|In this issue:|
|Visit Iowa's Gardens and Arboreta|
(Prepared by Eldon Everhart, ISU Extension Field Specialist/Horticulture, Shelby County, 712/755-3104)
Visiting Iowa's gardens and arboreta is a good way to enjoy the beauty and diversity of plants that are adapted to Iowa. In addition, you can evaluate and select new plants for your yard and garden. So, take along a notebook and record the names of plants you would like to grow.
Start your surnmer off right by visiting one or more of the 1998 ISU Extension home demon stration gardens located throughout Iowa at the following research and demonstration farms:
Western Iowa Research Farm (Castana)
Southeast Iowa Research Farm (Crawfordsville)
Southwest Iowa Research Farm (Armstrong)
North Iowa Research Farm (Kanawha)
Northwest Iowa Research Farm (Sutherland)
Muscatine Island Field Station (Fruitland)
This year the home demonstration gardens feature a blend of the old and the new. Garden ers interested in tomato varieties (and who isn't) can see new early varieties, 'Fourth of July' and 'Sub-Artic Maxi' and heirloom varieties, 'Brandywine' and 'Big Rainbow.'
Old and new pumpkin varieties featured include the old 'Etampes Scarlet' (considered to be the "Cinderella" pumpkin) and the new 1999 All America Selection winner 'Wee-B-Little.'
Colorful peppers and eggplants are featured in this year's gardens; White King,' 'Sweet Chocolate,' 'Cardinal,' and 'Secret' peppers and 'Black Bell' 'Purple Rain,' 'Casper,' 'Rosita,' 'Millionaire,' and Machiow' eggplants. Also on display are old and new varieties of watermelon, musk melon, beans, basil, Swiss chard, and sweet corn.
No home garden is complete without flowers. Included are old-fashioned flowers, such as nasturtuim, celosia, and cosmos, as well as the newest All America winners. They include 'Proflision Cherry' and 'Profusion Orange' zinnias and 'Bonanza Bolero' marigold.
Horticulture plantings at many of the farms also feature demonstration wildflower plantings, windbreak demonstrations, herbaceous perenni als, shrubs, shade trees, small fruit plots includ ing raspberries, strawberries, and bluebemes. Home garden plots on ISU Extension research farms are open to the public all season long. Home garden field days are scheduled for late summer. Following are the dates, locations, directions to, and phone numbers.
· July 25, 1:30 p.m. -- Sutherland, farm located 11 miles north of Cherokee on U.S. Highway 59 and 1/4 mile east on County Road B-62, phone: 712-446-2526, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
· July 29, 6:30 p.m. -- Kanawha - located south of Kanawha on County Road R-35, phone: 515- 762-3247, e-mail: email@example.com
· July 30, 6:30 p.m. -- Crawfordsville - located 3/4 miles south and 2 miles east of Crawfordsville on the county-line road, phone: 319-658-2353, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
· August 4, 6:30 p.m. -- Fruitland - located 1/2 mile north of the intersection of Highway 330 and Binford Avenue in Marshall County, phone: 319-262-8787, e-mail: email@example.com
· August 5, 6:30 p.m. -- Nashua - located 1 mile south and 11/2 miles west of Nashua, phone: 515-435-4864, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
· August 6, 6:30 p.m. -- Arrnstrong - located 11 miles southwest of Atlantic on Highway 6, 1/2 mile south and 3/4 mile east, phone: 712-769-2402, e-mail: email@example.com
Other gardens and arboreta throughout Iowa:
Reiman Gardens, Iowa State University, 1407 Elwood Drive, Ames, IA 50011, phone: 515-294- 2710, fax: (515-294-4817), e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org -- Plantings include a rose garden (hybrid teas, floribundas, and grandiflo ras), antique roses, and an assortment of the Griffith Buck roses. Other features include a dwarf conifer collection, herb garden, and numer ous annual and perennial beds.
