#229 - February 15, 2013


USDA: Direct Farm Operating & Microloans Available

FSA’s Direct Farm Operating loans are a valuable resource to establish, maintain and strengthen your farm or ranch. Under its direct loan program, FSA loan officers are responsible for every aspect of the loan application process, and funding is provided through Congressional appropriation.
Microloans are direct farm operating loans with a shortened application process and reduced paperwork designed to meet the needs of smaller, non-traditional, and niche type operations. Apprentice and mentorship programs, non-farm business experience, and farm labor experience are acceptable alternative solutions for helping to meet farm experience and managerial requirements.
Operating loans may be used to purchase items such as:
Livestock and feed
Farm equipment
Fuel, farm chemicals, insurance and other operating costs, including family living expenses
Minor improvements or repairs to buildings
Refinance certain farm-related debts, excluding real estate
Operating loan funds cannot be used to finance nonfarm enterprises, including earthworms, exotic birds, tropical fish, dogs or horses used for non-farm purposes (racing, pleasure, show and boarding).
There is no minimum loan amount. The maximum loan amount for a Microloan is $35,000.The maximum loan amount for a Direct Farm Operating Loan is $300,000. There is no down payment requirement.
Contact your local office or USDA Service Center to learn more about these programs and the information you will need for a complete application. You can locate your local FSA office here:

Biggest Ever - Unified Grape & Wine Conference

Initial reports from the Unified Grape & Wine Conference that was held January 29 to 31 in Sacramento, California show that attendance was up 1,000 this year to a new record of 13,400+.
Just under 650 exhibitors and almost 80 presentations were given.
You can now go Online and view many of PowerPoint presentations that were given HERE.

Do You Need a Certified Private Pesticide Applicators License?

There are two classes of pesticides vineyard operators can purchase here in the U.S., "General Use - GU" or "Restricted Use – RU". RU pesticides require the applicator to have a Certified Private Pesticide Applicators License (CPPAL) to purchase and/or apply. The majority of the vineyard pesticides being used in Iowa are GU pesticides.
"Certified private applicator" means a certified applicator who uses or supervises the use of any pesticide which is classified for restricted use on property owned or rented by the applicator or the applicator's employer or, if applied without compensation other than trading of personal services between producers of agricultural commodities, on the property of another person. Iowa Code, Chapter 206.2."
The GU class of pesticides do not require a CPPAL. All of the fungicides used in the vineyard are GU. There are a few insecticides and herbicides that are RU and require a CPPAL. Examples would include:
Herbicides: Gramoxone and Kerb
Having a CPPAL also makes it MUCH easier to comply with the pesticide handler and field worker training mandates of the Environmental Protection Agency’s Worker Protection Standard (EPA WPS) CPPA’s are considered trained and they are qualified to provide the training to field workers and pesticide handlers.
Obtaining a CPPAL requires correctly answering 35 of a 50 question exam (70%) in Iowa and paying $15 for a 3 year license. These requirements vary between states. Private applicators do not need to retest every three years if they attend a 2 hour training session each year. These yearly training sessions cost $20 each during the fall 2012 and winter 2013 training season. Iowa law allows these training sessions to be held from December 1st through April 15th. Those not attending these yearly training sessions need to retest every 3 years and pay the $15 license fee. The Private Applicator Exam Study Guide PAT 001 (214 pp.) can be ordered online for $15 here: https://store.extension.iastate.edu/
The Cooperative Extension Service in each of the States typically provides all the annual training and publications needed for both the commercial and private pesticide applicator training. ISU Extension pesticide applicator training resources can be found Online here: http://www.extension.iastate.edu/pme . This ISU – PME Online site is the #1 source for pesticide training and safety information in Iowa. The Iowa Department of Ag's Pesticide Bureau is the governmental entity that issues the pesticide license and provides scheduled exams throughout the state at no additional charge. Iowa Western Community College and Des Moines Area Community College offers Online testing at their sites for $20. The testing locations and dates can be found here: http://www.iowaagriculture.gov/pesticides.asp
Those of you who may have not attended an Iowa 2012/2013 Fall/Winter Private Pesticide Applicator’s continuing education class yet still have time to attend one of the few classes that remain. The schedule of continuing pesticide education classes can be found here: http://www.extension.iastate.edu/PME/Publications/2012-2013PCIC-DatesLocations.pdf

