East-Central and Southeast Iowa Crop
Black Cutworm Update
Black cutworms do not overwinter in Iowa. Rather, black cutworm moths fly
in from the south. If few or no moths fly in, then few or no eggs will be
laid, and black cutworm will not be a concern. If a significant number of
moths fly in, then there may be enough eggs laid to cause
significant loss in a corn field. To monitor incoming flights of black
cutworms, a series of traps have been established.
Development of black cutworm is based on climatic temperature. Black
cutworms develop whenever the temperature is above 51 degrees. Therefore,
the stage of development is estimated based on Growing Degree Days (GDD)
Base 51 since the moth flight, which is when eggs may have been
laid. The formula for a given day is the daily high (minimum 51) plus
the daily low (minimum 51) divided by 2 to determine the average
temperature for the day. From the average temperature for the day,
subtract 51. If the result is a positive number, add it to the GDD of all
prior days with a positive result. (Note: Development used to be predicted on a GDD Base 50, but newer research suggests that Base 51 is more appropriate. This change will result in about a one day difference in the predicted onset of cutting.)
Black cutworms begin to hatch and feed at 300 GDD base 51 after the moth
Note: Preventive treatments are NOT recommended. See pages
of the May 19, 2003 Integrated Crop Management Newsletter and the May 5, 2011 ICM News article.
Note: Seed treatments may not provide adequate protection from black cutworms. See page 76 of the May 9, 2005 Integrated Crop Management Newsletter and the May 5, 2011 ICM News article.
Projected first cutting dates and further information is available at this ICM News article. Also note the similarity in dates with the University of Illinois Bulletin and the Wisconsin Pest Bulletin.
Once 300 GDD have
accumulated in the area, scouting should take place on all corn until it
reaches the five-leaf stage (V5).
Start scouting fields about 2 days before the predicted first cutting
as local conditions may have speeded up development.
When scouting, be sure to differentiate between Black Cutworms (Top)
and Dingy Cutworms (Bottom) as Dingy Cutworms almost never cause an
economic loss worth treating. See page
42 of the May 17, 2004 Integrated Crop Management Newsletter.
A dynamic action threshold, allowing the user to enter his/her own cost of management and price of grain, is at Dynamic Black Cutworm Action Threshold
at the Integrated Crop Management News.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact the
Iowa State University Extension Office.
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Last Update: May 3, 2016, except the data in the table was last updated the day after the most recent data listed.
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