#186 - December 16, 2011

Get Ready – Iowa VQA labels should start to show up in January

After several years in the making, the Iowa Wine Growers Association’s Iowa Vintner’s Quality Alliance (IVQA) labels are set to debut in January. This program originated with and is sponsored by the Iowa Wine Growers Association (IWGA). The chemical lab testing and sensory evaluations are completed by the ISU Midwest Grape and Wine Industry Institute.

Only wines produced and bottled by Iowa wineries are eligible for participation in the IVQA program. Iowa wineries must first be a member of the IWGA and then pay and additional fee of $250 per year to be an IVQA member. Each IVQA member can submit five wines for IVQA chemical and sensory evaluation. Additional IVQA wine submittals cost $50 each. Chemical and sensory evaluations are completed on a monthly basis. Wine’s that qualify for the IVQA program are awarded a sticker that can be placed on the neck of the bottle. The wineries purchase the stickers though the IWGA at a cost of 4 cents each.

(Above) The Iowa Quality Wine seal on the left is awarded to wine made from a minimum of 75% Iowa grown grapes. The Quality Wine seal on the right may be awarded to wines produced from less than 75% IA grown grapes, other fruits and/or other wine making material, and processed according to IVQA guidelines.

Further information about this program can be found here:

  1. IWGA IVQA program details:
  2. Midwest Grape & Wine Industry Institute IVQA program
    details: http://www.extension.iastate.edu/Wine/projects/IVQA

(Left) Each sensory evaluation booth is well lighted with white & beige background colors. Wines are passed through a sliding door for evaluation. The 20 point UC-Davis wine score card is used to evaluate each wine. IVQA wines must receive a score of 13 or higher.





(Left) Volunteers trained in wine sensory evaluation are used to evaluate the IVQA wines. No talking is allowed during the blind evaluations!

Starting from the back are: Nadia Hetzel (Tassel Ridge Winery), Roger Esser (Cyclone Liquors), Roger Halvorson (Eagles Landing Winery) and Diane Larson (Snus Hill Winery).







Free: Northern Grapes Webinar Series – 2nd Tuesday of Each Month

When: 2nd Tuesday of each month starting in January 2012

Where: On the WWW. Presentations will be archived for later review

This series of monthly, one-hour webinars will cover special topics on growing, producing, and marketing wines made from coldhardy Northern winegrape cultivars. Webinars will feature speakers from the Northeast and Midwest sharing their expertise and recent research on topics essential to cold-climate growers, winemakers, and winery owners.

The webinar format will allow you to view the program over the internet, ask questions, and interact with the speakers from the privacy of your home desktop (Some bandwidth requirements apply). The series will begin with:

Managing Acidity in the Winery
January 10, 2012
12:00 Noon Eastern (11:00 AM Central)
7:00 PM Eastern (6:00 PM Central)

Cold-hardy cultivars such as Frontenac, St. Croix, La Crescent and Marquette are known for retaining acidity at ripeness, and managing it in the winery can present challenges for winemakers. Dr. Murli Dharmadhikari, Enologist and Director of the Midwest Grape and Wine Industry Institute at Iowa State University, and Dr. Anna Katharine Mansfield, assistant professor of enology at Cornell University, will discuss chemical and biological methods for reducing acidity in wines made from Northern cultivars. Dr Tim Martinson, director of the Northern Grapes Project, will provide an orientation to the webinar series, and a brief overview of the USDA-funded Northern Grapes Project.

Registration is free, but required. To attend, please fill out the online registration form posted at:
One week before the webinar, those who register will be sent the web address (URL) for the Adobe Connect session. PLEASE NOTE: Only those who have completed the online registration form will receive connection details to participate in the webinar.

Next Webinar: February 14, 2012. Nuts and Bolts of Canopy Management, with Michael White (Iowa State) and Tim Martinson (Cornell).


Dry Soil Conditions Increase the Risk for Winter Root Injury on Fruit Crops and Other Perennial Plants

Dr. Paul Domoto, ISU Extension fruit specialist

The root systems of perennial plants are much less cold tolerant that the above ground portions of the plants. For the most species we can grow in Iowa, root injury can begin occur when the soil temperature drops below 18 to 15o F. Fortunately, the soil has a tremendous buffering capacity and the temperature in the root zone seldom drops this low, but it can when there is a shortage of soil moisture going into the winter.

