Delayed Planting, Prevented Planting and Replanting Crop Insurance Coverage

Delayed Planting, Prevented Planting and Replanting Crop Insurance Coverage

By Steve Johnson, ISU Extension, and William Edwards, Department of Economics

The frequent rains that have soaked Iowa this year have left many corn and soybean fields unplanted or with flooded areas. Many producers are wondering what options they have under their multiple peril crop insurance (MPCI) policies.

In Iowa, the crop insurance “late planting period” for corn begins on June 1. Corn can still be planted after this date, but the insurance guarantee on those acres is reduced by 1 percent per day until the acres are planted. Corn acres planted after June 25 will receive insurance coverage equal to 60 percent of their original guarantee. Producers should keep accurate records of planting dates on all remaining acres. The late planting period for soybeans is from June 16 through July 10 in Iowa.


Beginning June 1, corn producers with unplanted acres have three choices: plant corn as soon as possible with a reduced guarantee, shift to soybeans with full insurance coverage, or apply for prevented planting. Prevented planting acres are insured at 60 percent of their original guarantee and must have a cover crop established on them.

Acres that have been planted, but need to be replanted, may qualify for a special replanting insurance payment. Payments are based on the value of 8 bushels of corn or 3 bushels of soybeans per acre, times their respective projected insurance prices. In 2013, that is about $45 per acre for corn and $38 per acre for soybeans. To qualify for an indemnity payment under the replanted or prevented planting provisions, a minimum area of 20 acres or 20 percent of the insured unit, whichever is smaller, must be affected.

ISU Extension Resources

More details can be found in the publication “Delayed and Prevented Planting Provisions” (file A1-57) on the Iowa State University Extension and Outreach Ag Decision Maker website. An electronic decision spreadsheet is also available to help analyze alternative actions. Producers should communicate with their crop insurance agent before making decisions about replanting or abandoning acres.

Steve Johnson is an extension farm management specialist. He can be reached at 515-957-5790 or e-mail William Edwards is an economics professor with extension responsibilities in farm business management. Edwards can be contacted at 515-294-6161 or e-mail

This article was published originally on 5/28/2013 The information contained within the article may or may not be up to date depending on when you are accessing the information.


Economic Impact of Delayed and Prevented Planting 

By William Edwards, Department of Economics

Most crop producers know that to achieve optimum yields it is important to plant early. However, in years like this when cold weather or frequent rains prevented tillage and planting from being completed, some adjustments may be made to the amount of coverage provided by Multiple Peril Crop Insurance (MPCI) as well as other types of crop insurance. These adjustments are subject to revision each year by the Risk Management Agency and crop insurance vendors.

There are a few tools available to help Midwest crop producers make the tough decisions on delayed and prevented planting.

The first is my Delayed and Prevented Planting publication. On the ISU Extension Ag Decision Maker site there is an interactive online Excel spreadsheet that allows you to calculate the impact on your operation.

In addtion, the University of Illinois farm business management experts have pulled together some additional tools to aid Midwest crop producers.

William Edwards is a professor of economics with extension responsibilities in farm business management.

Links to this material are strongly encouraged. This article may be republished without further permission if it is published as written and includes credit to the author, Integrated Crop Management News and Iowa State University Extension. Prior permission from the author is required if this article is republished in any other manner.

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