Are You Into It?
Entomology is the study of insects and all six-legged creatures. Getting to know insects can be a fun way to get outside and see what is there. There are insects everywhere on Earth, even in the coldest Arctic! .
Here's what you can do all year!
Starting Out Basic/ Level 1
- Learn about different insect body parts
- Find out how Insects communicate with one another
- Research what types of bugs are considered pests
- Demonstrate how to make an insect net and how to use it
Learning More Intermediate/ Level 2
- Research how insects use color to blend in with their environment
- Learn the life cycle and life stages of insects
- Find out where insects live
- Interview an exterminator about what insects are considered pests
Expanding Horizons Advanced/ Level 3
- Create a butterfly garden to attract butterflies to your home
- Find out how different types of insects eat
- Start your own insect collection
- Learn how to classify insects in different groups
- Investigate the importance of wings and flying in insects
- Watch the Light Show. Look for males flashing as they fly and females twinkling in one place. See if you can figure out their flash patterns. Are they all one species or several different ones?
- Talk Back. Using a small flashlight, try imitating the patterns you see. If you flash the male's pattern, a female may flash back. Try the female's response; you may lure a made right to your fingertips!
- Catch and Release. For a close-up look, catch a few fireflies in a jar. Check them out and then let them go, of course.
- Be Firefly-Friendly. Make your neighborhood a good habitat for fireflies. Turn off bright outdoor lights, which "drown out" fireflies' messages. Avoid lawn chemicals. Plant trees, shrubs, and grasses to provide places for the beetles to rest and hide.
Step It Up
- Plan a field trip for a youth group to visit an insectary.
- Hold a workshop to show younger 4-Hers how to make their own bug collection.
- Complete a Service Learning project
- Plant a butterfly garden for an elementary school, daycare, or nursing home.
- Create a caterpillar or butterfly display for a classroom so students can see the real life change from caterpillar to chrysalis to butterfly!
- Conduct a workshop to help people understand household pests and how to control them.
- Visit the local nursing home and give a presentation about insects. Bring your insect collection or jars of insects to share for show and tell!
Take a look at "Making an Entomology Exhibit" to get some great ideas on where to start with your project!
Create a poster showing different crop pests and their natural predators.
Make an insect display with scientific and common names.
Interview a bee producer and learn why bees are important to plants and the environment.
Start an insect collection.
Make a poster showing the different invasive species in your area, how they affect the ecosystem, and how they are spread.
Create a list of beneficial insects and find out what makes them beneficial
Some butterflies and insects migrate. Find out which ones do and where they go for the winter.
4-H Entomology Project Manuals
- Making an Entomology Exhibit (4H 422)
- Birds, Beasts, Bugs and Us (4H808B)
- Pollinators in Your Garden
- Insect Investigator
- Gardening for Butterflies
- Bug Watcher -- Entomology Project Guide
- Teaming with Insects -- Curriculum
- Project Butterfly WINGS
Online 4-H Resources
Bug Guide- Iowa State University guide to identifying insects and finding more information.
Iowa Insects, Spiders, and Other Invertibrates- The Iowa Association of Naturalists presents a booklet all about insects, spiders, and invertibrates.
Insect Almanac- Insect information for use in urban, crop, livestock, and other areas all in one place, provided by the University of Nebraska.
Who let the Bugs Out?- Purdue University identifies the difference between beneficial insects and pests. Learn how to identify them too!
Kentucky Critter Files- Learn about insects, spiders and other arthropods through the University of Kentucky Entomology Department.
Firefly Files- The Ohio State University has resources and activities about this amazing bioluminescent insect called the firefly.
Midnight Bee- Home to information about anything related to honey bees.
Monarch Lab- The University of Minnesota teaches about butterflies from their life cycle to migration as well as how to care for your own.