#175 - July 15, 2011

2011 Mid-American Wine Competition Results Now Online

The 2011 Mid-American Wine Competition was held July 8-10, 2011 on the Des Moines Area Community College Campus (DMACC) in Ankeny, Iowa and focused only on the wines of the Midwest. The competition was open only to commercial wineries of Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, and Wisconsin.

The Chief Judge for the Mid-American Wine Competition is noted wine expert and veteran wine judge, Doug Frost of Kansas City. Frost is one of only three people in the world to earn the title of both Master of Wine and Master Sommelier. The Competition director is Bob Foster, founder and first director of the San Diego National Competition. Foster has been a wine judge and competition director for over 25 years.

Not that anybody would be counting,…but by my count this is the number of medals given to wineries in the following states by category:

State Gold Silver Bronze # of Wineries
IA 21 73 69 31
Il 1 2 6 4
IN 5 14 8 3
KS 2 5 10 3
KY 3 2 8 5
MI 12 0 6 3
MN 1 7 9 3
MO 17 40 24 13
NE 6 8 2 5
OH 1 0 1 1
OK 1 0 0 1
SD 4 1 5 1
TN 1 2 4 1
WI 5 9 1 1
Total 80 (20%) 163 (41%) 153 (39%) 75

Additional awards were given in the Sweepstakes division, for labels and for food pairing.
Complete results of the completion can be found here: http://www.midamericanwine.org/


Sudden Dieback

“My vines were just fine and all of a sudden they just wilted.” Comments similar to this have been common over the last few years here in Iowa and neighboring states as people e-mail me their dead or declining grape pictures. The cause of this “sudden dieback or decline often becomes more clear upon further discussion or visitation. More often than not, it is the result of poor site selection.

Sudden dieback of the vines is a common symptom for many vineyards here in the upper Midwest. It is often associated with winter injury that has severely damaged the phloem, cambium and outer xylem sells of the trunk. The plant seems to be growing ok until temperatures rise, then moisture and fruit fill demand puts too much stress on the winter injured water and nutrient conducting tissues.. They just cannot keep up.

From my experience, these sudden dieback symptoms are often associated with (somewhat in order of prevalence) these factors:

a. Wet site – 4+ years of above average rainfall in many areas has put a lot of stress on our vines. Sites that were considered well drained in the past are wet today. Disease decayed roots cannot provide the water and nutrients required to maintain the plant.
b. Too much nitrogen – high organic matter soils, late season rainfall and/or too much nitrogen applied to the vines keep them from going dormant in the fall.
c. Crown Gall at the base of the trunk. (Often the result of prior winter injury.)
d. Over cropping of young or stressed vines.
e. Physical trunk /root damage from equipment, gophers, mice or rabbits.
f. Mid to Late season Roundup (glyphosate) applications to green suckers. Grape plants are much more susceptible to these misapplications as the summer progresses.
g. Direct damage from phenoxy herbicide drift and/or the delayed dormancy of the vine that can result from it.
h. Lightning damage can be focused or erratically spread through a vineyard. It will often have a tendency of dance around the trellis wires killing some vines and not others.

More often than not factors (a – d) are involved with most of the cases I am involved with. Below are some example pictures:

(Left) Over-cropped young Marechal Foch vine gradually starting to decline, 8-7-7










(Left) Dead Marechal Foch winter damaged trunk with renewal suckers coming up from the base. 7-24-07











(Left) Sudden dieback of a Seyval vine.








(Left) Severely winter injured vine that did not recover. 7-7-11









(Left) Winter injured Seyval vine.







(Left) Sudden dieback of Frontenac.








2011 WI Winery Survey Completed and Now Online

Check out the “NEW” Winery Survey conducted by the Wisconsin Grape Growers Association. This was first sent out in January of 2011 and the report was completed in June of 2011. Seventy wineries responded to the survey for an 86.42% response rate. Eleven wineries did not participate in the survey.

These were the five questions asked:

  1. Do you produce wine(s) with Wisconsin grown grapes? (Yes or No)
  2. Do you grow grapes? (Yes or No)
  3. Do you purchase Wisconsin grown grapes? (Yes or No)
  4. Are you interested in purchasing Wisconsin grown grapes? (Yes or No) If so, which varieties? (List varieties)
  5. If you purchase grapes, juice and/or wine from out-of-state? If you purchase grapes, juice and/or wine from out-of-state, please list these states and countries.

I think you will find the answers both interesting and informative. You can read the entire 26 page report here: http://wigrapes.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/WI-Winery-Survey-2011-Report1.pdf


2010 Oregon Winegrape Industry Economic Impact Report Completed

It is always good to look at other success stories in the U.S. winegrape industry and build upon the success of others. A new study commissioned by the Oregon Wine Board (OWB) revealed that the economic impact of Oregon's wine industry nearly doubled to $2.7 billion since the last study was done in 2005.

