All about eggs

Inexpensive Egg Protein

Protein is an essential part of a nutritious diet; but, for many people, foods that supply protein are some of the most expensive items on the grocery list.

Protein supplied by eggs is both high in quality and low in cost. It’s easy to compare the price of eggs to the price of other protein foods. A dozen Large eggs weigh 1 1/2 pounds, so the price per pound of Large eggs is two-thirds of the price per dozen. For example, if Large eggs cost 90¢ per dozen, they cost 60¢ per pound. At $1.20 per dozen, Large eggs are only 80¢ per pound.

Another helpful formula is that one egg equals one ounce of lean meat, poultry or fish. This means that you can use two eggs as your main dish at a meal or you can use eggs to “stretch” more expensive protein foods. For instance, you might use one chopped hard-cooked egg per serving along with half the usual amount per serving of expensive seafood in a casserole.  

Sizes

Egg sizes are Jumbo, Extra Large, Large, Medium, Small and Peewee. Medium, Large and Extra Large are the sizes most commonly available because hens most often lay eggs of these sizes. Sizes are classified according to minimum net weight expressed in ounces per dozen.

Egg Size

Ounces per Dozen

Jumbo

30

Extra Large

27

Large

24

Medium

21

Small

18

Peewee

15

 

Which size to buy

You can use any size egg for most basic egg recipes, including scrambled or fried eggs. However, most recipes for baked goods are formulas in which it’s important to maintain the proper proportion of liquid to dry ingredients and to have enough whole egg, white or yolk to perform the needed functions. Most baking recipes are based on Large-sized eggs. (To substitute one size egg for another in recipes, see Size Equivalents.)

Size equivalents
Although you can use any size egg for frying, scrambling, cooking in the shell or poaching, most recipes for baked items such as custards and cakes are based on the use of Large eggs. To substitute another size, use the following chart:

Large  

Jumbo  

X-large  

Medium  

Small 

1

1

1

1

1

2

2

2

2

3

3

2

3

3

4

4

3

4

5

5

5

4

4

6

6

6

5

5

7

8

Most of the eggs sold in supermarkets are large-sized, but there are occasionally specials on other sizes. Use the price per dozen table to find which size is the best buy.

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