#208 - July 13, 2012


‘GR 7’ re-named ‘Geneva Red’

"GR7" grapes, now "Geneva Red"
7-8-12: In 2003, Cornell University released a red wine grape known as ‘GR 7’. The name stood for "Geneva Red" as it was one of a series of red wine grapes (GR 1 to GR 8) from the Geneva Experiment Station to be extensively tested during the 1960s and 1970s. Since it was targeted primarily for blending wine production at the time of its release, it was simply given the official name ‘GR 7’, as it had been known until that time.
Since its release, members of the grape and wine industry have asked for a more marketable name to be applied to ‘GR 7’ because the name ‘GR 7’ causes confusion among consumers not accustomed to abbreviated names, and since even with blends, wineries often list the names of varieties used on the back of the label. In response to the requests we’ve received, we have therefore decided to simply re-name ‘GR 7’ officially as ’Geneva Red’. The United States Tax and Trade Bureau has already approved this name for use on wine labels.
If you have any questions about ‘Geneva Red’, please direct them to Bruce Reisch (viticultural aspects) bruce.reisch@cornell.edu , or to the Wine Analysis Lab (enology) NYSWAL@cornell.edu . If you would like to acquire a license to propagate and sell this Cornell variety, please contact Jessica Lyga JML73@cornell.edu at the Cornell Center for Technology Enterprise Commercialization.

New Phone APP HEAT SAFETY TOOL from OSHA[en Español]

By U.S. Department of Labor (DOL), Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
Android Market linkBlackberry app coming sooniPhone app link
When you're working in the heat, safety comes first. With the OSHA Heat Safety Tool, you have vital safety information available whenever and wherever you need it — right on your mobile phone.
The App allows workers and supervisors to calculate the heat index for their worksite, and, based on the heat index, displays a risk level to outdoor workers. Then, with a simple "click," you can get reminders about the protective measures that should be taken at that risk level to protect workers from heat-related illness—reminders about drinking enough fluids, scheduling rest breaks, planning for and knowing what to do in an emergency, adjusting work operations, gradually building up the workload for new workers, training on heat illness signs and symptoms, and monitoring each other for signs and symptoms of heat-related illness.
Stay informed and safe in the heat, check your risk level.
For more information about safety while working in the heat, see OSHA's heat illness webpage, including new online guidance about using the heat index to protect workers.

Vineyard and Winery Sustainable Online Guides from Washington State

The Washington State wine industry has added the interactive Sustainable Winery Online guide, Winerywise, to the existing online sister project, Vinewise, their Sustainable Vineyard Online guide.
These are designed to help wineries and growers, respectively, develop sustainable practices.
Both the Vinewise and Winerywise Guide has a three step series of self-assessment and evaluation forms for, covering specific sustainable topics. They are:
  • Checklists
  • Self-Assessment Form
  • Action Plan
Winerywise currently includes 9 chapter topics. Intended to be a dynamic Guide, additional topics will be added as needed or identified by the industry.
Energy Efficiency Waste Management Preferred Purchasing
Water Management Staffing, Safety and HR Community Outreach
Education and Research Material Handling Site Development
Vinewise includes 16 topics, but will cover additional topics as needed or identified by the industry.
NEW Topics recently loaded onto Vinewise include:
You can visit Vinewise here: http://www.vinewise.org/
You can visit Winerywise here: http://www.winerywise.org/

7-17, Fruit Project Featured at Carrington Center Field Day – ND

The Northern Hardy Fruit Evaluation Project will be one of the three tours offered during the North Dakota State University Carrington Research Extension Center’s annual field day set for July 17.
Field day events begin at 9 a.m. with a welcome from center director Blaine Schatz and the introduction of guests and speakers. Tours will begin at 9:30 a.m. and 1 p.m. Lunch will be served at noon.
The Northern Hardy Fruit Evaluation Project field tour starts at 9:30 a.m. Kathy Wiederholt, Carrington Research Extension Center fruit project manager, will lead the tour of the center’s fruit orchard. The featured speaker for that tour is Steve Fouch, retired consumer horticulture educator and Juneberry Extension specialist with Michigan State University. Fouch is a co-owner of Jacob's Farm Enterprises, a centennial farm that features a professional corn maze, farm market, U-pick Juneberries, red raspberries and a variety of fruit trees.
A 1 p.m. presentation by Fouch will cover other areas of fruit and vegetable crop production and market development for those interested in developing their own growing and marketing plans for small acreages. Fouch has 32 years’ experience working with farms and families to grow and market fruits and vegetables in western Michigan. 4
The Northern Hardy Fruit Evaluation Project was established in 2006 to introduce and demonstrate alternative, economically viable fruits that will grow in North Dakota. The project features grape, black currant and Juneberry variety trials as well as demonstration plantings of University of Saskatchewan cherries and haskaps; apples; aronia; red, black and white currants; elderberries; gooseberries; honeyberries and plums.
The Carrington Research Extension Center’s livestock and crop tours also begin at 9:30 a.m. A second crop tour will be held after lunch.
Please note that State Highway 281 is under construction for nine miles just south of Carrington. Expect slight delays.
For more information on the fruit, livestock or crop tours that are part of this year’s field day, contact the Carrington Research Extension Center at (701) 652-2951 or visit its website at www.ag.ndsu.edu/CarringtonREC .

