#153 - January 28, 2011

Vivando Fungicide Labeled for Grapes

Vivando fungicideproduced and sold by BASF Crop Protection has recently been approved by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and labeled for grapes in the U.S. The label has been approved for Iowa but may still be pending approval in a few other states. The active ingredient, metrafenone is the first fungicide to be developed from the benzophenone chemical class. This active ingredient is lipophilic, and as such, it is very easily absorbed into the waxy cuticle layer that surrounds the exterior cells of a plant to prevent water loss. Metrafenone has a new Mode of Action (MOA) with protective activity against powdery mildew (Uncinula necator) in winegrapes, table grapes and raisins. According to BASF, metrafenone can control powdery mildew in three ways. It inhibits spore germination, infection and subsequent mycelia growth.

Vivando will be sold in 1 gallon containers as a 25% active ingredient liquid suspension concentrate. It will be a General Use pesticide (GUP) that will NOT require a Restricted Use Pesticide (RUP) license to purchase or apply. It has a 12 hour Restricted Entry Interval (REI) and a Pre-harvest Interval (PHI) of 14 days. Vivando will retail for approximately $180 per gallon. It is labeled at the rate of 10.3 fl. oz. ($14.48) to 15.4 ($21.65) fl. oz./acre with a maximum use rate of 46.2 fl. oz./acre/season and no more than three applications per season. It has a minimum spray interval of 14 days and is restricted to no more than 2 sequential applications.

The Vivando Technical Information Bulletin from BASF recommends the use of a silicone based surfactant. Powdery mildew is the only disease labeled for control on the Vivando label. The Technical Information Bulletin from BASF shows that it also has some activity on Botrytis (Botrytis cinera) and Phomopsis (Phomopsis viticola).


Hardcopy Pesticide Labels May Soon Disappear from the Container

Have you read the label on a pesticide container lately? Trying to read through a 20-60 page label to garner only the 10% of the information that applies to your application method, targeted pest and crop can become a long and tedious affair. Add to this the fact that the label is the law and changes to pesticide labeling occur frequently, making the hardcopy label outdated soon after it is printed. I make it a common practice to read the current pesticide labels on the WWW instead of reading the one pasted onto the container.

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) may soon be implementing a new streamlined web label distributing system that will eliminate the hardcopy label on the container. The EPA’s Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP) is exploring a new initiative called “Web Distributed Labeling” (WDL) that would make the most current version of pesticide labeling available to users via the Internet or phone. The EPA OPP announced its intent to put a WDL “User Acceptance Pilot” in the Federal Register on 8-18-10. The EPA OPP is asking pesticide applicators to participate in this pilot program and then tell EPA what they think of of the WDL using short survey via Survey Monkey.

This is a GREAT idea! This streamlined web distributed labeling system has a huge potential to increase the efficacy of our pesticide labeling and application technology resources that could become available at our fingertips in the field. I HIGHLY recommend you go to the WDL pilot site, view some streamlined labels and then take the short Online anonymous survey. You start out by taking a test drive here: http://wdl.greenbook.net . EPA will use the survey results to decide whether or not to move forward with web-distributed labeling.


TTB Notice No. 116, Addition of New Grape Variety Names for American Wines

From: Federal Register /Vol. 76, No. 13 /Thursday, January 20, 2011 / Proposed Rules

The Alcohol Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) proposes to amend its regulations by adding a number of new names to the list of grape variety names approved for use in designating American wine labels. The TTB must receive written comments on or before March 21, 2011 for or against these proposed changes to the current list of approved grape variety names used for labeling.

