Crop and Land Use: Statewide Data

How is Iowa's land used?

See Footnotes

  • Iowa Land Use - Map (August 2013)
  • Total Acreage of Iowa Counties - Map (April 2015)

Iowa Land Use *

  Acres
Rural Farm Land 33,359,000
Developed 1,942,100
Federal Land 214,200
Surface Water 501,200
Total Land 36,016,500
   
   

Land in Farms *

  Acres
Cropland 25,968,200
Pastureland 3,104,500
Forest Land 2,358,600
House Lots, Ponds, Roads 897,100
Land in CRP/WRP 1,030,600
Total Land in Farms 33,359,000
   

Iowa Cropland Use **

  Acres
Harvested Cropland 24,507,219
Rotational Pasture 223,963
Other Cropland 1,525,165
Total Cropland 26,256,347
   
   
   

 *2015 USDA, NRI

**2012 Ag Census


Iowa Statewide Yields & Acreages | 2011-2015

Year Corn Acres Harvested
(in 1000 acres)
Corn Yields (bu/ac) Soybean Acres Harvested
(in 1000 acres)
Soybean Yields (bu/ac)
2011 13,700 172.0 9,230 51.5
2012 13,700 137.0 9,300 44.5
2013 13,050 164.0 9,250 45.5
2014 13,300 178.0 9,770 51.0
2015 13,050 192.0 9,800 56.5
  Corn Weighted Average 168.4 Soybean Weighted Average 49.9

Iowa Statewide Yield and Acreage Trend Charts

1927-2015 Corn & Soybean Yields (Jan 2016)

1927-2015 Corn & Soybean Acreages (Jan 2016)

1960-2015 Corn & Soybean Yields w/ Regression (Jan 2016)

1960-1994 and 1994-2015 Corn Yields w/ Regression (Jan 2016)

Iowa Soil Erosion Inventory Charts

Sheet & Rill (Water) Erosion (NRI 2015)

Wind Erosion (NRI 2015)

Rural Land Classified as Primeland (USDA, NRI, 1982, 2015)

Prime farmland: Land that has the best combination of physical and chemical characteristics for producing food, feed, forage, fiber, and oilseed crops and is also available for these uses. (Summary Report, 2015 National Resources Inventory)

Year Iowa (acres) US (acres) % in Iowa
1977 19,127,000 344,811,000 5.55
1982 18,625,300 329,978,700 5.64
1987 18,603,900 328,054,000 5.67
1992 18,584,100 325,562,000 5.71
1997 18,526,100 322,336,800 5.75
2002 18,471,500 319,284,200 5.79
2007 18,428,300 316,818,800 5.82
2012 18,397,900 315,705,500 5.83


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