7-23, Fruit and Vegetable Field Day – ISU Horticulture Farm, Ames, IA

Dr. Ajay Nair, Extension Vegetable Specialist
A field day highlighting Iowa State University fruit and vegetable research is planned for July 23 at the ISU Horticulture Research Station near Gilbert. Organizers say the field day will be of interest to commercial producers, small-scale growers, master gardeners and home gardeners.
The field day will feature research-based information on a variety of topics including biochar, apple root stocks and training systems, organic production, and high-tunnel fruit and vegetable production. It is scheduled to run from 8:30 a.m. to 3 p.m., giving vegetable and fruit producers ample information to enhance their skills and diversify gardens and acreages.
During the afternoon session a panel of growers, researchers, agriculture professionals and extension personnel will discuss current and future needs of the fruit and vegetable industry in Iowa. Also showcased will be a student-run vegetable enterprise geared towards developing entrepreneurial and business skills. The Department of Horticulture and Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture will partner with the Iowa Fruit and Vegetable Growers Association to sponsor the event.
"We firmly believe that strong grower-researcher collaboration is needed to address ongoing issues and challenges, and develop new ideas for fruit and vegetable research in Iowa," said Ajay Nair, extension vegetable specialist.
The $25 field day registration fee includes lunch, refreshment breaks and abstracts of ongoing research projects. For more details or to register online visit www.aep.iastate.edu/hort . Early registration for the field day is $25 through midnight, July 16. Late registration or at the gate will be $35. To assist with meal and facility planning advance registration is greatly appreciated.

7-28, Vineyard Field Day – Gibbon, NE

A field day will be held at the George Spencer Vineyard near Gibbon, Neb., on Saturday, July 28 at 9 a.m. This field day is hosted by Nebraska Winery and Grape Growers Association (NWGGA) in cooperation with the University of Nebraska Viticulture Program (UNVP) and the Kegleys.
UNL Weed Specialist Lowell Sandell will discuss important aspects of spray technology, and types of sprayers and nozzles will be demonstrated in the morning. In the afternoon, trellis construction, changing trellis systems, layering, vine balance and canopy management will be discussed by UNVP specialists in a "hands-on" fashion so that all participants will be able to gain knowledge about these and related topics.
This field day (lunch included) is free to all NWGGA members thanks to a grant obtained by the
NWGGA from the Nebraska Grape and Winery Board. Non-members may attend for a fee of
$10. Be sure to plan to attend and bring your questions for the experts. The Vineyard is one half mile south of Hwy 30 at 7155 Pawnee Road (east rail crossing in Gibbon). Register with
Growers Representative Kay Miller by email at rdmilfam@starband.net or phone (308) 763-1963 or with UNVP Research Technologist Steve Gamet, sgamet1@unl.edu or (402) 416-9763 by July 25.

ISU Extension and Outreach has put together a resource for dealing with this season’s drought.


Volunteer for the Iowa State Fair "Wine Experience"

Iowa State Fair Grape StompThis will be the 4th year that the Iowa State Fair has teamed up with the Iowa Grape & Wine Industry to display our industry to the 1million+ visitors that come the Iowa State Fair each year. The Iowa State Fair will run from Thursday, August 9th through Sunday, August 19th this year.
The "Wine Experience" includes, grape stomping, kids grape activities, display vineyard, equipment display, wine tasting, music and informational speakers and will again be housed in and around Grandfather’s Barn. "New" this year will be the Iowa Wine Growers Association Wine & Cheese Garden that will be located under the shade trees to the west of the barn. There will be wine, cheese and live music each evening. Under the shade trees on top of the hill next to Grandfather’s Barn.
All volunteers will receive a free entry and parking pass. No experience is necessary. There will be three working shifts each day:
9 a.m. to 1:30 a.m.
1:30 p.m. to 5:30 p.m.
5:30 p.m. to 9 p.m.
INTERESTED in having a GOOD TIME and getting in FREE to the Iowa State Fair. Contact:
Mike White at mlwhite@iastate.edu or 515-681-7286.