Soil moisture is important for the transfer of heat energy in the soil. During the growing season, the soil temperature near the surface is warmer than at the lower depths, and the net movement of energy is from the surface to the lower depths. A moist soil will conduct greater energy downward than a dry soil because much of the pore space between particles is occupied by air and air is a very poor conductor of energy. Also, because of the lack of moisture holding capacity, sandy soils conduct less energy than loamy soils. During the winter, the soil temperature at the lower depths is warmer that near the surface and the net movement of energy is from the lower depths of the soil to the surface where it escapes to the atmosphere. Again, a moist soil will conduct greater energy upward than a dry soil and temperature of the moist soil will be warmer near the surface than the dry soil. If there is snow cover or mulch on the soil surface, it will trap the energy, and the temperature of the soil near the surface will be warmer than an exposed soil.

Therefore, if we continue to go into the winter with a shortage of soil moisture, the potential for winter injury to the roots will remain high. However, for injury to occur, the dry soil conditions would have to be coupled with the lack of snow cover and an extended period of sub-freezing temperatures. So besides hoping for snow cover and a mild winter, measures that can be taken to reduce the risk of winter root injury would include:

  • Irrigating before the ground freezes.
  • Applying a mulch to minimize heat loss from the soil. When applying mulch under trees, some space should be left between the trunk and mulch to reduce the risk of vole damage.
  • Taking measures to aid in trapping snow - allowing the grass to remain tall, installing snow fencing at intervals in the field.


Videos Demo Internet Supply/Demand Tool for Farmers, Markets and Consumers


AMES, Iowa –MarketMaker is an online tool connecting family shoppers with farmers and everyone in between – including restaurants and grocery stores. Take a website tour by viewing recently released videos highlighting everything MarketMaker has available. The videos, created by Iowa State University Extension and Outreach, make it Internet easy to use MarketMaker – just visit www.agmrc.org and click the MarketMaker video link.

Family shoppers can use the MarketMaker website to search for restaurants or places to buy everything from freshly picked or pick-your-own produce, to maple syrup and wine. Farmers can search for farmers’ markets, grocery stores and other outlets to sell their food products. The videos explain in detail how to conduct searches and use the website.

“MarketMaker began as an online database of Illinois businesses and was so successful that now other states have joined the effort,” said Craig Tordsen, Iowa State University Extension specialist. “University of Illinois developed and owns the tool but the multi-state partnership that is able to pool large amounts of food industry data and provide it to the public really adds value to the resource.”

The Iowa MarketMaker website is located at http://ia.marketmaker.uiuc.edu . From there, visitors can search for restaurants, grocery stores, farms and other production facilities across several states. “It’s more than a directory of information because it has interactive features like mapping and search capabilities so users can really target and focus on the data that they need,” Tordsen said.

Each state has a unique site but all the data from other MarketMaker states can be accessed from any state MarketMaker location. The national MarketMaker link at www.agmrc.org , hosted by the national Agricultural Resource Center at Iowa State University, provides a clickable map of the entire United States. Participating states are highlighted, making it easy for users to navigate from state to state or to regionalize their data searches. Iowa farms and businesses can sign up for a free listing by registering on the Iowa MarketMaker website.

“Our goal is to make the site a resource for all farmers and businesses in the food supply chain,” said Tordsen. “We are as interested in helping a grocery store find farm-fresh eggs as we are in helping the farmer find a place to sell them, so it’s important to include as many producers in our database as possible.”

For more information about MarketMaker, contact any member of the development team:

Craig Tordsen, ctordsen@iastate.edu , 515-291-0966
Raymond Hansen, hansenr@iastate.edu , 515-294-3890
Linda Naeve, lnaeve@iastate.edu , 515-294-8946


U.S. Postal Service may be delivering wine and beer in the near future

S 1789 “21st Century Postal Service Act of 2011” introduced in the U.S Senate on November 2nd is a bill to improve, sustain, and transform the United States Postal Service. Section 404 – Shipping of Wine and Beer would allow the Postal Service to ship wine and beer (which private carriers such as FedEx and UPS already do), sent by a licensed winery or brewery in accordance with the laws of the state to which the items are addressed and received. The section would further require that the Postal Service issue regulations providing that wine and beer is mailed directly to a person who is at least 21 years old and presenting a valid, government-issued form of identification at the time of delivery.