Oregon has 419 wineries and 849 vineyards covering 20,500 acres. The top four grape cultivars grown are: Pinot noir, Pinot gris, Riesling and Cabernet Sauvignon. Oregon wineries sold $262 mm in wine in 2010 and paid over $65mm in tax and licensing revenues to the state. Wine-related tourism contributed $158.5 million in revenues to the Oregon economy in 2010.

You can read the entire 12 page 2010 report compiled by the Nation Agricultural Statistics
Service here: http://www.avalonwine.com/oregon-wine-2010-report.pdf

A Must Read, 17 pages: http://www.specialtywineretailers.org/TowardLiquorDomination.pdf


International Cold Climate Wine Competition Call for Entries

What: 3rd Annual International Cold Climate Wine Competition (Commercially Bottled Wines Only)
When: Thursday, August 18, 2011
Where: University of Minnesota
Deadline to send in entry Fees: 4:30 p.m. CST, Monday, 8-8-11
Deadline to receive Wines: 4:30 p.m. CST, Friday, 8-12-11
Cost per Entry: $40
Primary Sponsor: Minnesota Grape Growers Association
Details here: http://mngrapegrowers.com/competition




Grape Production Workshop – Platte City, MO

When: 10 a.m. to 2 p.m., Saturday, 7-23-11
Where: Platte Purchase Building on the Platte County Fairgrounds - Platte City, MO
Agenda: 10 a.m. to noon hear from experienced growers and educators about varieties, trellis systems and canopy management strategies. Participants will visit a local commercial vineyard in the afternoon.
Sponsored by: West-Central MU Extension
Cost: $10 each
Registration: Contact the Platte County MU Extension Center at (816) 270-2141.
Details: http://extension.missouri.edu/platte/documents/grape/2011PlatteCountyFairGrapeWorkshop.pdf
Contact person:
Marlin A. Bates, Horticulture Specialist, University of Missouri Extension
11724 NW Plaza Circle, Suite 300, Kansas City, MO 64153
P: (816) 270-2141 F: (816) 270-2512 or batesma@missouri.edu


MGGA Summer Picnic – St. Croix Vineyards - Stillwater, MN

What: Minnesota Grape Growers Association’s Annual Summer Picnic
Education Sessions: - membrane press, trellis systems, UMN ultivar research trials
Winery tours at 11:30 a.m., 12:30 p.m and 1:30 p.m.
Live Music from noon to 3 p.m.
When: 11 a.m. to 3 p.m., Sunday, July 24, 2011 Where: St Croix Vineyards & Winery, 6428 Manning Ave., Stillwater, MN 55082 ph: 651-430-3310
Lunch: Potluck – bring a covered dish

Online Flyer: http://mngrapegrowers.com/summer-picnic
Volunteer Opportunity: Assist with grilling or parking. If you can help out, please contact
Missy@mngrapes.org or (612) 203-3969


WSU – Chile & Argentina Vine/Wine Tour – Registration Deadline Extended

If you are still considering the Chile and Argentina Winery and Vineyard Tour, or know of someone who is interested, then you are in luck. The deadline for registering has been extended to August 15th. Attached is the itinerary and the pricing schedule. The wine industries of Chile and Argentina have many similarities to the US wine industry. Come learn how these countries have made a name for themselves. This trip promises to be educational, inspiring, and fun!! Double the education and fun by traveling with a group of winemakers and grape growers!

Here is the URL for registering:

Let me know if you have any questions,

Theresa Beaver, Viticulture and Enology Certificate Coordinator, Washington State University P O Box 646414, Pullman, WA 99164-6414
Office: 509-335-3446, Cell: 509-339-5109, FAX: 509-335-8690
e-mail: tbeaver@wsu.edu WWW: http://winegrapes.wsu.edu/certificates.html


Small Scale Commercial Winemaking Course – Nebraska City

When: 8:30 a.m. to 4 p.m., Friday & Saturday, October 21 & 22, 2011
Where: University of Nebraska Kimmel Education & Research Center 5995 G Road in Nebraska City, NE 68410
Who: Alan Dillard, Limestone Creek Viticulture Resources, Jonesboro, IL
Cost: $375 each (Price includes class materials, Friday lunch and dinner, wine tasting and refreshments).
Attendance limited to first 25 people registered.
Sponsored by:
5 Rivers RC&D, Tecumseh, NE
Details & Registration: http://www.nercd.com/r/p/119/








Notable Quotables

“When soils were dry and air temperatures increased, there was no increase in herbicide volatilization, but herbicide volatilization increased significantly when temperatures rose and soils were wet.”
From: Pesticide pathways into atmosphere investigated, 7-13-11 – Western Farm Press


