Master Equine Manager Outcomes and Objectives

Master Equine Manager Outcomes
  • To provide in-depth training to horse enthusiast’s in order to increase the knowledge and skill in equine science, care and training.
  • To increase the quality, competitiveness and economic potential of the horse industry.
  • To develop a cadre of knowledgeable equine managers to assist in conducting educational programs and activities.
  • To develop a volunteer network for Youth and 4-H/FFA horse programs.
Welfare of Horses
 
 
Upon Completion of this Unit the Learner will be able to Upon Completion of this Unit the Learner can
Understanding Horse Behavior  
  • Compare the differences between humans and horses in the way they think, see, hear, smell, touch and remember
  • Understand the natural behavior of equines including how the horse perceives its environment and the limitations this presents
  • Examine how horse behavior and environment affects training and management
  • Be able to load and unload horses for transport
  • Understand how a horse uses his survival instinct to cope with daily stresses
Quiz

  • Describe how the horse perceives its environment and the limitations this presents.
  • Interpret horses' perceptions and instincts in light of their evolutionary history.
  • Explain group behavior and  how to introduce a new horse into an established group
  • Describe common vices and stereotypes

Practical Evaluation

  • Demonstrate safely working around a horse, positive and negative reinforcement by catching, leading, tying and grooming a horse
  • Describe &/or demonstrate how to prepare, load and unload animals safely and effectively minimizing stress to the animal
   
Facilities and Equipment  
  • Evaluate livestock buildings considering animal welfare and working environment
  • Explain the proper environment for housed horses
  • Determine appropriate manure management for facilities
  • Gain knowledge on laws and regulations that apply to animal husbandry
  • Know how to maintain horses when turned out
Quiz

  • Specify the horses’ basic welfare requirements and how to maintain their health and wellbeing
  • Describe common stable fittings
  • State the required ventilation for horses
  • Describe different bedding’s and their uses
  • Describe the different forms of waste and appropriate methods of disposal
  • Describe what liability law’s cover
  • Describe the suitability of different types of fencing for horses

Practical Evaluation

  • Critique stable design and construction by touring an equine facility and evaluating the facility using horse facility analysis checklist (adapted from University of Vermont, Self-Guided Horse Facility Analysis)
Equine Quality Assurance  
  • Know how horses are used in the world and the relationship of equine welfare to the cost of horse ownership & horse processing
  • Know the principles of maintaining health, safety and security in the workplace
  • Know the reason for following manufacturers’ guidance
  • Understand the importance of record keeping
Quiz

  • Describe the uses of horses in the world
  • Describe the pros and cons of horse processing
  • Identify issues surrounding the unwanted horse
  • Describe fire and accident procedures
  • Identify different types of fire extinguishers and their use
  • List specific risks relevant to child safety in the workplace
  • State the correct use of disinfectants
  • Identify health and safety risks in relation to the workplace
  • Know the rules for disposing of hazardous and non-hazardous waste safely and appropriately
  • State the importance of following manufacturers’ and organizational instructions and the potential consequences and risks of not doing so
  • Describe why it is necessary to interpret medication instructions accurately covering all the following:

    • prescription only medicine

    • over-the-counter products
    • wormers
  • Explain the significance of expiry dates on drugs and medications and safe procedures for disposal
  • Explain the types of records required and the importance of accurate record keeping
 
Horse Nutrition
 
 
Forages for Horses  
  • Determine the quantity and quality of grazing is appropriate for the intended purpose
  • Identify forage types and uses for horse pastures
  • Know how to recognize and evaluate hay
Quiz

  • Relate how to prepare and maintain grazing land for horses

    • Explain how to improve grazing quality
    • Explain how to maintain a good quality grazing systemAssess the quantity and quality of grazing is appropriate for the intended purpose
  • Explain how grazing affects pastures
  • Describe different methods for providing water for grazing horses

Practical Evaluation

  • Identify common grasses and legumes
  • Evaluate hay samples and identify as excellent, good, average, below average or poor (moldy)
Feeds and Feeding  
  • Determine Weight and Condition of the horse
  • Know how to provide feed and water to stabled and grazing horses
  • Understand how to plan diets and implement feeding regimes
  • Know digestive problems horses are prone to encounter
Quiz