Des Moines Botanical Center, 909 East River Drive, Des Moines, IA 50316, phone: 515-242- 2934-- 1,000 different species and cultivars of tropical, subtropical, and arid region plants growing inside the 80-foot4all, 150-foot-wide Plexiglas dome. Facility also has classrooms, gift shop, cafe, library, and outdoor gardens.
Iowa Arboretum, 1875 Peach Avenue, Madrid, IA 50156, phone: 515-795-2619-- Over 300 acres of forest, prairie, and meadow. The "culti vated" 40 acres has hundreds of species of trees and shrubs, herbs, roses, ornamental grasses, Siberian irises, daylilies, and hostas.
Bickelhaupt Arboretum, 340 South 14th Street, Clinton, IA 52742, phone: 319-242-4771-- Frances and Robert Bickelhaupt started the Bickelhaupt Arboretum in Clinton in 1970 on the grounds surrounding their home. The 13-acre arboretum has an education center and numerous trees, shrubs, and perennials.
Brucemore Gardens, 2160 Linden Drive SE, Cedar Rapids, IA 52403, phone: 319-362-7375 - - Brucemore Gardens, adjacent to the mansion, has a formal garden with a peony collection, over 200 roses, flower borders. Established in 1910, the two acres of developed gardens in clude a greenhouse and cutting garden.
Dubuque Arboretum and Botanical Gardens, 3125 West 32nd Street, Dubuque, IA 52001, phone: 319-556-2100-- Over 800 roses (hybrid teas, miniature, shrub, and old garden roses), over 600 hostas, as well as irises, peonies, lilies, daylilies, prairie grasses, and wildflowers.
The Secret Garden, 10182 Danville Road, Danville, IA 52623, phone: 319-392-8288-- An 1846 sesquicentennial farm with acres of annual and perennial flowers and everlasting flower barn. Located off county road X3 1, south of Danville.
Vander Veer Park, 214 W. Central Park, Daven port, Iowa 52803, phone: 319-326-7817-- Features a beautiful rose garden and tropical dome with gardens both inside and outside. The dome has an extensive permanent collection of over 15,000 plants and ornamental plant exhibits that change six times a year.
|All Roads Still Lead South and West|
(Prepared by Wayne Kobberdahl, ISU Extension Field Specialist/Communities, Mills County, 712/624-8616)
One of Governor Branstad's goals for Iowa is that every county experience some economic and population growth. It is an admirable goal and certainly one that is challenging. Though there has been some growth in many of Iowa's coun ties, it would be a stretch to say Iowa is a growth state, at least relative to other states in our nation.
Much of the information in this article is taken from Census and You, a monthly news report from the U.S. Bureau of the Census. In that report census projections indicate the nation's population growth over the next 30 years will be concentrated in a handful of states in the south and the west.
California, Texas, Arizona, Florida, North Carolina, Georgia, and Washington are expected to each gain more than two million people between 1995 and 2025. Combined, these seven states, which now comprise about one-third of the nation's population, would account for nearly 60% of the country's population increase over this period.
Florida, Here We Come?
Perhaps "California, here we come!," the famous cry uttered by countless numbers of Americans over the years, should be modified to Florida, here we come! The Sunshine State is projected to gain nearly four million people over the 30-year period through net internal migration -- that is, the difference between the number of people moving in from and out to other states. Florida's total would be more than twice that of Texas, the state with the next highest total.
The flood of migrants from other states will help boost Florida past New York and into third place in population after 2015. California is expected to remain in first and Texas in second throughout the 1995-2025 period.
While Florida will be gaining lots of people from other states, California will be losing them. The Golden State's expected net loss of more than four million internal migrants would rank second only to New York's five million. How can California still rank first in overall growth?
Cahfornia Still Growing
California's total population is projected to leap by 18 million over this period -- by far the nation's largest gain. That's because the state's projected loss of people through interstate migra tion will be more than offset by the expected 14 million it will add via natural increase (births minus deaths) and the nine million it should gain through international migration.