February 2013 issue of Northern Grapes News now Online

Northern Grapes ProjectIn this issue:
-Herbicide Drift — A Strong Defense is Your Best Offense
-NGP Team Profile: Patricia McManus
-NGP Team Profile: Rebecca Harbut
-VitisGen: Mapping the Way to the Next Generation of Grapes
-Farming for Flavors: Understanding Genetics Underlying Maturity and Flavor Development
-Upcoming Events

2-6, Northern Grapes Symposium Presentations Now Online

The second Northern Grapes Symposium was held on February 6, 2013 in Rochester, NY, in conjunction with the Viticulture 2013 Conference. Click on the following link to download a PDF version of each presentation. http://northerngrapesproject.org/?page_id=206

108 days until next CSW Exam at ISU- Ames, Iowa

SWE logoThe next Society of Wine Educators, Certified Specialist of Wine (CSW) exam held on the ISU campus in Ames, Iowa will be from 2-3 p.m. Monday, June 3rd, 2013. That is only 108 days away! If interested, I would highly encourage you to order the 254 page CSW Study Manual now and start studying ASAP.
The exam consists of 100 multiple choice questions and you need to correctly answer 75% to pass. The exam will cover the following topics:
Physiology of Taste, Wine Composition & Chemistry; Faults; Viticulture & Enology; Labels, Laws & Wine Regions; The U.S. Wine Industry; Wine's Contribution to Health; Wine Etiquette & Service; Food & Wine Pairing; and Responsible Beverage Alcohol Service.
Successful candidates who pass the exam are entitled to use the CSW post-nominal as part of their professional signature. They will also receive a certificate (suitable for framing) and a CSW lapel pin.
Exams are offered throughout the year in numerous locations in both the United States and abroad. Please check the Exam & Seminars calendar for a current list of exam dates and locations.
The Society of Wine Educators is an International educational organization whose mission is to advance grape and wine education through professional development and certification. The organization was founded in 1974. The Society currently offers four levels of certification - the Beverage Specialist Certificate, the Certified Specialist in Wine, the Certified Specialist in Spirits, and the Certified Wine Educator. The Society currently has over 2,200 members in 20 countries.
Complete information here: www.societyofwineeducators.org , or call 202.408.8777.
A phenolic compound found in plants that give grapes a yellow coloration.
FREE Midwest Wide CLASSIFIEDS for vineyards and wineries at Midwest Wine Press here:

3-(8-10), Wine Analysis Workshop – Brainerd, MN

What: Dr. Barry Gump, the VESTA (Viticulture and Enology Science and Technology Alliance) wine analysis instructor, will focus on the chemistry numbers critical to wine making. We can't wait to see what Dr. Gump has to share with us in his "box of chocolates!"
When: 5 to 7 p.m. Friday March 8, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Saturday, March 9 & 8 a.m. to noon, Sunday March 10th
Where: Room E-300, Central Lakes College – Brainerd, MN Schedule and Map to CLC Room E-300 available at the the Brainerd Hotel front desk (Less than a mile).
Workshop fee: $125
Hotel: $52/night + tax Brainerd Hotel & Conference Center (218-829-1441) room block is being held under "Wine Wine Workshop/CLC/VESTA for March 8 & 9, with late checkout available 2 p.m. on Sunday 10th, for your convenience. Breakfast options included in the room price.
Social Time: Friday 3-8, and Saturday 3-9 evenings 5-7 p.m. Feel free to bring wines to share for Happy Gump Hour. Join us Saturday in our hospitality suite, and light appetizers will be served.
Saturday Dinner: $20 (incl.) Salad, Prime Rib dinner with all the fixings, and Chocolate Mousse for dessert March 9th 7 p.m. after appetizers in hospitality suite. Location in the Brainerd Hotel Cafe and dinner will be billed to your room unless advised otherwise. Vegetarian option available upon request, plus cash bar, a wide selection of tap beers, wine by the glass & wine list.
Contact: Dennis Emslie Drummond, VESTA Coordinator at demsliedrummond@clcmn.edu Home Office: 218 828 0311 Cell: 707-738-5312

3-(14-16), Iowa Wine Growers Annual Conference - West Des Moines

Iowa Wine Growers Association logoRegistration is now open for the 2013 IWGA Annual Conference.
The conference will be held March 14 – 16 at the West Des Moines Marriott.
This event offers attendees time to learn, network and have fun with their peers and customers the public.
In addition to the registration form, attached you will find information on a new competition for amateur winemakers. Please spread the word to customers and friends you know that are non- commercial winemakers.
Another event that we would like your help promoting is the Friday night All Iowa Wineries Open House from 7 – 10 p.m. This Iowa wine tasting reception is open to the public. The amateur wine competition results will be announced. Appetizers and live music by Hot Tamale & the Red Hots will add to the fun filled festivities.
Please contact the IWGA offices with questions or to register at 515-262-8323 or 800-383-1682.

