#195 - April 6, 2012


AI3070 - New Fungicide Nozzle from TeeJet

TeeJet Technologies
 TeeJet Technologies has introduced a new air inducted dual orifice spray nozzle for using fungicides on cereal crops. This air inducted nozzle keeps the droplet sizes in the optimum range for good coverage and low drift.
The two spray orifices are set at a 70 degree and 30 degree angle.
(Above) New AI3070 dual orifice fungicide spray nozzles from TeeJet
I know that these nozzles were developed for better coverage when applying to cereal crops. These new nozzles should also be able to improve the coverage for those of you using upright hydraulic booms with nozzles pointed horizontally into the grape canopy.
The AI3070 is offered in six VisiFlo color-coded sizes from -015 to -05 capacities. It is constructed of acetal (polymer) with a recommended operating range of 20-90 psi. The AI3070 tips are easily installed on Quick TeeJet nozzle bodies. The tips are currently available at local TeeJet authorized distributors.
 Further details on these new AI3070 Nozzles can be found here: http://www.teejet.com/media/424970/li-tj134m-r2%20ai3070%20_%20a4_lores.pdf

Aronia Berry Wine – An Option to Consider?

I attended the 2nd annual Midwest Aronia Berry Conference this past Friday & Saturday in Des Moines. I guestimated that there were around 250+ in attendance. The speakers at this year’s conference seemed to focus on mechanical harvesting, marketing, food processing regulations, labor laws, organic certification and a lot of information on the in Vitro and in Vivo research documenting the health benefits of Aronia berries. Aronia berries(native to the Midwest) (aka: Chokeberries) have become known as the Super Berry among health conscious consumers. The berries contain all the good stuff health professionals like to see us consume. The high levels of their anti-oxidants and anthocyanins are not the whole story. Their high phytonutrient levels is increasing their medicinal use for such things as an: anti-inflamatory, enhanced brain function and as ascancer inhibitor. A quick search on the Internet will bring up 100’s of links on the positive health effects Aronia berries.
Randy & Niki Sarvis
(Right) Randy & Niki Sarvis of ChrisaMari Vineyards at Pierre, SD hold a bottle of their Aronia Berry semi-sweet wine. It will be for sale as soon as the label is approved. Randy first froze the berries and pressed them in their basket/bladder press.
Many of the growers as this conference asked me if the wineries would be interested in buying their Aronia berries to make wine. I told them that I knew of several wineries making Aronia berry wine and that the other wineries would probably be interested. I suggested that they take some Aronia berry wine with them when calling on the wineries. A few example Aronia berry wine recipes may also help them make their sale.
Vaughn Pittz
(Left) Vaughn Pittz of Sawmill Hollow Family Farm located at Missouri Valley, IA shows off a bottle of his Aronia berry wine he sells at his farm.
Main Point: There are going to be a whole lot of Aronia berries coming on the market here in the Midwest in the next few years as these plants come into production. Most have been planted over the last 3-5 years. Selling these berries in the form of wine seems like a logical step. This would be good for the grower, the winery and the consumer.
Aronia Berry Wine Recipes:

New - ISU Wage & Benefit Survey for Farm Employers  

Sources of compensation chartMore than 20,000 people make their living each year as full-time employees on Iowa farms. The level and type of wages and benefits they receive vary widely. Both farmers and employees want to be informed about how farm labor is compensated. To assist them, Iowa State University conducted a random survey of large-scale Iowa farms that employed one or more persons full-time in 2011.
The following results describe 251 farm employees who worked at least 1,500 hours on the same farm in 2011, and were not related to the farm operator. Six percent of the employees sampled were female, and 16 percent were born outside of the United States. The average employee had 12.4 years of experience working on a farm, 7.2 of which were with the present employer.
The results of the entire survey can be found here:

