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ISU Extension Logo

Northwest Iowa Crop Update Newsletter
by Todd Vagts
ISU Extension Crops Specialist
Counties Served:  Carroll, Calhoun, Crawford, Ida, Monona, Pocahontas and Sac.

   
[Home][Special Topics][Weather Data][Subsoil H20][PDF Info] [ISU Extension][IA State University]
 

Volume 5, Number 23
Northwest IA Crop Update, August 29, 2005
Print or view this newsletter in  PDF or Microsoft Word format.

In this issue

bullet Approaching the finish line
bullet Estimating soybean yield
bullet Give alfalfa a well deserved rest
bullet Corn top die-back
bullet Asses fields now for pest problems next year
bullet Crop update live featuring soybean rust in GA

Introduction
Near ideal weather over much of the region is helping to put the finishing touches on this year’s corn and soybean crop.  Early maturity soybean fields are beginning to turn color and many corn fields are beginning to show leaf discoloration and senescence.  Top die-back is showing up in some corn fields, inspection of stalk quality in these fields would probably be a good idea.  Now is a good time to take one last walk through the corn, soybean and forage fields to asses any problems with disease, fertility, weeds, insects and soil compaction that would need to be addressed in next years crop.   Now is also the time to take that final harvest of alfalfa so that the crop is able to prepare itself (six weeks of re-growth and rest) for the long winter ahead.   If you haven’t yet joined a Crop Update Live web meeting, this week would be a great session to attend as Dr. Phil Jost (University of Georgia Extension Agronomists) will be discussing how the current infestation of soybean rust is impacting soybean producers in his state.

Weather information
Growing Degree Day  The finish line for the season is in site, as the mark for physiological maturity was placed on the graph this week.  Near normal weekly accumulations of growing degree days was observed last week and is forecasted for this week as well.  West-central IA continues to be 103% to 106% of normal in DD accumulations for most corn planting dates.  Accumulation and predicted plant phenology stages are shown in Table 1 and Figure 1 and is forecasted through Sept. 4.  More detailed degree-day accumulations by planting date can be obtained at this URL:  http://www.extension.iastate.edu/nwcrops/degree-days-2005.htm

Table 1.  Degree-Day Weekly Accumulation
  2005 2004 2003 14-Yr Ave
Aug 22-28 127 142 174 131
Forcasted Aug 29-04 134 140 101 130

 

  Table 2.  2005 Degree-Day % of Average (by planting date)
  10-Apr 15-Apr 20-Apr 25-Apr 30-Apr 05-May 10-May Ave
last week 106% 105% 103% 104% 105% 106% 105% 105%
this week 106% 105% 103% 104% 105% 106% 105% 105%

Crop Management
Corn Development  Most corn in the area should be fully dented with the milk line advancing down the kernel, near ½ milk line in some fields.  Corn taken for silage is occurring now in many areas.

graph

Soybean Development:  Estimate soybean yield potential. 

  • Estimate the number of plants per acre (measure an area 1/1000 of an acre and count the number of plants within the marked area.)

  • Count the number of pods on ten randomly selected plants within the marked area and calculated the average number of pods/plant

  • Calculate pods per acre by multiplying plants/acre by pods/plant

  • Calculate seeds per acre by multiplying pods per acre by an estimate of 2.5 seeds/pod

  • Calculate pounds per acre by dividing seeds/acre by an estimate of 2900 seeds/pound

  • Estimate yield by dividing pounds/acre by 60 lbs. per bushel.

The formula is: [(plants/acre) x (pods/plant) x (2.5 seeds/pod)] / (2900*60) = Estimated Yield bu/acre

This formula uses several estimations and therefore may be variable depending on the final number of seeds per pod and seed weight.  (Source: Corn and Soybean Field Guide, 1997; Purdue University Coop Extension Service)

Forage and Pasture Management
Give alfalfa a rest before winter.  The timing of the last harvest of alfalfa affects its winter survival and next spring's vigor. Alfalfa needs about six weeks of uninterrupted growth in the fall to become fully winterized. Dr. Barnhart (ISU’s Extension Forage Specialist) recommends that for the best survival of the stand, attempt to take the last summer cut by late August or very early September, and let regrowth stand in the field.  http://www.ipm.iastate.edu/ipm/icm/1999/9-13-1999/alfalfaman.html

Pest Management
Top die-back  I’ve noticed in many corn fields west of Carroll where the corn appears to be prematurely dieing or is maturing from the top down rather than the normal bottom to top.  I believe this may be due to an uncommon situation where anthracnose stalk rot is attacking the plant causing what is commonly called top die-back.  For a very good summary of this disease, refer to this 2002 ICM newsletter.  http://www.ipm.iastate.edu/ipm/icm/2002/9-23-2002/anthracnose.html

Scout and evaluate corn and soybean field health now while you have time.  Many disease, insect and weed pest problems can be found in area corn and soybean fields now.  Obtaining a positive ID on a disease, weed or insect will be very important when making crop rotation, hybrid and variety selection decisions for next year.  Be sure to utilize the ISU plant disease clinic (http://www.extension.iastate.edu/Pages/plantpath/pdcintro.html), and/or the ISU weed, insect and soil fertility specialists when confronted with an unknown problem.  When scouting fields, be sure to dig plants and examine the root system, the lower stalk area, split stems and collect soil and plant samples for further testing if the problem is not easily identified. 

Soybean Aphid  Aphid populations explode in numbers in many west-central IA soybean fields last week, most likely in response to mild air temperatures.  Most soybean fields are at or past the R6 growth stage where our current research suggest we would not observe a response in yield with an insecticide treatment.  In the past, aphid populations tend to decrease or entirely disappear near the end of August or into early September.

ICM Newsletter:  Refer to this week’s ISU Extension Integrated Crop Management newsletter for many good articles on soil and pest management:  http://www.ipm.iastate.edu/ipm/icm/

Crop Update Live special feature on soybean rust in the southeastern U.S.
Be sure not to miss this week’s “Crop Update Live” web meeting (Friday morning at 7:30 am) as Dr. Phil Jost (University of Georgia Extension cotton and soybean specialist) will discuss the current situation of soybean rust in the State of Georgia.  This will be an excellent opportunity for you to submit questions to Dr. Jost on how Georgia soybean producers are responding to soybean rust in their operations.  The state of Georgia is where soybean rust appears to be most active at this time.  To join the web meeting, click on this link http://breeze.extension.iastate.edu/r20526204/ Friday morning at 7:30 am.  To view a recording of this or past meetings, browse to the Crop Update Live webpage:  http://www.extension.iastate.edu/nwcrops/crop-update_live_2005/.   The link to the “live” meeting will be active on the web page until it is replaced with the link to the recording following the meeting.

 

Print or view this newsletter in PDF or Microsoft Word format.


Todd Vagts
Iowa State University Extension
Field Crops Specialist
1240 D. Heires Avenue 
Carroll, IA 51401 
Office: 712-792-2364; Cell: 712-249-6025;  Fax: 712-792-2366
Email: vagts@iastate.edu  

For questions or comments please respond to vagts@iastate.edu

The information given in this publication is for educational purposes only.
Reference to commercial products is made with the understanding that no
discrimination is intended and no endorsement by Iowa State University with
any specific product(s) used in this is implied

This page last updated on 08/30/05

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