Salmonella

What is Salmonella?

Consumers expect meat and poultry that is as free as possible from bacteria. More than twenty years of research shows that it is just not economically feasible to produce bacteria-free raw meat and poultry. That's why good sanitation and careful food handling will always be necessary to prevent bacteria on raw meat products from causing illness.

Salmonellosis is the most common foodborne illness, but it is usually preventable. Foods like eggs, raw milk, and all raw foods of animal origin may carry salmonella and other bacteria. Bacteria don't have to cause illness, though. Routine food safety practices can destroy salmonella and other bacteria.

Symptoms of Salmonellosis may lead a person to believe they have the flu. The only way to tell if you are infected is through lab tests, a process that can take several days.

The salmonella family includes about 2,000 different strains of bacteria, but only ten strains cause most reported salmonella infections. Strains that may cause no symptoms in animals can make people sick, and vice versa.

A Salmonella bacterium is a one-celled organism that can't be seen, touched or tasted. The bacteria are common in the intestinal tracts and waste of livestock, poultry, dogs, cats, rats, and other warm-blooded animals. There will always be some risk of bacterial contamination from foods of animal origin. Food safety is necessary to prevent bacteria on raw foods from causing illness.

More Information on Salmonella:

  • Salmonella spp. - Foodborne Pathogenic Microorganisms and Natural Toxins (Bad Bug Book)
  • Salmonellosis - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

  • Article History
    • Revision Date: 6/22/2010

Food Safety Tip of the Day

Get it straight, it's safe to separate.

IAFP - Cross contamination icon

Improper handling of raw meat, poultry, and seafood can create an inviting environment for cross-contamination. As a result, bacteria can spread to food and and other surfaces throughout the kitchen. Keeping uncooked meat, poultry, and seafood away from ready-to-eat foods like fruits, vegetables, and cold cuts helps prevent pathogens and other bacteria from contaminating the ready-to-eat foods.

Source: Partnership for Food Safety Education

Resources:

Foodborne Pathogen of the Day

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