A few of the varietal names being proposed to be added to this approved list include:

Brianna, Corot Noir, Frontenac, Frontenac Gris, Geneva Red 7 (aka GR7), Louise Swenson, LaCrescent, Marquette, Noiret, Prairie Star, Reliance, St. Pepin, Valiant, Valvin Muscat, Vignoles

Many of you like myself, may be wondering how or why Midwest wineries have been getting approval of using these grape variety names on their labels without them being approved by the administrator of the TTB as type designations for American wines. Here is how Scott Abeyta, Alcohol & Tobacco Investigator for the TTB in Liberty, MO explained it to me:

“If you look at Part 4 subpart J of the code of Federal Regulations - 27 CFR 4.91 – List of approved prime names … this is a public listing of grape variety names approved by the Administrator for use as type designations for American wines. The Notice of Proposed Rulemaking is the Federal Government’s way of making the announcement and encouraging comments by the industry and others about the proposed changes (amendments) to the regulation(s). This notice is simply to advise folks of TTB’s intention to add these varietal grape names to the public listing found in 27 CFR 4.91. These additions to the list of approved prime names are likely the direct result of TTB approving the use of these varietal names on COLA applications and the subsequent widespread use of these variety names on wine labels.”

The entire TTB Notice No. 116 can be found here: http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/2011/pdf/2011-1134.pdf


11th Annual Iowa Wine Growers Association - 2011 Annual Conference

When: Friday & Saturday, March 18 & 19, 2011

Where: THE HOTEL Kirkwood Center, 7725 Kirkwood Boulevard SW, Cedar Rapids, IA. The IWGA has secured a reduced room rate of $89 per night (plus tax) for members attending the conference. Call 319-848-8700 to reserve a room.

Agenda & Registration Materials: http://iowawinegrowers.org/pdfs/wine_attendee_reg_11.pdf

Pre-registration Discount Date: March 4, 2011


14th Annual Nebraska Winery & Grape Growers Forum & Trade Show

When: Thursday – Saturday, March 3-5, 2011

Where: Holiday Inn & Convention Center, Kearney, NE

Speakers to include:
Dr. Tom Cottrell, Winery Consultant & Univ. of KY Extension Enologist
Doug Frost, Wine Consultant & Writer – Kansas City, MO
Patty Held, Winery Consultant – Hermann, MO
Dr. Bill Shoemaker, Viticulture Research Specialist, Univ. of IL

Conference info: http://agronomy.unl.edu/viticulture

Sponsored by: University of Nebraska at Lincoln Viticulture Program The Nebraska Winery & Grape Growers Association


Wisconsin Grape Growers Association - Spring Vineyard School 2011

When: 9 a.m. to 2:45 p.m., Thursday, March 24, 2011

Where: Wollersheim Winery, Prairie du Sac, WI 53578

Sponsored by: Wisconsin Grape Growers Association (WGGA)

Speakers & Topics:
Dr. Rebecca Harbut, University of Wisconsin - Vineyard Nutrient Management: Soil Nutrients and How the Complexity of the Soil Affects the Grape
Paul Gospodarczyk, Enology Instructor, Des Moines Area Community College - Grape Quality: Optimizing the Quality of Grape Cultivars
Philippe Coquard, Vintner and Owner, Wollersheim Winery - Pruning Grapes: First Year, Second Year, and the Veterans
Bruce Reeve, Vineyard Manager, Wollersheim Winery - How to Net a Vineyard: Protecting Quality Fruit from the Birds, and Mulching with New Technology

Cost: $30 for WGGA members, $45 for non-members.

Registration Deadline: 3-17-11, registration is limited.

Complete Details & Registration: http://wigrapes.org/archives/479


11th Annual UC Davis Wine Executive Program

When: Monday – Thursday, March 21-24, 2011 (Boot Camp Kickoff – Sunday, March 20)

Where: Maurice J. Gallagher, Jr. Hall, Univ. of California, Davis, CA

Cost: $4,200 includes Sunday’s boot camp if registered by Feb. 4.
$4,400 after Feb. 4.
$3,700 boot camp not included if registered by Feb. 4.
$3,700 after Feb. 4.

Sponsored by: UC Davis

Full Details & Registration: http://www.wineexecutiveprogram.com/register.htm


e-viticulture – New all Encompassing Online Resource

The Grape Community of Practice (GCoP) is a project funded by a competitive $850,000 grant through the Specialty Crops Research Initiative (SCRI) administered by the United States Department of Agriculture and the National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA). The project started with 16 participants and has now grown to more than 50 viticulture specialists from 24 states, with backing from several state grape grower organizations, industry leaders such as Welch’s, and the National Grape and Wine Initiative. This three-year grant provides for the creation of a national Online resource of grape growing information called eViticulture provided through eXtension.