3-18, 3-25, 4-8 and 4-29: UMN Winemaker Roundtables

In 2013, the enology lab at the University of Minnesota will be partnering with the Minnesota Farm Winery Association in hosting a series of regional winemaker roundtables aimed at wine-makers currently working for bonded wineries in the state of Minnesota. During these roundtables, each participant will bring 2-3 wine samples (tank or barrel sample) that he or she would like to be critiqued by a panel of his or her peers. We will ensure that all of the tastings are done blind, so that each participant may honestly critique the wines and give ideas as to how each wine may be improved prior to bottling. No winemaker is immune from cellar palate, so this gives him or her the opportunity to have the wine tasted by other professionals.
At the beginning of every session, a quick review of common wine faults will be given as a re-fresher before the wines are served. These roundtable sessions will also serve as an opportunity for the University of Minnesota to present wines from trials at the Horticulture Research Center
Winemakers from bonded wineries in Minnesota are eligible to attend these sessions. Space will be limited to 10 Minnesota winemakers at each session.
Registration Contact: Katy Cook @ cook0278@umn.edu or 952-443-1503

3-(19-20) Local Food Conference – Ames, IA

Lynn Heuss, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture
Producers, consumers, business owners and anyone interested in developing Iowa’s local food system are invited to register for an upcoming conference, "Road Map for Resilience: Empowering Iowa’s Local Food Economy."
The conference, sponsored jointly by the Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture and Iowa State University Extension and Outreach, will take place on March 19-20, 2013, at the ISU Scheman Building.
The conference is open to everyone, from moms who want access to healthier food for their kids, to restaurant and franchise owners, to production farmers and community supported agriculture operators," Heuss said. "Food impacts everyone and we want to have as many voices at the table as possible." Participants will learn the latest about business management, beginning and minority farmers and food incentives such as Farm to School and Farm to Institution. Each session will include four "storytellers" who will share insights from Local Food and Farm Initiative- and Leopold Center-funded projects on local foods.

4-(4-6), Midwest Aronia Berry Conference

Midwest Aronia Association logoWhen: Thursday – Saturday, April 4-6 2013
Where: Holiday Inn Northwest 4800 Merle Hay Road, Des Moines, IA 50322
Pre-Registration Deadline: March 13, 2012
Amercan Distilling Institute

Notable Quotables

"It is estimated that, for every dollar spent at a winery, $4 are spent in that community"
"three companies produce more than half of the wine Americans drink"
From: American Wine, A story of great growth, 2-12-13 – Washington Post:
"U.S. residents now make up the largest wine market in the world, consuming 13 percent of all that's produced globally….. Wine consumption is decreasing in France and Italy, so increasingly foreign producers are aiming for the U.S. market….Overseas wines now account for 35 percent of sales in the U.S."

Show n Tell

Last week I shared some photos of the New York trip I and six others of our ISU Midwest Grape & Wine Industry Institute’s team went on while attending the Viticulture 2013 Conference in Rochester, NY. A huge snow storm hit the New York area just about the time we were to fly back and delayed our return by 2.5 days. This enabled us to visit a few more wineries in the Finger Lake’s region.
A few of the photos from these visits are shown below. All of the photos of the places we visited can be found on my facebook page here: http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=100000304374293
Glenora Wine CellarsFinger Lakes wooden map
(Above, left) Gift/Greeting card display in tasting room at Glenora Wine Cellars in Dundee, NY. Unique sales option for a tasting room.
(Above, right) Wooden wall map of the New York Finger Lakes area hanging on wall at Glenora Wine Cellars.
Hosmer WineryWagner Winery & Brewery
(Above. left) Hosmer Winery on western shore of Cayuga Lake at Ovid, NY
(Above, right) Looking east over Seneca Lake at Wagner Winery & Brewery.
Red Newt WineryWegman's Grocery
(Above, left) Red Newt Winery at Hector, NY. This is one of the 3 wineries who worked together to produce "Tierce" a dry Riesling: that was served at President Obama’s 2nd Inauguration.
(Above, right) Wine "Product" display at Wegman’s grocery in Geneva, NY. Wine "Products" cannot contain more than 6% alcohol and NY state grocery stores cannot sell wine! Go figure!
 A mechanical device to replace hand riddling of sparkling wine bottles as part of the disgorging process.

