Crop and Land Use: Statewide Data

How do we define land use?

See Footnotes

Map of Iowa Land Use (August 2013)

Iowa Land Use *

  Acres
Rural Farm Land 33,424,400
Developed 1,932,900
Federal Land 172,400
Surface Water 486,800
Total Land 36,016,500
   
   

Land in Farms *

  Acres
Cropland 25,749,200
Pastureland 3,293,900
Woodland 2,389,400
House Lots, Ponds, Roads 908,600
Land in CRP/WRP 1,038,300
Other Land 45,000
Total Land in Farms 33,242,400

Iowa Cropland Use **

  Acres
Harvested Cropland 24,507,219
Rotational Pasture 223,963
Other Cropland 1,525,165
Total Cropland 26,256,347
   
   
   

 *2010 USDA, NRI

**2012 Ag Census


Iowa Statewide Yields & Acreages | 2010-2014

Year Corn Acres Harvested
(in 1000 acres)
Corn Yields (bu/ac) Soybean Acres Harvested
(in 1000 acres)
Soybean Yields (bu/ac)
2010 13,050 165.0 9,730 51.0
2011 13,700 172.0 9,230 51.5
2012 13,700 137.0 9,300 44.5
2013 13,050 164.0 9,250 45.5
2014 13,300 178.0 9,820 51.5
  Corn Weighted Average 163.2 Soybean Weighted Average 48.8

Iowa Statewide Yield and Acreage Trend Charts

1927-2014 Corn & Soybean Yields

1927-2014 Corn & Soybean Acreages

1960-2014 Corn & Soybean Yields w/ Regression

1960-1994 and 1994-2014 Corn Yields w/ Regression

Iowa Soil Erosion Inventory

Sheet & Rill (Water) Erosion

Wind Erosion

Rural Land Classified as Primeland (USDA, NRI, 1982, 2009)

Prime farmland: Land that has the best combination of physical and chemical characteristics for producing food, feed, forage, fiber, and oilseed crops and is also available for these uses. (Summary Report, 2010 National Resources Inventory, revised September 2013)

Year Iowa (acres) US (acres) % in Iowa
1977 19,127,000 344,811,000 5.55
1982 18,602,300 329,337,700 5.65
1987 18,579,800 327,390,000 5.68
1992 18,562,000 324,925,900 5.71
1997 18,503,300 321,761,500 5.75
2002 18,455,200 318,903,200 5.79
2007 18,421,800 316,742,100 5.82
2010 18,399,500 315,925,100 5.82


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