Further Info:

  1. 21st Century Postal Service Act of 2011, Senate Committee on Homeland Security & Governmental Affairs:
  2. 21st Century Postal Service Act of 2011, GovTrack.gov:


Results from the Jefferson Cup Invitational Wine Competition Cup Invitational Wine Competition

The 12th annual Jefferson Cup Invitational Wine Competition took place on November 17 and 18, 2011 in Kansas City, Mo. This competition is not open to every winery willing to submit an entrance fee. Rather they select the best of the best, culled from tastings and competitions in America throughout 2011. Invitations to compete in this competition went out to only 500 wineries.

From the over 630 wines, tasted, just under 300 were chosen to receive the "Medal of American Merit," that is wines that were considered representative of their regions and varieties, comparable to a Silver Medal. 152 wines received a Medal of Excellence, equivalent to a Gold Medal. Only 22 wines were chosen to receive the Jefferson Cup.

The Jefferson Cup Invitational was founded in 1999 in honor of Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson fathered our constitution, helped champion the international concept of human rights and was a seminal figure in America’s cultural, culinary (including wine) and agricultural history. The Jefferson Cup is a slightly different type of wine competition in that it honors the best wines from all of America's wine regions.

Two Iowa wineries participated in this event and won the following medals:

Fireside Winery – Marengo, IA
Blu 2009 - Hybrid White Blend - Medal of Excellence
Frontenac - 2009 Hybrid Red Variety - Medal of Merit
Seyval 2010 - Seyval Blanc - Medal of Excellence

Tassel Ridge Winery – Leighton, IA
Catawba Pink - Rose - Medal of Merit
Red, White & Blue - Native Red Varietal - Medal of Merit
Star Spangled White - White Hybrid Varietal - Medal of Merit

Full Results of this competition can be found here: http://thejeffersoncup.com/
The Nov. 21, 2011 Press Release: http://thejeffersoncup.com/pages/2011%20Press%20Release.pdf

Best of all, this year’s Jefferson Cup coincided with our seventh annual fundraiser for AngelFlight Central, a charity that gives support for private pilots offering travel to people in medical emergencies. The Jefferson Cup fundraisers raised more than $90,000 for Angel Flight this year.


Reminder - 26th Annual Kansas Grape Growers and Winemakers Conference

When: Friday & Saturday, January 6 & 7th, 2012

Where: Holiday Inn Holidome – Topeka, KS
Cost: Conference Registration - $85 (Registration Deadline Extended to Dec. 27th.)
Friday Wine Judging Buffet - $20
Saturday Reception & Banquet - $50
Sponsored by: Kansas Grape Growers and Winemakers Association
Full Details: http://kansasgrapesandwines.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=99&Itemid=169
Contact Person: Mike Steinert at steinmic@ksmail.net


Direct to Consumer Wine Symposium – San Francisco, CA

The Direct to Consumer Wine Symposium is the wine industry's premier summit on direct wine marketing and sales. Past symposia have attracted a standing room only crowd of more than 400 attendees, a sold-out trade show, as well as guests and speakers from across the United States. This Symposium draws an ever larger group of vintners, winery associations and suppliers willing to share strategies and tactics that help wineries grow their businesses.

This is the national wine industry’s only annual conference on direct marketing and sales -- a must-attend event for every level in the company, and the only summit organized by vintners, for vintners.

When: January 18-19, 2012
Where: Stanford Court Hotel - San Francisco, CA
List of 30 sponsors: http://www.dtcwinesymposium.com/sponsors.html
Cost: Wednesday Evening Social Mixer and Presentation ONLY: $75
Thursday Symposium: $395
Wednesday Mixer plus Thursday Symposium: $470
Full Details & Registration: http://www.dtcwinesymposium.com/registration.html


Midwest Grape & Wine Conference Early Bird Registration Ends Dec 31

What: 27th Midwest Grape & Wine Conference and Trade Show
When: Conference: February 9-12, 2012 and Trade Show: February 10-11, 2012
Where: St. Charles Convention Center, St. Charles, MO
Full Details & Registration: http://www.midwestgrapeandwineconference.com/

FYI: A Noiret wine from Two Saints Winery – St. Charles, IA was selected to be served at the Wine & Dine held at this event on February 11, 2012.