Vineyard Frost Prevention / Management Resources

Well it happened. We had some frost in northeast Iowa early Friday morning. I think we all knew that it would happen. The weather was just too nice to last! We are not out of the woods yet. It looks like northern Iowa could be having some more frost scares next week. Here is a list of frost prevention and management resources that may come in handy:
1. John Marshall of Great River Vineyards at Lake City, MN produced an excellent article "Frost Damage Protection for the Small Grower" that was reprinted in Midwest Wine Press back in January that can be read here: http://midwestwinepress.com/2012/01/19/frost-damage-protection-grape-grower/
2. "Understanding & Preventing Freeze Damage in Vineyards", a 108 page publication from the Institute for Continental Climate Viticulture & Enology (ICCVE) is another excellent resource on this subject: http://extension.missouri.edu/publications/DisplayPub.aspx?P=WG1001
3. "Frost Protection in Vineyards" is an excellent 22 minute Online webinar narrated by Dr. Tom Zabadal of Michigan State University here: http://agbioresearch.msu.edu/swmrec/publications/springfreeze/index.htm
4. Methods of Vineyard Frost Protection, Powerpoint by Dr. Paul Domoto, ISU Horticulture, 6-28-06: http://viticulture.hort.iastate.edu/info/06iawgmtg/vineyardfrostprotection.pdf
5. MU Extension Publication WG1001: Understanding and Preventing Freeze Damage in Vineyards – Workshop Proceedings, 88 pp.: http://extension.missouri.edu/publications/DisplayPub.aspx?P=WG1001
6. Vineyard Frost Protection – A guide for Northern Coastal California, 22 pp. : http://sotoyomercd.org/Vineyard-Frost-Protection.pdf
7. Factors Related to Spring Frost Damage: What Are the Options, Dr. Stanley Powell, Michigan State Univ.: http://www.grapes.msu.edu/pdf/cultural/factors-related.pdf
8. Frost Injury, Frost Avoidance, and Frost Protection in the Vineyard, Ed Hellman, Texas Agrilife Extension: http://www.extension.org/pages/31768/frost-injury-frost-avoidance-and-frost-protection-in-the-vineyard
9. Frost Protection in Orchards & Vineyards, USDA – ARS, 20 pp. :http://www.sidney.ars.usda.gov/personnel/pdfs/Frost%20Protection%20in%20Orchards%20and%20Vineyards.pdf
10. The 2002 Grape Growing Season: Lessons for the 21st Century, Dr. Stanley Powell, Michigan State University, 8 pp.: http://grapes.msu.edu/pdf/cultural/frost2002.pdf
11. Freeze Protection Methods for Crops, Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs: http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/facts/85-116.htm
12. Reducing Cold Injury to Grapes Through the Use of Wind Machines, CanAdvance (Canada) 36 pp.: http://www.kcms.ca/pdfs/Final_Wind_Machine_Report_2010.pdf
Critical temperature for grape buds
  • PPT slide provided by Dr. Paul Domoto, ISU Horticulture

4-14, Grape Grafting Clinic – Emporia Kansas

Paul Domoto
When: 9:30 a.m. Saturday April 14, 2012
Where: Emporia High School, Emporia, KS
3302 W. 18th Emporia, KS 66801
Agenda: Two hours of classroom with hands-on at Broken Spoke Vineyard in the afternoon. Techniques for bench grafting, cleft grafting and chip bud grafting will be covered.
Cost: $15 for KGGWA members and $30 for non-members
Pre-registration is requested by contacting: Terry Turner at brokenspokellc@gmail.com

4-14, Integrated Pest Management & Vineyard Mechanization- Farnhamville, IA

When: 9 a.m. Saturday, April 14, 2012 (Registration starts at 8:30 a.m.)
Where: Richard Black’s Roetta BP Vineyard & Studio - 3228 Xenia Avenue, Farnhamville, IA  50538 (2 miles west and 2.5 miles north of Farnhamville, IA)
Who: Wayne and Chris Peterson of Midwest Grower Supply will discuss planning a pest management plan for your vineyard for the upcoming season, and will deliver any chemical orders you may have placed with Midwest Growers Supply.
Cost: $10 for members and $12 for non-members. You are invited to bring a sack lunch, as we will be sampling Iowa wines at the conclusion of the workshop, Feel free to bring a bottle of your own or a commercial Iowa wine to share.
Sponsored by: Northwest Iowa Grape Growers Association
Further info: Norm Lewman, Secretary, Northwest Iowa Grape Growers Association:
Richard Black: 515-467-5574 or rblacka.g@wccta.net

4-21, Spring Management & Pruning Seminar - Chaska, MN

When: 12:30 to 5:00 p.m. Saturday, 4-21-12
Where: University of MN Horticulture Research Center, 600 Arboretum Blvd., Chaska, MN 55318
Who: John & Jenny Thull – Univ. of MN Research Vineyard
Cost: $15 for members, $25 for non-members

