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Trees of Iowa: An Interactive Key

Norway Spruce
(Picea abies)



A native of Europe, the Norway spruce has been planted widely in this country and Iowa for ornamental use and for windbreak plantings.  It is a large, fast-growing tree requiring a fertile, moist soil.

Hardiness: zones 3b through 7 (can survive zone 8, but is not well adapted to those conditions)

Growth Rate:
Medium to fast, especially when young. (may grow to 75 feet in 50 years).

Mature Shape:
Pyramidal with branches that hang down. Stiff when young, becoming more graceful with age.

Height:
75 to 100 feet tall

Width:
40 to 50 feet wide

Site Requirements:
Adaptable, but prefers moist, cool areas. Often found around streams or lakes.

Flowering Dates: April - June

Seed Dispersal Dates: September - April

Seed Bearing Age: 30-50 Years

Seed Bearing Frequency: every 3-13 years

Seed Stratification: Prechill for 4 months at 34F to 40F

 

Norway Spruce TwigNorway Spruce Flowers

The needles are single, angular or four-sided, yellow-green in color, 1/2 to 1 inch long and slightly curved.  More of the needles are borne on the upper surface of the twigs where they usually point forward. The foliage appears to droop or weep.

Norway Spruce FruitNorway Spruce Leaves

  The cone is 4 to 7 inches long; light brown; hanging down.  Norway spruce grow 75 to 100 feet tall. They make good winter cover for wildlife.

 

Click on a thumbnail image below to view a larger picture.
Norway Spruce Fruit Norway Spruce Leave Norway Spruce Leaves Norway Spruce Leaves Norway Spruce Twigs Norway Spruce Leaves Norway Spruce Leaves Norway Spruce Leaves Norway Spruce Flowers Norway Spruce Form Norway Spruce Form Norway Spruce Form Norway Spruce Form