MN Cold Climate Conference Early Bird Registration Ends Dec. 31

Complete Details Here: http://mngrapegrowers.com/conference


UC Davis Wine Executive Program

When: March 26-29, 2012
Where: Maurice J. Gallagher Jr. Hall, UC Davis, Davis California
Cost: $4,400 for full four-day program including Monday morning Boot Camp
($200 discount if you register by 1-27-12) $3,900 for program without Boot Camp (Monday afternoon - Thursday)
($200 discount if you register by 1-27-12)

More than 580 industry professionals from around the world and every facet of the business have benefitted from the new knowledge, best practices and valuable connections gained in the UC Davis Wine Executive Program.

Full details: http://www.wineexecutiveprogram.com/


2012 World’s Largest Competition for Hobby Winemakers

WineMaker International Amateur Wine Competition is the largest event of its kind in the world. Entries were received from all 50 American states, 8 Canadian provinces and 6 different countries for the 2011 competition resulting in a total of 4,235 wines entered. All entrants receive their judging notes back along with a list of the medal-winning wines.

Deadline for entries: 3-16-12. All entrants will receive their judging notes back along with a list of the medal-winning wines. And you might even win a medal or two!

Details here: http://www.winemakermag.com/competition


Comments from Readers

12-15-11 Dear Michael,

Thank you. I have signed up for this webinar. I have had some problems in the past with enough bandwidth on other webinars offered through "American Fruitgrowers", so I hope I can join in on this one because >Acidity is a problem for us.

Also, I want to thank you for your monthly newsletter...I have learned equal to another college degree from you!

Best Regards, M.J.A. Manchester, Iowa


Notable Quotables

  1. "The least efficient scenario was driving a car straight to the winery, which resulted in 80 times the emissions”
    From: Planes, Trains, and Automobiles: Examining the Energy and Carbon Footprint of Wine Distribution in the United States, 12-2-11 - The Academic Wino
  2. “The fact that the Australian Wine Research Institute researches have sequenced the Brettanomyces genome is, potentially, the single most important piece of news to hit the wine world since it was discovered that malolactic fermentation could be controlled.”
    From: The Single Most Important Piece Of Wine News In Decades Is…, 12-2-11 – 1Winedude.com
  3. “When fed the stems, seeds and skins that were left over from making red wine, material known as grape marc, the methane emissions from dairy cows dropped by 20 per cent.” From: Gone with the wind study finds cows fed wine dregs emit less methane, 12-8-11 – Brisbane News
  4. The original, and now continuing, rule is that “organic wines” may not include any added sulfites. None. This is similar to regulations for other organic products which also ban the addition of sulfite.
    From: “Strong Victory for Organic Winemakers” is a Loss for Consumers and Common Sense” , 12-9-11 – Norcal Wine


Marketing Tidbits

  1. According to the recently released Epsilon Targeting 2011 Channel Preference Study direct mail continues to deliver as consumers' preferred means of receiving marketing messages from brands.


    The 2011 study highlights the latest national survey results from Epsilon Targeting on preferred communications channels for consumers to receive marketing messages. Survey results show direct mail continues to serve as the channel of choice and most trusted for receipt of marketing information in many categories.

    There is much more to this study then just the table above. Suggest reading more here:
    From: But Wait, The USPS is Still Preferred for Direct Mail, 12-14-11, Center for Media Research:
  2. 3 Reasons Your Winery Needs a Mobile Website, 12-5-11 – Vin65:


Articles of Interest

  1. Biodynamics should be promoted, debate audience decides, 12-2-11 – Decanter.com: http://www.decanter.com/news/wine-news/529559/biodynamics-should-be-promoted-debate-audience-decides
  2. IL: The Beauty of Barley Wine, 12-4-11 – The Chicago Tribune:
  3. Petite Amie Wine Romances Midwest Winemakers, 12-7-11 – Midwest Wine Press: http://midwestwinepress.com/2011/12/07/petite-amie-wine-romances-midwest-winemakers/
  4. Why do we get hangovers? 12-9-11 - New World Winemaker:
  5. IA: New shop opens for home vintners, brewers, 12-10-11 - WCF Courier.com: http://wcfcourier.com/lifestyles/new-shop-opens-for-home-vintners-brewers/article_66fbf0ea-3a4b-55cf-9677-1e0a78b920f6.html
  6. MI: Honey wine business creating a buzz in downtown Montague, 12-12-11, Muskegon Chronicle: http://www.mlive.com/business/west-michigan/index.ssf/2011/12/honey_wine_business_may_be_buz.html
  7. Endowment Funding Spurs Innovation in Grape and Wine Research and Education at Cornell, 12-13-11 - Cornell University:
  8. MN: Four Daughters Vineyard & Winery to open Dec. 15, 12-13-11 – Spring Valley Tribune: http://www.hometown-pages.com/main.asp?Search=1&ArticleID=40788&SectionID=11&SubSectionID=94&S=1
  9. Allergenic Egg White Proteins in Wine: New Methods Detect Measurable Amounts in Finished Wine, 12-14-11 – The Academic Wino:
  10. TX: Vineyard not required: micro winery opens in College Station, 12-15-11 – The Eagle.com:


Show n Tell

12-7-11 – (Left) Jamie Busch-Upah (Manager of John Ernest Winery – Tama, IA) won first place in the Iowa Farm Bureau Federation’s (IFBF) young farmer discussion meet, held Dec. 7 during the IFBF annual meeting in Des Moines. She will represent Iowa at the national discussion meet held at the American Farm Bureau annual meeting in January. You can read the entire article here.



(Above) On December 6th and 8th, the senior ISU Chemical & Biological Engineering class divided into nine project groups and presented their recommendations to Broadbent Distillery – Norwalk, IA. John Broadbent Sr. and John Broadbent Jr. viewed each presentation, asked questions and helped to grade each group for the content and presentation of each group. Each group suggested ways to improve the efficiency and safety of the distillery. Marketing recommendations were also given.

This project started when John Broadbent Sr. met with the class on campus on 10-25-11 (see WGN #183) to showcase his distillery to the students and answer their many questions. The students toured the distillery on November 1st (see WGN #184). Both the Broadbent’s and the students learned a lot from this project.

I want to thank the Broadbent’s for giving the students a “Real World” project to work with. I also want to thank the students for doing such a good job. mlw

(Left) I stopped by to visit with John Broadbent Sr. on Monday, Dec. 12th to discuss his final thoughts about the ISU senior class project. He enjoyed participating in the project and was still in the process of reading all of the nine proposals.

This picture shows the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) binder he had just completed for his distillery. This was one of the primary safety suggestions recommended by the students.




Neeto-Keeno WWW Stuff

1. Consumption of tea, coffee, wines, distilled spirits, and malt liquors in the United States, per capita of population, 1870 to 1898. From p. 723 in the Year Book of the U.S. Department of Agriculture - 1898.

Year Ending 6-30 Tea/lbs. Coffee/lbs Wines/gals. Distilled Spirits/gals. Malt (Beer) Liquors/gals.
1870 1.10 6.00 0.32 2.07 5.31
1898 0.91 11.45 0.28 1.10 15.64
Current 0.70 (b) 9.2 (b) 2.54 (c) 1.40 (d) 28.9 (e)

Chartsbin- 2010 per capita consumption
Wikipedia - 2009 per capita consumption
The Wine Institute - 2010 per capita consumption
Distilled Spirits Council – 2009 per capita consumption
U.S. Beer Institute – 2010 per capita consumption for 21+ yrs. of age

2. Sonor Wines - Musician Markus Bachmann brings wine and music together in a completely new way. Rather than waiting until the wine has fermented, music is introduced to the wine at the barrel stage. Bachmann inserts a tiny speaker into the barrel and exposes the fermenting grape juice to either classical, jazz, electronic, pop or rock. The fermenting grapes then react to the sound waves, moving the yeast around and allowing it to absorb more sugar.

Further info:

  1. 12-10-11 National Public Radio podcast: http://splendidtable.publicradio.org/listings/111210/
    Article about Sonar Wines: http://www.regularwino.com/articles/sonor-wines-say-music-makes-wine-taste-better/


Videos of Interest

  1. Wine E-Commerce versus Retail, 12-8-11 - Fox Business News, 5:27 min:
  2. Ardon Creek Vineyard & Winery – Letts, IA was on RFD-TV Wednesday evening of 12-14-11 and the episode will appear again on Sunday evening 12-18-11 at 10:30 pm. If you don't get this channel, you can check your local PBS listings for the program America's Heartland. Look for episode #715.