4-21, Regional Cooperation of Wineries from Enology to Marketing – Minden, IA

When: 12:30 to 5:00 p.m. Saturday, 4-21-12
Where: Breezy Hills Winery, 31735 Tamarack Rd. Minden, IA 51553 ph: 712-485-2083
Topic: This meeting will include three sessions designed to illustrate how regional cooperation can be beneficial to the wine industry. As we grow our Midwest wine markets and unlock the potential of cold climate grapes, regional cooperation will serve both the industry and the consumer. We will explore how an AVA or regional designation can be maximized through a standardization of wine offerings, enology practices, and cooperative marketing. We will seek to understand the human aspects of terroir, and marketing practices leading to regional wines of a predictable quality, fostering positive consumer expectations and experiences. This will include a report on the process of petitioning for a Loess Hills AVA.
Speakers: Craig Tordsen - Iowa State University (ISU), Value-Added Agriculture Extension
Katie Cook - Enology Project Leader at the Department of Horticultural at the UMN
Dr. Murli Dharmadhikari - Director of the Midwest Grape and Wine Industry Institute
Shirley Frederickson and Warren Johnson - Golden Hills Resource Conservation and Development
Cost: $20 per person, pay at the door
Pre-registration requested by contacting: Ronald Lindblom, VESTA Coordinator: lindblomr@nicc.edu or 563-556-5110, ext. 474. Space is limited to 40 attendees.

6-(7 & 8) Comprehensive Elderberry Workshop & Farm Tour - MO

Topics: The Natural Resource Conservation Service Elderberry Plant Opportunity
What's New in Elderberry Marketing
How Elderberries Get So Healthy: Micro Rhizome Activity
Cultivars: Past, Present, and Your Participation in the Future
Raising Elderberries by the Acre: Preparing for Commercial Production
Figuring the Profitability of Elderberry Crops
River Hills Harvest: Progress of Cooperative Organization
Where: Eridu Farms, 19010 S. Mackie Lane, Hartsburg, MO 65039
Mark Your Calendar: Details later.
Contact Terry Durham 573-999-3034 or info@elderberrylife.com  http://elderberrylife.com/
License to Steal conference

Notable Quotables

"Penicillin cures, but wine makes people happy."
--- Alexander Fleming (1881-1955), the Scottish bacteriologist credited with discovering Penicillin in 1928
"Compromises are for relationships, not wine."
--- Sir Robert Scott Caywood
"Anyone who tries to make you believe that he knows all about wines is obviously a fake."
--- Leon Adams, The Commonsense Book of Wine

Marketing Tidbits

1. GrapeBuddy – 1st mobil APP for wineries to capture winery visitor contact information:

Show n Tell


 85 pictures from the Wisconsin Grape Growers Association Spring Vineyard School that was held on 3-29-12 at Wollersheim Winery at Prairie du Sac, WI http://wigrapes.org/wgga-spring-vineyard-school-2012

Red Solo wine cup
(Right) Red Solo Cup wine glass. Taken from: 30 of the Most Creative / Unique / Ridiculous Wine Glasses, 3-28-12 – Blogyourwine.
balanced head mower
(Above) This picture came in from Mike Switzer of Midwest Vineyard Supply in Decatur, IL. These were his comments:
4-5-12 - I finally figured it out, "balanced" pruning means you use a balanced head mower.
This whole setup, with modifications, (not counting the tractor) cost me less than $1000.
It takes a little over 2 hours to prune an acre in the creeper gear, the tractor says we are moving at 1.5 kph (whatever that is :-) )

Neeto-Keeno WWW Stuff

1. Anonymous Online Alcohol Use Self-Assessment: http://www.howdoyouscore.org/
2. 2012 Grape Day PowerPoint Presentations, Orchard Vineyard Supply (OVS) – Oregon: http://www.ovs.com/_2012_grape_day/index.htm
3. Libation Law Blog: http://www.libationlawblog.com