This project was initiated by Dr. Eric Stafne of Oklahoma State University. Key leaders of this project include: Dr. Lane Greer – Oklahoma State University, Kathleen Kelsey – Oklahoma State University, Dr. Ed Hellman - Texas A&M, and Keith Striegler - University of Missouri.

The debut of eViticultre occurred this week at the Unified Grape & Wine Symposium held in Sacramento, CA. The mission of the GCoP is to provide for the educational needs of the grape industry as a whole; including industry partners, extension employees, and consumers by providing science-based information and learning opportunities through http://www.eViticulture.org


Notable Quotables

“Seventy percent of fungicides used in US agriculture are sprayed in vineyards.”
--- From: New grapes needed to keep wine flowing , 1-17-11 – BBC news:

“I say to consumers: instead of relying totally on critics, drink what you like and like what you drink.”
--- Robert Mondavi


Show Tell

(Above) 38 Ontario wineries poured 27 liters (7.13 gal.) of their best icewine into a specially made four-foot-tall wine flute at the Fallsview Casino Resort in Niagara Falls - setting the new world record. The previous Guiness world record was 16.5 liters (4.36 gal.).

Taken from: Largest wine flute: Ontario winemakers set new worlds record,

(Above) Slide #13 taken from Wine Market Council’s Online Consumer Research slide presentation: http://www.winemarketcouncil.com/research_slideview.asp?position=13

(Above) Page 7 of ISU Extension’s recently completed 2010 annual report. You can check out the entire report here: http://www.extension.iastate.edu/communications/Extension2010/index.htm

On Saturday January 19, the ISU Midwest Grape & Wine Industry Institute showed up at Breezy Hills Vineyard & Winery at Minden, Iowa to do a commercial wine filtration workshop. This event was sponsored by the Western Iowa Wine Trail. Below are some pictures from this event:

(Above) Attendees gathering in the winery for a demonstration of the bubble point test used to determine membrane filter integrity. 1-15-11

(Above) Garry Penner of Top to Bottom Consulting demonstrating bubble point filter test set-up.

(Above) Garry Penner discussing the strength of the sulfur citric pickling solution needed for proper storage of the membrane cartridge.

(Above) A plate from the plate and frame filter, Garry Penner discussed the flow of the wine through a plate and frame filter system.

At the request of David Klodd (winemaker at Summerset Winery- Indianola, IA), a visit to the ISU College of Chemical and Biological Engineering occurred this Thursday (1-26-11). He and I we met up there with Dr. Kenneth Jolls and Dr. Stephanie Loveland. They showed us their computer controlled continuous 12 plate distillation column. Dr. Loveland uses the still to teach a senior level class about methanol distillation. (Above-top) David Klodd (plaid shirt) looks on as Dr. Loveland and Dr. Jolls explain details of the distillation column. (Above-bottom) Dr. Loveland explains how one of the 12 distillation column plates works within the system.


Articles of Interest

  1. $1.3 million grant to boost Eastern wine industry, 1-17-11 – ECN Magazine
  2. Grape analysis reveals surprising degree of genetic diversity, 1-18-11 – Western Farm Press: http://westernfarmpress.com/grapes/grape-analysis-reveals-surprising-deg...
  3. Somebody You Should Know, a family of entrepreneurs, 1-18-11, Des Moines Register: (Check out what Mason and Carly Groben have been doing lately.)
  4. New life for wine bottles in Michigan, 1-24-11- Wines & Vines Magazine
  5. French winegrowers warned of over pesticide use, 1-25-11 –The Telegraph, UK.
  6. Understanding a grapevine’s response to drought, 1-25-11 – South Dakota State University: http://westernfarmpress.com/grapes/understanding-grapevine-s-response-dr...