You can also view the episode at www.americasheartland.org . Episode 715. Under the scrolling pictures, click on Number 1 and watch video.


Calendar of Events

1-(5-7), Great Plains Fruit & Vegetable Growers Conference, Fulkerson Conference Center, Missouri Western State University, 4525 Downs Drive, St. Joseph, MO: http://www.greatplainsgrowers.org/

1-(6-7), Kansas Grape Growers & Winemakers Annual Conference, Topeka, KS. Details here: http://kansasgrapesandwines.com/

1-(15-17), WI Fresh Fruit & Vegetable Conference - The Wilderness Resort, Wisconsin Dells. Details: http://wigrapes.org/events-schedule

1-(18-19), Direct to Consumer Wine Symposium – San Francisco, CA. Full Details & Registration: http://www.dtcwinesymposium.com/registration.html

1-(24-26), Unified Grape & Wine Symposium, Sacramento Convention Center • Sacramento, CA. Details here: http://www.unifiedsymposium.org/

2-(2-4), Illinois Grape Growers & Vintners Association (IGGVA) Annual Conference – Crown Plaza Hotel, Springfield, IL. Details here: http://www.illinoiswine.org/conference.html

2-(9-12), 27th Midwest Grape & Wine Conference and Trade Show - St. Charles Convention Center, St. Charles, MO. Full Details & Registration: http://www.midwestgrapeandwineconference.com/

2-(23-25), Minnesota Grape Growers Association’s Cold Climate Conference - Crown Plaza, St. Paul, MN. Details here: http://mngrapegrowers.com/conference

3-(1-3), Nebraska Winery & Grape Growers Forum - Holiday Inn, Kearney, NE. http://agronomy.unl.edu/viticulture

3-(16 & 17), Iowa Wine Growers Association’s Annual Conference – Hotel at Kirkwood, Kirkwood Community College, Cedar Rapids, IA. Details later here: http://www.iowawinegrowers.org

3-(26-29), UC Davis Wine Executive Program, Maurice J. Gallagher Jr. - Hall, Davis, CA. Details: http://www.wineexecutiveprogram.com/

3-(27-29), Wineries Unlimited, Greater Richmond Convention Center, Richmond, VA. Details here: http://www.wineriesunlimited.com/

4-(17-19), License to Steal at the Lodge at Geneva, Ohio. Details here: http://nationalwinemarketing.com/

6-(1-2), WineMaker Magazine Annual Conference, Ithaca, NY.
Details: http://www.winemakermag.com/conference

5-28 thru 6-2, French/Italian Mediterranean chartered wine cruise, Washington State Viticulture & Enology Program. Pricing starts at $2,450 per person: http://cahnrsalumni.wsu.edu/cruise/

6-(7-10), 6th Annual Conference of the American Association of Wine Economists (AAWE), Princeton, New Jersey. Hosted by Princeton University and Rutgers University. Details will be posted at www.wine-economics.org .

6-(18-22), 63rd American Society for Enology & Viticulture (ASEV) National Conference, Portland Marriott Downtown Waterfront – Portland, OR: http://asev.org/national-conference-2012/

7-(15-19), 37th American Society of EnologyASEV-Eastern Section (ASEV-ES) Annual Conference - Traverse City, MI: mhttp://www.asev-es.org/


Total Circulation of 1,350+ recipients in AZ, CA, CO, FL, OH, IA, IN, IL, KS, KY, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NM, NV, NY, OK, OR, PA, SD, VA, VT, WA, WA DC, WI, Australia, Canada, Israel, Norway, Pakistan & Turkey

Michael L. White
ISU Extension Viticulture Specialist
909 East 2nd Ave. Suite E, Indianola, IA 50125-2892
ph: 515-961-6237, fax: 6017, cell: 515-681-7286

Iowa State University does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, age, religion, national origin, sexual orientation, gender identity, genetic information, sex, marital status, disability, or status as a U.S. veteran. Inquiries can be directed to the Director of Equal Opportunity and Compliance, 3280 Beardshear Hall, (515) 294-7612.

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