, IA 50125-2892
ph: 515-961-6237, fax: 6017, cell: 515-681-7286
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When life gets complicated I Wine
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