Grapevine Moisture Stress & What to do About It

As of this writing, drought conditions across the Midwest continue to increase. Established grape vines can withstand moderate drought conditions without serious consequences. Young vines (1-2) years old, over-cropped vines, vines planted into tight clay soils and diseased vines may not be able to withstand moderate drought conditions.
The grape plants will tell you if they are in a moisture stressed situation. Here are some symptoms to look for:
From: p. 192, Chapter 9 - Grapevine Water Relations and Irrigation, Winegrape Production Guide of Eastern North America.
Observation Slight to Moderate Drought Stress Severe Drought Stress
Tendrils Drooping or wilted Yellow, dried or abscised
Shoot Tips Compressed Aborted
Leaf orientation to mid-day sun Drooping leaves, blades not oriented to receive full sun Leaves curling or dried
Leaf temperature (press between palm & hands or check with infrared thermometer) Warm to touch at mid-day (>100 F) Much greater than 100 F
Leaf color (basal to mid-soot leaves) Grayish green to light green Light green to yellowing
Fruit cluster Berry set may be reduced if stressed during bloom Berries become flaccid if stress oges past veraison
Additional grapevine moisture stress indicators would include nitrogen, magnesium, iron and potassium leaf deficiency symptoms, very short leaf internodes, berry shrivel and berry drop.
My guess is that less than 15% of the vineyards in the upper Midwest have a fully equipped irrigation system that can be turned on during a drought. That leaves the 85% with plan B and C to consider if severe drought stress has occurred or is expected. Plan B would include:
1. Keeping the area under the wire weed free.
2. Keeping the grassed vineyard aisles mowed to reduce the potential evapotranspiration from the vegetative ground cover .
3. Cluster thinning over-cropped vines (subjective judgment here)
4. Lay off the hedging. A grape plant consists of 90% water. There is moisture in those shoots!
5. For those of you with vineyard cultivators, a shallow cultivation of the dry soil will create a granular soil mulch that will stop the capillary movement of soil moisture to the surface. It will also help in covering those cracks in the soil.
6. Synthetic and organic mulches will also reduce soil surface water evaporation and moderate soil temperatures.
Plan C would be:
1. Hauling water to the plants.
Determining the exact amount of water to run through and irrigation system can be difficult at least and complicated at best. Calculations involving daily Potential Evapotranspiration rates (PET), crop coefficients (K), canopy size, irrigation flow rates, irrigation system efficiency, moisture availability in the soil and type of soil are all taken into account. My guess is that those of you with irrigation systems already know all this stuff?  If not, I would suggest reading Dr. Ed Hellman’s Online publication at Texas A & M "Irrigation Scheduling of Grapevines with Evapotranspiration" here: http://winegrapes.tamu.edu/grow/irrigationscheduling.pdf
Back to you water haulers. I doubt if any of you are going to read Dr. Hellman’s publication above. Correct? My guess is that you are going to start seeing signs of moderate to severe drought stress in your vines, say OH (%&^@% ) and start hauling water. Correct?
Here is some basic vineyard water use info that may come in handy while you are spending all that time thinking while watering your vines. A typically vineyard in the upper Midwest requires about 1" inch of rainfall per week during the growing season. An acre inch of water consists of 27,154 gallons. Approximately half of this rainfall is going to the vegetation between the rows. That leaves the other half going to the vines (27,154 / 2 = 13,577 gallons). You also can figure that most sandy loam to clay loam Midwest soils can hold 1.5 to 2.5 inches of plant available water per foot of soil. The rooting depth of your plants will dramatically affect how much of this plant available water is available to them. Main point,…ou don’t have to haul 13,577 gallons of water/acre/week to your vines. Hopefully they are getting some moisture from the soil, early morning dews and maybe some from intermittent rain falls.
I would suggest that you start out with 3-5 gallons of water /plant/dry week and let the plants tell you how they are going. Increase or decrease the amount of water based on the presence or absence of the moisture stress symptoms shown by the plants. Three to five gallons of water per plant in a vineyard with approximately 550 plants/acre = 1,650 to 2,750 gallons per acre. This is doable. mlw
 U.S. Drought Monitor map