Marketing Tidbits

1. How small wineries can compete with big ones, 2-13-13 – The Joseph Report:
2. Amigoni Urban Winery in Kansas City, MO now offers custom winemaking in barrels.


1. UC Davis: Ways to save on grape spraying, 1-1-13 – Growing Produce

Neeto-Keeno WWW Stuff

1. Wine Calorie "Infographic" chart: http://winefolly.com/tutorial/wine-nutrition-facts/
2. American Distilling Institute YouTube videos: http://www.youtube.com/AmericanDistilling

Articles of Interest

1. Should under-21 winemaking students be allowed to sip? 2-8-13 – Los Angeles Times:
2. MO: Midwest Soils Could Take Up To Two Years to Recharge, 2-11-13 – Univ. of MO:
3. MN: Nowthen Winery faces showdown with city over hosted events, 2-12-13 MN Star Tribune:
4. IA: New Iowa State University Weather Stations To Monitor Soil Moisture, 2-13-13 – ISU:

Calendar of Events

2-20, The 3rd Annual Sustainable Viticulture Conference at Warren Wilson College, Asheville, NC. View the website at: http://www.GrapeSAVI.org .
2-(21-23), Minnesota Grape Growers Association (MGGA) Cold Climate Conference – Crown Plaza, St. Paul. MN. Details: http://mngrapegrowers.com/conference
2-(21-23), MOSES Organic Farming Conference – La Crosse, WI: http://www.mosesorganic.org/
2-28 to 3-2, 16th Nebraska Winery & Grape Growers Conference, Holiday Inn – Kearney, NE. Details later: http://agronomy.unl.edu/viticulture
3-(5-8), Eastern Winery Exposition at Lancaster County Convention Center & Lancaster Marriott at Penn Square, PA: http://www.easternwineryexposition.com/conference/
3-(8-10), VESTA Wine Analysis Workshop at Central Lakes College – Brainerd, MN. Contact: Dennis Emslie Drummond, VESTA Coordinator at demsliedrummond@clcmn.edu
3-(12-14), Wineries Unlimited at Greater Richmond Convention Center, Richmond, VA: http://www.wineriesunlimited.com/
3-(14-16), Iowa Wine Growers Association Annual Conference at the West Des Moines Mariott. Details later: http://www.iowawinegrowers.org
3-(24-28) UC Davis Wine Executive Program. Complete Information: http://gsm.ucdavis.edu/wine-executive-program
4-(4-6), Midwest Aronia Berry Annual Conference, Des Moines IA: Details: http://midwestaronia.org/
4-(4-6), 10th Annual Spirits Conference & Vendor Expo – Denver, CO. Details: http://www.distilling.com/
4-(16-18), License to Steal – Geneva on the Lake, Ohio. Details here: http://www.nationalwinemarketing.com/
4-(28-30), Wine & Spirits Wholesalers of America 70th Annual Convention & Exposition – Grande Lakes – Orlando, FL: http://www.wswa.org/meetings.php?EventID=10
5-(16-18), Winemaker Magazine Conference - Monterey, CA. Full Details & Registration: http://www.winemakermag.com/conference
6-(9-14), First International Elderberry Symposium at Columbia, MO. Details here: http://muconf.missouri.edu/elderberrysymposium/
6-(24-28), 64th American Society of Enology & Viticulture (ASEV) National Conference, Portola Hotel & Monterey Conference Center – Monterey, CA: http://asev.org/national-conference-2013/
7-31 to 8-2, 37th Society of Wine Educators Annual Conference, Renaissance Hotel at Sea World in Orlando, FL: http://www.societyofwineeducators.org/conference
U.S. Drought Monitor map, Feb 12, 2013
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Past issues archived as html and/or pdf here:
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Michael L. White - CCA, CPAg, CSW
ISU Extension Viticulture Specialist
909 East 2nd Ave. Suite E, Indianola, IA 50125-2892
ph: 515-961-6237, fax: 6017, cell: 515-681-7286
link to Facebooklink to Twitter
Iowa Quality Wine Consortium
Details: http://iowawinegrowers.org/iqwc-program/  
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