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Trees of Iowa: An Interactive Key

Russian Olive
(Elaeagnus angustifolia)


Leaves are alternate, simple, with thorns or spines.

Russian Olive Flowers

The Russian olive is a shrub or small tree, often leaning or twisted and distorted.   It  has an open crown and often thorny branches.  Itis native to Europeand western Asia.  It is commonly used as a windbreak and wildlife cover andfood.

Hardiness: zones 3 through 8

Growth Rate:
Fast

Mature Shape:


Height:
20 to 30 feet

Width:
8 to 12 feet

Site Requirements:
Prefers full sun and moist soils

Flowering Dates: June

Seed Dispersal Dates: Winter

Seed Bearing Age: 3 to 5 years

Seed Bearing Frequency:Every year

Seed Stratification: Prechill for 2 months at 34F to 40F
Russian Olive LeavesRussian Olive Fruit

Leaf is long and narrow, silvery colored and scurfy.

 

Click on a thumbnail image below to view a larger picture.
Russian Olive Twig Russian Olive Flowers Russian Olive Fruit Russian Olive Leaves Russian Olive Twigs