Small-Scale Commercial Wine Making School IX

Friday & Saturday, October 19 & 20, 2012
8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Both days.
Where: University of Nebraska Kimmel Education & Research Center, 5995 G Rd. - Nebraska City, NE. This state-of-the-art regional conference facility is located on the grounds of historic Kimmel Orchard and Vine-yard. Visit its site at: http://www.kimmel.unl.edu/
Who: Alan Dillard is the owner/winemaker at Limestone Creek Winery in the Shawnee Hills area of Southern Illinois. He has been growing grapes (viticulture) and making wine (oenology) since 1970.
Cost: $375 per person. (Price includes class materials, Friday lunch and dinner, wine tasting and refreshments, and Saturday lunch.)
Class size is limited to 26. Registrations are accepted on a first-come-first served basis.

VESTA - Fall Course Enrollment Now Open

VESTA logoDon’t miss the perfect chance to broaden your understanding of grape growing and wine making. Online classes are now forming and now is the time to enroll.
Enrollment Deadlines:
August 1 – General Education Courses
August 15 – VESTA Courses

Upcoming Certified Specialist of Wine (CSW) Exam Dates & Sites – Midwest

CSW logo
Here are the upcoming Exam dates and sites for the Certified Specialist of Wine (CSW) certification through the Society of Wine Educators.
8-22 Tassel Ridge Winery – Leighton, IA
9-10 Glazer’s – Overland Park, KS
9-14 Glazer’s – Urbandale, IA
10-24 American Wine School – Chicago, IL

Click here to see all of the dates: https://www.societyofwineeducators.org/exam_select.php?w=csw
Learn more about the CSW program here: http://www.societyofwineeducators.org/csw.php

Notable Quotables

"The average consumer takes only 40 seconds to choose a bottle of wine off the shelf. But how do they decide what to choose?"
From: AU: How to capture a wine consumer in under 40 seconds: public lecture, 7-11-12
Food Processing.com:
Aperitif: A wine that is either drunk by itself (i.e. without food) or before a meal in order to stimulate the appetite.

Marketing Tidbits

1. U.S. wineries uncork Internet innovations, 7-12-12 – Mother Nature News:
2. Wineries can cut costs with free IT, 7-11-12 – Wine & Vines (Excellent info here!):

Neeto-Keeno WWW Stuff

1, USDA’s weekly Fruit & Vegetable Retail price report: http://www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/fvwretail.pdf
2. Check out the NEW updated fruit production resources at the ISU Agricultural Marketing Resource Center (AgMRC) : http://www.agmrc.org/commodities__products/fruits/
3. Iowa’s newest Hobby Beer & Wine Supply Store: http://www.biyhomebrewsupply.com/

Articles of Interest

1. MO: Newest winery operators start to believe, 7-7-12 – News Leader.com:
2. NY: Leveling the winery field: U.S. lawmakers advocate repeal of Canadian wine tariffs, 7-8-12 –
3. Wine Intolerance May Be Experienced By 7 Percent Of Adults, Study Suggests, 7-9-11, Huffington
4. Drinking at Least 3 Glasses of Wine Weekly More Than Halves the Risk of Arthritis, 6-10-12 –
5. Cornell Asks the Industry to Name That Grape, 6-10-12 – New York Cork Report:
6. Women: Drink up for bone and joint health, 7-11-12 -89 WLS Chicago:
7. TTB Implements Changes to Break COLA Logjam, 7-11-12 – Strike & Techel AlcoholicBeverage Law Blog:
8. Wine: how it is served is as important as the wine itself, 7-12-12 – Montreal Gazette:
9. MO: Missouri Governor vetoes liquor bill, 7-12-12 – St Louis Today:
10. Tech tackles wine allergies, 7-13-12 Discovery News:

Videos of Interest

1. Portable Ag Pack Hydro Cooler for fruit lugs:
     The Duck Song 2: 2:36 min: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7jjcAuEYW9M
3. NZ: BDMax Frost Protection: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4oiyfIrXqpE
     BDMax technical data: http://www.bdmax.co.nz/home/article/15
     HortResearch Hawksbay, NZ research on using warmth sprays for frost protection:

