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Most bullies in the workplace are opportunists and workplace politicians

Tactics bullies use
Blame for errors not made
Unreasonable job demands
Criticism of ability
Inconsistent compliance with rules
Threaten job loss
Insults and put-downs
Discounting/denial of accomplishments
Exclusion, ‘icing out’
Yelling, screaming
Stealing credit
Deny resources (time, supplies, help)
Intimidation, hostility
Discount thoughts or feelings
-- ‘The Bully at Work: What You Can Do to Stop the Hurt and Reclaim Your Dignity on the Job’ by Gary and Ruth Namie

Bullying is characterized by unethical actions and harms the organization.
Some competition and conflict is normal and useful in the workplace. Bullying is not non-abusive managerial skills. Bullying is repeated verbal abuse, threatening, intimidating or humiliating conduct. The climate becomes foggy, communication is ambiguous and the interaction can be hostile. Look for
Role ambiguity
Uncooperative behavior
Lack of foresight
Ambiguous interpersonal relations
Organizational flaws
Long lasting and systematic unethical actions
Equivocal strategies
Covert actions and denial of conflict
Oblique and evasive communication
--WHO bulletin, Raising Awareness of Psychological Harassment at Work

Oct. 14-20 is Freedom from Bullies Week.