Hail Storm Response

Name and Position/Title: 
Kelvin Leibold, Extension Farm Management Specialist;
Russ Euken, Extension Livestock Specialist
John Holmes, Extension Field Agronomist

Fiscal Year Submitted: 
2010

POW Title and Number: 
100  Corn and Soybean Production and Protection

Title:   Hail storm response

Issue:  Crop farmers, livestock farmers, lenders, and local grain elevators used this information.  The most important issue was, “Is the grain safe to feed to livestock?”  Another issue was grain quality in terms of test weight and storability.

What Did You Do?
ISU Extension hosted two meetings shortly after the hail storm.  These meetings focused on the potential for crop recovery, expected problems with mycotoxins, expected problems with grain quality, and potential assistance from disaster programs. 

A second set of meetings were held to address grain quality issues and problems due to expected mycotoxins.  One meeting targeted elevator staff that would be evaluating grain and deciding on whether or not to accept it; the other meeting targeted farmers.  ISU partnered with Prairie Land Cooperative, Hawkeye Renewables, the Farm Service Administration, and local banks.  Both local and campus-based Extension staff were readily available to local and statewide media to provide interviews and educational information immediately following the storm and at the subsequent meetings conducted by ISU Extension or Prairie Land Cooperative. 

The final effort focused on grain quality.  Campus based staff coordinated a grain quality survey to assess whether or not mycotoxins had infected the crop, and to evaluate grain quality factors that affect storability and use for livestock feed.  John Holmes worked directly with Prairie Land Cooperative to insure that the mycotoxin test results they were obtaining locally agreed with samples analyzed by the Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory.  Paired samples were run:  one set at Prairieland and a second set analyzed by the Vet diagnostic Lab. 

Results/Outcomes:
Farmers, agronomists, livestock producers, and grain elevator staff vastly increased their knowledge as a result of ISU Extension efforts.  Farmers learned how the hail had affected the quality of the crop and learned the potential for mycotoxins to infect the crop.  Livestock producers learned the potential of mycotoxins to affect livestock performance and learned the tolerances livestock have for mycotoxin infested grain.  Agronomists learned how to evaluate grain in the field and learned how to identify the ear rots and molds that produce mycotoxins.  Grain elevator staff learned how to identify mycotoxins and learned the safe levels of these mycotoxins.  Elevator and ethanol plant staff also learned which molds and diseases do not affect grain safety. 

2010

100  Corn and Soybean Production and Protection

 

Page last updated: June 30, 2010
Page maintained by Linda Schultz, lschultz@iastate.edu