Both are easily the nation's highest total. This massive population gain would boost California's share of the nation's population from 12% in 1995 to 15% in 2025. For more informa tion on this report, feel free to call Paul Campbell Population Division at 301-457-2428, or your local county ISU Extension office.
Potpourri of Agricultural Facts
1,5000,000 to Z 500,000 acres of farmiand
are lost nationwide each year to urban
sprawl. Three acres per hour are
lost in Minnesota.
Largefarms are more likely than small farms
to be con frolled by full time production
managers, receive government payments,
be organized as corporations, and
generate large returns.
|Is There a Refrigerator Anywhere Without a Jar of Salsa?|
(Prepared by Pat Anderson, ISU Extension Field Specialist/Nutrition & Health, East Pottawattamie County, 712/482-6449)
Salsa seems to have become a kitchen staple. It's quick to use in making a speedy version of chili, just browning a little ground beef and adding salsa. Salsa adds flavor to bean soups, is great served over chicken or pork chops, and is replacing higher calorie sour cream based dips for chips.
The change to salsa with chips is a healthy change because carotenoids in the tomatoes and antioxidants in the tomatoes and peppers have been shown to prevent damage to cells that can begin the process of cancer development.
When tomatoes start producing, I frequently get requests for salsa recipes for home canning. If you don't plan to can, these recipes can simply be reduced in size and used as a guide for fresh salsa.
Tomato Salsa (using slicing tomatoes)
4 cups peeled, cored, chopped tomatoes
2 cups seeded, chopped long green chiles
1/2 cup seeded, chopped jalapeno peppers
3/4 cups chopped onions
4 cloves garlic, finely chopped
2 cups vinegar
1 teaspoon ground cumin*
1 tablespoon oregano leaves*
11/2 teaspoon salt
Combine all ingredients in a large saucepan and bring the mixture to a boil, stirring
frequently. Reduce heat and simmer 20 minutes, stirring occa sionally. Ladle hot into
clean pint jars, leaving 1/2-inch headspace. Adjust lids and process in a boiling water
canner 20 minutes for southwest Iowa altitude.
Chile Salsa (Hot Tomato-Pepper Sauce)
10 cups peeled, cored, chopped tomatoes
6 cups seeded, chopped chili peppers*
(combination of mild and hot peppers)
4 cups chopped onions
1 cup vinegar
3 teaspoons salt
1/2 teaspoon pepper
Combine ingredients in a large saucepan. Heat to a boil and simmer 10 minutes.
Ladle hot into pint jars, leaving 1/2-inch headspace. Adjust lids and process in a boiling
water canner 20 minutes for southwest Iowa altitude.
Yield: 6 to 8 pints
*The only changes you can safely make in these recipes when canning is to substitute bottled lemon juice for vinegar or to change the amount ofspices and herbs. The balance ofmild and hot peppers can be adjusted in the recipe above to taste preference, but do not change the total amount of peppers in the recipe.
Low or No-fat dipping chips:
Cut corn tortillas** into 6 pie-shaped wedges. Place wedges in a single layer on baking sheets. Bake at 3500F for 15 minutes or until crisp.
* *Check the Nutrition Facts label on tortillas when purchasing, some have no fat while others do have some fat.
Acreage Living is published monthly. For more information,
contact your local county ISU Extension Office.
Editor: Shawn Shouse, ISU Extension FS/Ag Engineering, SW Area Extension, 53020 Hitchcock Avenue, Lewis, Iowa, 51544, Ph: 712/769-2600
Layout & Design: Paulette Cambridge, Office Assistant, SW Area Extension, 53020 Hitchcock Avenue, Lewis, Iowa 51544, Ph: 712/769-2600
...and justice for all.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination in all its programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, gender, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, and marital or family status. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.) Many materials can be made available in alternative formats for ADA clients. To file a complaint of discrimination, write USDA, Office of Civil Rights, Room 326-W, Whitten Building, 14th and Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, DC 20250-9410 or call 202-720-5964.