Show n Tell

Mars grapes
Hi Mike. My Mars started veraison Saturday July 7, 2012. That's at least 21 days ahead of normal for me. Just thought I'd let you know since I found your articile on heat days in the previous issue very interesting. Thanks for the heads up.
Larry Engbers
Pella, IA

Calendar of Events

7-(15-19), 37th American Society of Enology ASEV-Eastern Section (ASEV-ES) Annual Conference - Traverse City, MI: http://www.asev-es.org/
7-17, Field Day: Northern-Hardy Fruit Evaluation Project at NDSU Carrington Research Extension Center, Carrington, North Dakota. http://www.ag.ndsu.edu/CarringtonREC / 701-652-2951
7-19, International Symposium on Sparkling Wine Production – last day of ASEV-ES Annual Conference, Traverse City, MI: Details: http://www.asev-es.org/
7-(20-22), 2nd Annual Iowa Wine Growers Assn. Bus Tour. MN tour of 5 wineries, 2 breweries, 1 wine festival and the UMN research vineyard and winery. Details coming soon!
7-23, ISU Fruit and Vegetable Field Day – ISU Horticulture Research Station north of Ames, IA. Full details: : http://www.aep.iastate.edu/hort
7-25, MSU 23rd Annual Viticulture Field Day & Steak Cookout – Southwest Michigan Research & Extension Center – Michigan State University: Details: http://agbioresearch.msu.edu/swmrec/news.html
7-(25-26), 2nd North East Vineyard Equipment Show and Demonstration Anthony Road Vineyards, 1020 Anthony Road, Penn Yan, New York 14527 Details: http://blogs.cornell.edu/nnygrapeupdate/2012/06/27/2nd-north-east-vineyard-equipment-show-and-demonstration/
7-(25-27), Society of Wine Educators 30th Annual Conference – San Mateo, CA. Details here: http://www.societyofwineeducators.org/conference.php
7-29, 11 a.m. to 3 p.m. Minnesota Grape Growers Association Annual Picnic – Round Lake Vineyard, 30124 State Hwy 264 Round Lake, MN 56167 Details: http://mngrapegrowers.com/mgga-annual-picnic1
8-16, International Cold Climate Wine Competition, University of MN Continuing Education Conference Center: http://www.mngrapegrowers.com/competition
9-8, 10 a.m. to 1 p.m.UMN Annual Horticulture Research Center Vineyard & Winery open house, 600 Arboretum Dr., Excelsior, MN. Details later.
10-(19 & 20), Small Scale Commercial Wine Making School IX - Nebraska City, NE by Five Rivers RC&D. Details: http://www.nercd.org/council-of-twelve/five-rivers/what-were-doing-five-rivers/
11-28 to 12-1, VitiNord & International Cold Climate Grape and Wine Conference - Neubrandenburg, Germany. Details soon: http://www.vitinord-nb2012.org
1-(29-31)-13, Unified Grape & Wine Consortium at the Sacramento Convention Center, Sacramento, CA http://www.unifiedsymposium.org/
1-31 to 2-2-13, Illinois Vintners & Grape Growers Assn. Conference – Crown Plaza Hotel, Springfield, IL.
2-(7-9)-13, Midwest Grape & Wine Conference & Trade Show – St. Charles, MO Convention Center: Details: http://www.midwestgrapeandwineconference.com/
2-(21-23)-13, Minnesota Grape Growers Association (MGGA) Cold Climate Conference – Crown Plaza, St. Paul. MN. Details: http://mngrapegrowers.com/conference
2-28 to 3-2 – 2013, 16th Nebraska Winery & Grape Growers Conference, Holiday Inn – Kearney, NE
3-(6-7)-13, Eastern Winery Exposition at Lancaster County Convention Center & Lancaster Marriott at Penn Square, PA: http://easternwineryexposition.com/
3-(12-14)-13, Wineries Unlimited at Greater Richmond Convention Center, Richmond, VA: http://www.wineriesunlimited.com/
3-(15 & 16)-13, Iowa Wine Growers Assn. Annual Conference at the West Des Moines Mariott. Details later: http://www.iowawinegrowers.org
Past issues archived as html and/or pdf here:
Iowa’s discussion group about grapes & wine.

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Michael L. White - CCA, CPAg, CSW
ISU Extension Viticulture Specialist
909 East 2nd Ave. Suite E, Indianola, IA 50125-2892
ph: 515-961-6237, fax: 6017, cell: 515-681-7286
Link to Facebook page

Caution! Wine Grower Ahead signMen are like fine wine sign

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