Marketing Tidbits

  1. Gallo’s Growing Barefoot Brand is #1, 7-12-11 – Wines & Vines Magazine
    (List of top 20 U.S. selling wine brands)


Show n Tell

(Above) John Broadbent in his distillery at Norwalk, Iowa. This picture and others can be found in the Des Moines Register article: “Making whisky in the barn – Norwalk is home to Iowa’s smallest legal micro-distillery”. 7-12-11

(Left) Phillip and Teresa Nielson in their Emerald View Vineyard in Hokah, MN. Picture is from Houston County news article Hokah couple start vineyard from scratch. 7-13-11











Articles of Interest

  1. IL: New Winery Opens in Effingham, 7-12-11 - Teutopolis Press-Dieterich Gazette
  2. Roundup and the Sustainable Vineyard, 7-14-11 Reign of Terroir Blog
  3. Les Bourgeois Becoming a Force in the Missouri Wine Industry, 7-14-11, Missourian
  4. Vine revival: More than 30 wineries have opened in Missouri in the last 2 years, 7-15-11 –
    Southeast Missourian


Videos of Interest

  1. Vine grafting: Cabernet, Merlot vineyards become Petit Verdot, Malbec, 7-7-11 – The Journey of Gordon Blog, 6:17 min EXCELLENT!
  2. Missouri Winery Focuses on Ancient Recipe (mead), 7-15-11 – Ozark First.com, 2:36 min


Neeto-Keeno WWW Stuff

  1. Vineyard Business Excel Worksheets by Kevin Martin, Lake Erie Regional Grape Program: http://lergp.cce.cornell.edu/Business_Management/home.htm


Calendar of Events

7-19, Effective Vineyard Spraying Workshop at Les Bourgeois Bistro & Vineyards
Registration & Flyer: http://iccve.missouri.edu/events/sprayworkshop_2011.pdf

7-23, Missouri Extension Grape Grower Workshop - Platte City, Mo. Details: http://extension.missouri.edu/platte/documents/grape/2011PlatteCountyFairGrapeWorkshop.pdf
7-24, 11 am to 3pm Minnesota Grape Growers Association’s Summer Picnic at St Croix Vineyards & Winery, Stillwater, MN. Flyer: http://mngrapegrowers.com/summer-picnic

7-(26-28), Iowa Wine Growers Association’s bus trip to the 22nd Annual Michigan State University Viticulture Day on 7-27-11at the Southwest Research & Extension Center near Benton Harbor, MI.
Details & Flyer: http://iowawinegrowers.org/2011/06/iwga-michigan-wine-tour/

7-27, 22nd Michigan State University Viticulture Field Day at the Southwest Michigan Research & Demonstration Farm near Benton Harbor, MI. Full details here: http://www.agbioresearch.msu.edu/swmrec/news.html

7-30, University of Nebraska Viticulture Field Day on Petiole Sampling, Crop Estimation and Summer Vineyard Management, Prairie Creek Vineyards, Central City NE. Details will be announced here: http://agronomy.unl.edu/viticulture/

8-4, ISU How to Attract & Maintain Beneficial Insects, Ames, IA. Full Details here:

8-24, Seedless Table Grape & Winegrape Field Day, Univ. of WI – Madison, West Madison Ag Research Station, Questions: Please check blog at: www.universitydisplaygardens.com for more information e-mail Judy at jreithrozell@wisc.edu or Rebecca at harbut@wisc.edu

8-27, University of Nebraska Mechanical Harvester Field Day, Ida’s Vitas Vineyard, Ogallala, NE. The western NE growers associated with the 5 Trails Winery have taken delivery of a machine harvester and will be discussing and demonstrating its merits at this field day. Details will be announced here: http://agronomy.unl.edu/viticulture/

10-(21+22), Small Scale Commercial Winemaking Course, Kimmel Education & Research Center, Nebraska City, NE. Details & Registration: http://www.nercd.com/r/p/119/

11-(16 & 17), 1st North American Wine Tourism Conference – Napa Valley. Details HERE.

4-(17-19)-12, License to Steal at the Lodge at Geneva, Ohio. Details soon here: http://nationalwinemarketing.com/


Total Circulation of 1,350+ recipients in AZ, CA, CO, FL, OH, IA, IN, IL, KS, KY, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NV, NY, OK, OR, PA, SD, VA, VT, WA, WA DC, WI, Australia, Canada, Israel, Nepal, Norway & Turkey

Michael L. White
ISU Extension Viticulture Specialist
909 East 2nd Ave. Suite E, Indianola, IA 50125-2892
ph: 515-961-6237, fax: 6017, cell: 515-681-7286

Iowa State University does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, age, religion, national origin, sexual orientation, gender identity, genetic information, sex, marital status, disability, or status as a U.S. veteran. Inquiries can be directed to the Director of Equal Opportunity and Compliance, 3280 Beardshear Hall, (515) 294-7612.

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