Articles of Interest

1. OH: Three Tiered System Economically Errational - So Says Ohio Court, 3-28-12 – Libation Law Blog: http://www.libationlawblog.com/libationlawblogcom/2012/3/28/three-tiered-system-economically-irrational-so-says-ohio-cou.html
2. IL: SPOTLIGHT: Illinois has growing wine industry, 3-28-12 – Green Bay Gazette: http://www.greenbaypressgazette.com/usatoday/article/38911197?odyssey=mod|newswell|text|GPG-News|p
3. SD: Northern vintners work to improve wines’ quality, 3-29-12 – CBS News: http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-501363_162-57406237/northern-vintners-work-to-improve-wines-quality/
4. ND: Early grape budding threatens 2012 crop if frost returns, 4-2-12 – GrandForksHerald.com: http://www.grandforksherald.com/event/article/id/233599/
5. IL: Keg Wine Comes to the Midwest, 4-2-12 – Midwest Wine Press: http://midwestwinepress.com/2012/04/02/keg-wine-comes-to-the-midwest/
6. France: Natural extracts against downy mildew, 4-2-12 – Teatro Naturale International. (Summary of research with water extracts of Artemisia, Equisetum, willow cortex and Absinthe at the Institut Français de la Vigne et du Vin (IFV): http://www.teatronaturale.com/article/3435.html
7. Drinking makes you feel sexier: study, 4-4-12 – New Zealand Herald: http://www.nzherald.co.nz/lifestyle/news/article.cfm?c_id=6&objectid=10796620
(Dahhhhhhh! - mlw)
8. France: Natural extracts against downy mildew, 4-2-12 – Teatro Naturale International. Summary of research with water extracts of Artemisia, Equisetum, willow cortex and Absinthe at the Institut Français de la Vigne et du Vin (Ifv): http://www.teatronaturale.com/article/3435.html
9. 2012 Midwest Grape & Winery Conference a Big Success, 4-4-12 – Winedustry News: http://www.wineindustryinsight.com/yourturn.php?id=539

Videos of Interest

1. MN: Wineries Wary About Returning Frosts, 4-2-12 – KSAX T, 1:41 min.: http://ksax.com/article/stories/s2564942.shtml
2. What do Legs in a Wine Mean? 4-3-12 – BlogOurWine.com, 1:13 min.: http://www.blogyourwine.com/2012/04/03/what-do-legs-in-a-wine-mean/
4. Hilarious Dog Video - AAA+ 1.21 min.: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nGeKSiCQkPw
5. 2012 Grape Day PowerPoint Presentations, Orchard Vineyard Supply (OVS) – Oregon: http://www.ovs.com/_2012_grape_day/index.htm

Calendar of Events

4-14, Grape Grafting Clinic – Emporia High School, Emporia Kansas. Contact Terry Turner at brokenspokellc@gmail.com
4-14, 9 a.m. Integrated Pest Management & Vineyard Mechanization- Farnhamville, IA. Sponsored by: Northwest Iowa Grape Growers Association, Contact Norm Lewman, Secretary, Northwest Iowa Grape Growers Association: nwiagrapegrowers@yahoo.com
4-(17-19), License to Steal at the Lodge at Geneva, Ohio. Details here: http://nationalwinemarketing.com/
4-21, Regional Cooperation of Wineries from Enology to Marketing - Breezy Hills Winery, 31735 Tamarack Rd. Minden, IA. Contact: Ronald Lindblom lindblomr@nicc.edu or 563-556-5110
5-28 thru 6-2, French/Italian Mediterranean chartered wine cruise, Washington State Viticulture & Enology Program. Pricing starts at $2,450 per person: http://cahnrsalumni.wsu.edu/cruise/
6-(1-2), WineMaker Magazine Annual Conference, Ithaca, NY. Details: http://www.winemakermag.com/conference
6-5, Missouri Grape Growers Association Annual Field Day. Details later.
6-(7-10), 6th Annual Conference of the American Association of Wine Economists (AAWE), Princeton, New Jersey. Hosted by Princeton University and Rutgers University. Details will be posted at www.wine-economics.org .
6-(8-10), Kothe Distilling Technologies Distillation workshop - Chicago, IL. Cost: $799 each, max of 30 participants
6-(18-22), 63rd American Society for Enology & Viticulture (ASEV) National Conference, Portland Marriott Downtown Waterfront – Portland, OR: http://asev.org/national-conference-2012/
7-(15-19), 37th American Society of Enology ASEV-Eastern Section (ASEV-ES) Annual Conference - Traverse City, MI: http://www.asev-es.org/
7-17, Field Day: Northern-Hardy Fruit Evaluation Project at NDSU Carrington Research Extension Center, Carrington, North Dakota. http://www.ag.ndsu.edu/CarringtonREC/  701-652-2951
9-8, UMN (Tentative) Annual Horticulture Research Center Vineyard & Winery open house, Excelsior, MN. Details later.
Past issues archived as html and/or pdf here:
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Happy Easter
Michael L. White,
ISU Extension Viticulture Specialist
909 East 2nd Ave. Suite E, Indianola, IA 50125-2892
ph: 515-961-6237, fax: 6017, cell: 515-681-7286
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