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Trees of Iowa: An Interactive Key

Ohio Buckeye
(Aesculus glabra)


Leaves are opposite compound.


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The Ohio buckeye is a medium-sized tree, reaching 50 to 60 feet in height and 18 to 20 inches in diameter with a short, limby trunk and a compact, rounded head. In Iowa the Ohio Buckeye is found scattered in timber in mixture with other species in the southeastern and central parts, usually on moist, bottomland soils.

Hardiness: zones

Growth Rate:


Mature Shape:


Height:


Width:


Site Requirements:


Flowering Dates: March - April

Seed Dispersal Dates: September - October

Seed Bearing Age: 8 Years

Seed Bearing Frequency:

Seed Stratification: Prechill for 4 months at 34F to 40F
Ohio Buckeye FlowersOhio Buckeye Flowers

The leaves are palmately compound, with the five individual leaflets much narrowed toward the base. They are light green and smooth above, yellowish green below and hairy along the veins. When crushed they have an unpleasant odor.

Ohio Buckeye LeavesBuckeye Fruit

The fruit is large, rounded, fleshy tan husk dividing into two or three parts, covered with prickles or warts and enclosing one or two round, mahogany-brown shiny nuts with a prominent spot or eye on one end.

Ohio Buckeye FruitOhio Buckeye Twigs

The twigs are reddish brown to ashy gray, upright, very stout, straight and coarse. The bark is ashy gray to gray-brown, breaking into irregular shallow plates covered with roughened scales.

 

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Ohio Buckeye Fruit Ohio Buckeye Fruit Ohio Buckeye Fruit Ohio Buckeye Form Ohio Buckeye Fruit Ohio Buckeye Leaves Ohio Buckeye Twigs Ohio Buckeye Flowers Ohio Buckeye Flowers