Skip Navigation

Evaluation of Fungicide and Insecticide Seed Treatments on Soybean at Three Locations in Iowa in 2012

By Alison Robertson, Daren Mueller and Stith Wiggs, Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, and Erin Hodgson. Department of  Entomology 


With funding from check-off dollars from the Iowa Soybean Association, we have evaluated the effect of commercially available fungicide and insecticide seed treatments. We evaluated seedling diseases, insects, and yield of soybean in Iowa in 2012.  This field study was done at three locations in Iowa: ISU Northeast Research and Demonstration Farm (NERF), Nashua; ISU Southeast Research and Demonstration Farm (SERF) near Crawfordsville; and a farmer’s field in Nevada (two planting dates).  Soybean variety varied by location. Seed treatments were professionally applied by the respective companies.  Varieties are commercially available, but their information will not be disclosed.

 

Materials and methods

The experimental design at each location was a randomized complete block with four replications.  Plot sizes were 10 ft-wide (four rows) by 17.5 ft. Planting and harvesting dates are listed in Table 1, and the seed treatments included are listed in Table 2.  In addition, the effect of a seed treatment plus a foliar application of Headline® (6 oz/A) + Leverage 360® (3.8 oz/A) applied at beginning pod set (R3) on yield was compared.  Seedling disease and insect damage were assessed at 14 days after planting (dap) and 28 dap.  One-meter stand counts were taken 14 and 28 dap, and vigor (plant height) was assessed 28 dap.  Foliar and stem disease was assessed at growth stage R5/R6.  Only diseases that were greater than one percent severity were recorded.  Soybean aphid populations were assessed at growth stage R1 and R3 to R4.5.  Plots were harvested with a plot combine.  Grain moisture at harvest was determined and yields were converted to bu/A at 13 percent moisture.

Table 1. Planting and harvest dates for soybean seed treatment trials in Iowa in 2012.

Location

Planting

Harvest

SERF (Crawfordsville)

May 14

Oct 8

 

Nevada (early)

May 9

Oct 3

 

Nevada (late)

May 23

Oct 3

 

NERF (Nashua)

April 26

Sept 18

 

 

Table 2. Seed treatments products evaluated and yield of soybean in Iowa in 2012.

Treatment

Yield (bu/A)

SERFa

Nevada (early)

Nevada (late)

NERFb

Untreated

67.1

74.9

58.1

54.6

Untreated with foliar sprayc

70.2*

71.3

53.6

59.5*

Poncho  + VOTiVO

69.3

70.8

57.1

56.3

CruiserMaxx Plus with Avicta

71.7*

72.3

55.3

58.7*

CruiserMaxx Plus

70.6*

74.9

61.0

56.8

CruiserMaxx Plus with foliar sprayc

72.2*

68.6*

55.5

59.7*

Pioneer Premium

69.1

73.4

58.0

60.9*

Inovate System

70.1*

77.8

58.0

56.8

Inovate + Metastar

69.7

69.5*

57.3

58.9*

Inovate + Metastar with foliar sprayc

70.0

75.8

58.1

60.2*

Overall LSD (0.1)

2.9

5.0

4.9

3.2

CV (%)

3.5

5.8

7.1

4.6

 

Results

The 2012 growing season was extremely hot and dry.  No seedling disease or insect (bean leaf beetle, soybean aphid) damage occurred in any of the four trials. Similarly no foliar or stem diseases were observed.

No differences in stand counts were detected at either 14 dap or 28 dap in three of the four trials. At the early planting date at Nevada, stand counts at 28 dap for the Poncho + VOTiVO, Pioneer premium and Inovate + Metastar treatments greater than the control (untreated seed) (P<0.1).

Yield varied across locations and ranged from 54.6 to 74.9 bu/A in the untreated control (Table 2). There was evidence of an effect of seed treatment on yield at three of the four sites (P<0.1).  At SERF (Crawfordsville), the yield of soybean treated with either CruiserMaxx + Avicta, CruiserMaxx Plus or Inovate were greater than the untreated control (71.7 bu/A, 70.6 bu/A and 70.1 bu/A, respectively versus 67.1 bu/A).  In the early planting date trial at Nevada, the Inovate + Metastar yielded less than the untreated control (69.6 bu/A versus 74.9 bu/A).  At NERF (Nashua), Cruiser Maxx + Avicta (58.7), Pioneer Premium (60.9 bu/A) and Inovate + Metastar (58.9 bu/A) yielded greater than the untreated control (54.6 bu/A). At three of the four locations, application of Headline® + Leverage® at R3/R4 resulted in higher yields for some treatments (P<0.1; Table 2).

 

Summary

The benefit of a seed treatment on soybean stand establishment was not evident in our 2012 field trials.  Much of the research across the Midwest has shown that seed treatments only protect soybean stand when cold (<55F), wet conditions occur within a few days of planting. In addition, we do not expect to see yield protection in the absence of significant pest pressure.  We did, however, detect evidence of an effect of seed treatment on yield at three of our four sites, although no one product stood out above the rest.  A tremendous amount of research on the biology of soybean seedling diseases in the Midwest is currently being done with funding from USDA-NIFA, the United Soybean Board, and the North Central Soybean Research Program.  The Iowa Soybean Association is also funding research in Iowa.  The goal of this research is to improve our understanding of the pathogens that are causing seedling disease and the conditions that favor infection and disease development both early in the growing season and as the season progresses. The sensitivity of these pathogens to fungicides used in seed treatment products is also being evaluated. These data may help to explain why one seed treatment benefits yield at one location and not necessarily at another.


Acknowledgements

Funding for this study was provided by Iowa Soybean Association.  We thank Bayer CropScience, Syngenta and Valent for treating seed for the study.

 

Alison Robertson is an associate professor in the plant pathology and microbiology department with extension and research responsibilities; contact her at alisonr@iastate.edu or phone 515-294-6708. Daren Mueller is an extension specialist with responsibilities in the Iowa State University Integrated Pest Management program. Mueller can be reached at 515- 460-8000 or by email at dsmuelle@iastate.edu. Stith Wiggs is a research associate in the plant pathology and microbiology department. He can be reached at (515) 294-1741 or stithw@iastate.edu. Erin Hodgson is an assistant professor of entomology with extension and research responsibilities; contact at ewh@iastate.edu or phone 515-294-2847.

 


This article was published originally on 4/15/2013 The information contained within the article may or may not be up to date depending on when you are accessing the information.


Links to this material are strongly encouraged. This article may be republished without further permission if it is published as written and includes credit to the author, Integrated Crop Management News and Iowa State University Extension. Prior permission from the author is required if this article is republished in any other manner.