Horse Breeding Management Workshop

Peggy Miller-Auwerda, Faculty, Animal Science Department


Driven by economics and advances in horse breeding, artificial insemination in horses has increased in use. Most breed associations allow the use of artificial insemination. Furthermore, the use of shipped semen, either cooled or frozen is allowed. The use of artificial insemination requires owners to be more knowledgeable in mare and stallion physiology. Horse owners and farm managers also need to acquire the knowledge in equipment used for collecting stallions, analyzing semen and inseminating mares.


To provide a workshop for horse owners that allowed them to increase their knowledge in mare and stallion physiology and obtain practical experience in inseminating mares, collecting stallions & evaluating semen.


In 2006, a 2-day horse breeding management workshop was conducted. On day one lectures were presented on stallion and mare physiology, nutrition of the breeding horse, & foaling. Day two was held at the Animal Science department horse farm. The purpose of the program was to educate horse owners about mare and stallion care, anatomy and physiology. In addition, participants were taught how to collect stallions, evaluate semen and inseminate mares.


The first day of the program included presenting information on stallion and mare anatomy and physiology, hormonal management of the mare, nutrition of the stallion and mare, foaling and what the owner needs to know about cooled shipped semen and frozen semen.  The second day of the program was hands-on activities. A demonstration was conducted to show how to properly collect a stallion, evaluate semen and inseminate mares. Attendees were then allowed to practice inseminating mares, collecting a stallion and evaluate the semen they collected. After attending the program, owners/managers learned that they could collect stallions and inseminate mares at their facility. In addition, attendees could have cooled semen shipped to their facility and artificially inseminate mares at their farm. Prior to the workshop, participants managed their breeding herd by the use of pasture or hand breeding. After the workshop producers could incorporate a new breeding system into their management scheme. By using artificial insemination techniques more diseases are controlled, the risk of injury to the stallion, mare and handlers are reduced, the owner can obtain greater effective use of the stallion, and the semen can be stored so that it is ready for use when the mare is at optimal mating.

September 2006

101 - Strategic and Organizational Management Development for Iowas Farm Businesses

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