Videos of Interest

  1. Propagating Muscadine vines in a 2 liter pop bottle by air laying, James Sprunt Community College, Keananville, NC, 4:54 min.: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uFlsrU15uoc
  2. Everything Grape Video Gallery from the University of Vermont Extension Service:


Radio of Interest

  1. Marquette Grape, 1-27-11 - Iowa Public Radio. 3:30 min. (Listen to what Mason Groben – Jasper Winery, Dave Cushman Jr. – Park Farm Winery, Paul Gospodarzyk – DMACC, and Tom Martell – President of the Minnesota Grape Growers Association have to say about Marquette wine.) : http://iowapublicradio.org/audio/perma/news110127a.m3u


Neeto-Keeno WWW Stuff

  1. World Records Academy: http://www.worldrecordsacademy.org/
  2. Vizu August 2007 U.S. Consumer Wine Purchasing Survey 13 page report: http://answers.vizu.com/solutions/pr/pdf/Online-Wine-Market-Research.pdf
  3. Kansas Farmers Markets list of educational events for growers and marketers: http://www.ksfarmersmarkets.org/events


Calendar of Events:

2-(4-7), Midwest Grape & Wine Conference – Saint Charles Convention Center, Saint Charles, MO: http://www.midwestgrapeandwineconference.com/

2-5, North Dakota Grape Growers Association Annual Meeting, Best Western Doublewood Inn, Bismarck, ND Contact: Greg Krieger - krieger@polarcomm.com Details: http://www.ndgga.org/

2-(17-19), 7th Annual Cold Climate Grape & Wine Conference – Sheraton Inn, Bloomington, MN. http://www.mngrapes.org/events/

2-(21 & 22), 2011 Ohio Grape and Wine Conference at the Nationwide & Farm Bureau 4-H Center, Registration: http://www.oardc.ohio-state.edu/grapeweb/images/OGEN_29_December_2011_25__OGWC_registration_Information.pdf

2-(24-25), Illinois Grape Growers and Vintner’s Association Annual Conference, Crowne Plaza Hotel, Springfield, IL. Conference info: http://www.illinoiswine.com/conference.html

3-(3-5). 14th Annual Nebraska Winery and Grape Growers Forum and Trade Show, Holiday Inn & Convention Center, Kearney, NE . Conference info: http://agronomy.unl.edu/viticulture

3-(4-5), Finger Lakes Grape Growers Conference and Trade Show, Holiday Inn – Waterloo, NY: http://flg.cce.cornell.edu/calendar.html

3-(8), Fruit Brandy Distillation Workshop – Mountain Grove Cellars – Missouri State, Mountain Grove, MO: http://mtngrv.missouristate.edu/mtngrvcellars/

3-(18 & 19), Iowa Wine Growers Association Annual Conference - The Hotel at Kirkwood Center, Cedar Rapids, IA: http://www.iowawinegrowers.org

3-(21-24), 11th Annual UC Davis Wine Executive Program, UC Davis, CA. Details and registration: http://www.ucdavis.edu/index.html

3-24, Wisconsin Grape Growers Association – Spring Vineyard School 2011. Wollersheim Winery. Complete details and registration: http://wigrapes.org/archives/479

3-(25 & 26), All Iowa Horticulture Exposition III, Bridge View Center, Ottumwa, IA: http://www.iowahort.org/

3-(29 to 4-1), Wineries Unlimited – Greater Richmond Virginia Convention Center, Richmond, VA: http://wineriesunlimited.vwm-online.com/

4-(12-14), Save the Date - License to Steal National Wine Marketing Conference, Geneva, Ohio. Details: http://www.nationalwinemarketing.com/

6-(20-24), American Society for Enology & Viticulture – Portola Hotel & Monterey Conference Center, Monterey, CA: http://asev.org/national-conference-2011/


Total Circulation of 1,300+ recipients in AZ, CA, CO, FL, OH, IA, IN, IL, KS, KY, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NV, NY, OR, PA, SD, VA, VT, WA, WA DC, WI, Australia, Canada, Israel & Norway

Michael L. White,
ISU Extension Viticulture Specialist
909 East 2nd St. Suite E, Indianola, IA 50125-2892
ph: 515-961-6237, fax: 6017 or mlwhite@iastate.edu

… and justice for all - The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination in all its programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, gender, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, and marital or family status. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.) Many materials can be made available in alternative formats for ADA clients. To file a complaint of discrimination, write USDA, Office of Civil Rights, Room 326-W, Whitten Building, 14th and Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, DC 20250-9410 or call 202-720-5964.

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