|In this issue:|
|What to Eat! . . . Tips For You and Your Health|
(Prepared by Pat Anderson, ISU Extension Field Specialist/Nutrition & Health, East Pottawattamie County, 712/482-6449)
You often read nutrition advice designed to reduce risk for a specific disease. But if you want to support your health and prevent chronic diseases, it can be confusing to try to put all the advice together into what you should eat during a typical week.
It's not uncommon for people to say, "Just tell me what to eat!"
The Center for Science in the Public Interest was aware of the need for a single, simple set of advice that most Americans could follow. To develop a set of advice, they looked at:
1. What are our major health problems?
2. What dietary advice is given to reduce the risk of these health problems?
3. What does food consumption data reveal Americans are eating that is not in compliance with dietary advice.
From these considerations, CSPI developed a list of ten recommendations they felt would improve the diets of most Americans.
Recommendations are general advice that will not address specific problems of all individuals. To use the recommendations, look them over for things you are already doing and then select a change you feel you could work on. Changes are not listed in any order of importance and have been modified to better improve our Midwest diet. The more changes you make the better your reduction of risk for all diseases on the list.
What to eat ....
1. Eat no more than two ounces of regular (full fat) cheese a week.
2. Switch from whole or 2% milk (reduced fat milk) to 1% milk (low-fat) or skim milk (fat-free). (Advised only for individuals over two years of age.)
3. Switch from high-fat processed meat to their reduced fat or fat-free forms.
4. Switch one or two ground beef meals each week to fish; always blot ground beef patties and drain and rinse ground beef crumbles with warm water to remove fat.
5. Switch from butter or stick margarine to a reduced-fat tub margarine and use liquid oils for food preparation and baking.
6. Eat at least three servings of whole grain foods each day.
7. Eat at least three servings of vegetables at dinner each night and replace two sweet or salty snacks with fruit each day.
8. Switch from pop to milk or juice with meals and for planned snacks. Use water between meals for thirst.
9. Eat at least four 1/2-cup servings of dried beans, lentils, or peas each week.
10. Limit foods with 480 mg of sodium or more per serving to one serving a day.
|Who Does Iowa Trade With?|
(Prepared by Wayne Kobberdahl, ISU Extension Field Specialist/Communities, Mills County, 712/624-8616)
I scan a number of newsletters and publications every week as a part of my job, and to keep abreast of what is happening in Iowa. One I find particularly helpful is called "An Environmental Scan Update" distributed by the Division of Community Services and Economic Development of Iowa's Community Colleges. Information in this article came from that publication and would be available from me or from Iowa Western Community College.
There is no doubt the world is becoming smaller in that all the countries of the world are depending more and more on each other for their sustainability. Iowa as a state is a great asset to America; it produces and exports commodities that are in demand world wide for the existence of life itself. Iowa produces a significant share of America's rapidly growing agricultural exports. Iowa's 1994 exports of $776 million in soybeans ranked second among the states. Iowa's $761 million in feed grain exports ranked third, and its $368 million in meat exports ranked fourth among the states.
Iowa's exports are growing faster than those of the U.S. overall. Export goods from Iowa grew 32% between 1993 and 1995 to 2.6 billion dollars. U.S. merchandise grew 25% during that same period. These numbers lend solid support to the view that our ability to create jobs and growth here depends on the ability to open markets overseas.
Iowa's top eight trading partners in 1995 were:
Canada, South Korea, Japan, Australia, Germany, Mexico, Netherlands, United Kingdom
Some interesting facts:
It is important to note that foreign firms operating in Iowa employed 30,900 people in 1993 compared to 9,300 in 1997. Also, in 1996, 2% of all Iowa employees worked for a foreign-affiliated firm.
A comment that makes a lot of sense is something to the effect that countries that trade with each other seldom go to war with each other.
A global approach to education and economics would appear to be a prudent approach for progressive educated Iowans.
|Improving Pastures for 1999|
(Prepared by Carroll R. Olsen, ISU Extension Field Specialist/Crops, Southwest Area Extension, 712/769-2600)
Okay, so 1999 is a long way off. But this is the time to start improving both the quality and quantity of pastures for next year. Start by making an inventory and health of those species you presently have in your pasture.
I assume you have forage species. If you have weeds, now is the time to start to work on perennials, do the job on biennials, and promise to do better on annuals. Most perennials are still preparing for winter by unloading food from the leaves to the roots. No need to work on perennials in the spring. You can piggyback chemicals on the food to kill the roots. Some perennials, such as Canada thistle, may still not die but will be weaker for next year. Biennials, such as musk thistle, are in the rosette stage and pretty vulnerable right now. Annual weeds are dead - we'll try to thicken our good specie to smother the annuals.
The most common translocated herbicides for pastures are phenoxy products such as 2,4-D and Banvel. Check with your local ISU Extension office for help in weed identification and selection of proper herbicide.
A spade will also work on if you don't have too many weeds and/or need the exercise.
Winter annuals, i.e. mustard, are the fourth type of weed you may be concerned about. They sprout in the fall and flower early in the spring. Good pasture health will also take care of them.
If your pasture specie is mostly smooth bromegrass or bluegrass but a little thin (that is, you can see soil), you should consider application of nitrogen fertilizer in late summer or early fall. These two grasses spread by underground roots in the fall. Spring applied nitrogen tends to promote top growth at the expense of root growth.
Some people like to do a fall interseeding. "Fall" seeding is probably not the best term since we'd prefer that "fall" seedings be completed by mid to late August to allow the root and the plant time to develop before a killing frost pays a visit. Always a risk, of course, but you might be better to wait for an early spring attempt to thicken the stand. We'll talk more about that next spring.
In the meantime, you might be reading journals or visiting with neighbors and extension personnel to get a handle on the species that might be most useful to you. We continue to get questions on some of the exotic plants that promise great things; but, somehow we always come back to the old tried and true.
The same goes for a magic bullet to improve pastures but it just seems to boil down to creating and maintaining a proper environment for the plants and they'll respond to their best ability.
Acreage Living is published monthly. For more information,
contact your local county ISU Extension Office.
Editor: Shawn Shouse, ISU Extension FS/Ag Engineering, SW Area Extension, 53020 Hitchcock Avenue, Lewis, Iowa, 51544, Ph: 712/769-2600
Layout & Design: Paulette Cambridge, Office Assistant, SW Area Extension, 53020 Hitchcock Avenue, Lewis, Iowa 51544, Ph: 712/769-2600
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