  • Describe normal feeding and drinking habits and behaviors of horses
  • List the rules of good feeding and watering practice
  • Describe the digestive process including characteristics of stomach, small intestine and large intestine
  • Explain how the following will affect the planning of feeding programs: horse body weight, age, reproductive stage, level and type of work, type and temperament
  • Identify management steps to prevent or minimize gut problems
  • Name 3 situations when a horse will refuse feed, hay, water
  • Describe common digestive problems

Practical Evaluation

  • Demonstrate two methods (weight tape & body formula) of determining a horse’s weight. 
  • Demonstrate how to body condition score a horse. 
  • Demonstrate how to read a feed ingredient tag
  • Identify feed type and quality for roughage and concentrates
Equine Health
 
 
Equine Emergency Care  
  • Be able to carry out routine husbandry and monitor health and wellbeing of horses
  • Know how to carry out routine husbandry nd monitor the health and well-being of horses
  • Be able to select, use and maintain equipment for restraining horses using specified methods
  • Be able to deliver emergency First-Aid
Quiz

  • Identify normal, caution and “red alert” conditions.
  • Explain reasons for and against bandaging
  • Describe the signs of health and ill-health in relation to the appearance, posture and movement, behavior and bodily functioning in relationship
  • Explain the reasons for restraining horses, the methods of restraint and when to use them
  • Describe how to recognize if the horse is becoming stressed during restraint
  • Describe how to recognize and treat minor ailments
  • Recognize inflammation and its characteristics
  • Explain cold and warm therapy
  • Recognize the types of medications used in emergency situations
  • Describe warning signs of colic and response procedure
  • Describe when a horse health emergency would necessitate the calling of a vet

Practical Evaluation

  • Inspect horse for signs of good health and ill health
  • Measure a horse’s body temperature, pulse, respiration rate, body water level/capillary refill.
  • Show how to check a horse for gut sounds.  Identify normal, caution, and “red alert” conditions.
  • Select and apply stable/protective bandages with protective padding as required maintaining safety and security of self and horse throughout
Vaccinations for Horses  
  • Recognize common diseases and vaccination programs for horses
Quiz

  • Describe common diseases of equine
  • Describe the routine vaccinations required to promote health

Practical Evaluation

  • Demonstrate and/or describe how to give an intramuscular injection
Understanding Horse Parasites  
  • Identify symptoms and types of infestation
  • Relate management strategies and/or treatment options that are cost-effective and environmentally friendly
Quiz

  • Contrast internal parasites
  • Describe how to minimize parasitic infestation on grazing land

Practical Evaluation

  • Describe or demonstrate how to deworm a horse
Hoof Care  
  • Explain the function of the hoof and why general hoof care is important
  • Determine common hoof injuries including abscess & treatment
  • Differentiate between good and incorrect hoof balance for the shod and unshod horse
  • Analyze the effects of various leg positions, foot conditions and shoeing on movements and gaits
Quiz

  • Describe common hoof injuries
  • Identify primary shoeing tools and their purpose
  • Examine and analyze front and rear hoof balance

Practical Evaluation

  • Demonstrate how to care for the hoof and identify the parts of the hoof
Selection of Horses
 
 
Conformation and Evaluation  
  • Recognize and evaluate balance, quality, structural correctness and muscling in the horse
  • Relate a horse’s conformation and gait to the horse’s function, use and health
Quiz

  • Describe the conformation of the horse and its relationship to movement and action
  • Define the purpose of a pre-purchase examination and describe the process

Practical Evaluation

  • Describe how to identify horses including external points of the horse, colors and markings
  • Demonstrate knowledge of horse anatomy, skeletal and muscular development in relation to conformation
Unsoundness’s and Blemishes  
  • Identify unsoundness’s and blemishes
  • Gain knowledge of the 5 factors causing a horse to develop front leg unsoundness
  • Explain the appearance and location of a capped hock, thoroughpin, bone spavin and bog spavin.
Quiz

  • Describe unsound leg conditions (“over at the knee”, “back at the knee”, “bucked shin”, splint, bowed, etc.)

Practical

  • Identify locations on a horse where unsoundness and blemishes occur
  • Examine a horse for unsoundness’s
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